35,125 research outputs found

    Cooperation between Top-Down and Bottom-Up Theorem Provers

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    Top-down and bottom-up theorem proving approaches each have specific advantages and disadvantages. Bottom-up provers profit from strong redundancy control but suffer from the lack of goal-orientation, whereas top-down provers are goal-oriented but often have weak calculi when their proof lengths are considered. In order to integrate both approaches, we try to achieve cooperation between a top-down and a bottom-up prover in two different ways: The first technique aims at supporting a bottom-up with a top-down prover. A top-down prover generates subgoal clauses, they are then processed by a bottom-up prover. The second technique deals with the use of bottom-up generated lemmas in a top-down prover. We apply our concept to the areas of model elimination and superposition. We discuss the ability of our techniques to shorten proofs as well as to reorder the search space in an appropriate manner. Furthermore, in order to identify subgoal clauses and lemmas which are actually relevant for the proof task, we develop methods for a relevancy-based filtering. Experiments with the provers SETHEO and SPASS performed in the problem library TPTP reveal the high potential of our cooperation approaches

    Non--Newtonian viscosity of interacting Brownian particles: comparison of theory and data

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    A recent first-principles approach to the non-linear rheology of dense colloidal suspensions is evaluated and compared to simulation results of sheared systems close to their glass transitions. The predicted scenario of a universal transition of the structural dynamics between yielding of glasses and non-Newtonian (shear-thinning) fluid flow appears well obeyed, and calculations within simplified models rationalize the data over variations in shear rate and viscosity of up to 3 decades.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figures; J. Phys. Condens. Matter to be published (Jan. 2003

    Competition between glass transition and liquid-gas separation in attracting colloids

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    We present simulation results addressing the phenomena of colloidal gelation induced by attractive interactions. The liquid-gas transition is prevented by the glass arrest at high enough attraction strength, resulting in a colloidal gel. The dynamics of the system is controlled by the glass, with little effect of the liquid-gas transition. When the system separates in a liquid and vapor phases, even if the denser phase enters the non-ergodic region, the vapor phase enables the structural relaxation of the system as a whole.Comment: Proceedings of the glass conference in Pisa (September 06

    Statistical mechanics derivation of hydrodynamic boundary conditions: the diffusion equation

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    Considering the example of interacting Brownian particles we present a linear response derivation of the boundary condition for the corresponding hydrodynamic description (the diffusion equation). This requires us to identify a non-analytic structure in a microscopic relaxation kernel connected to the frequency dependent penetration length familiar for diffusive processes, and leads to a microscopic definition of the position where the hydrodynamic boundary condition has to be applied. Corrections to the hydrodynamic limit are obtained and we derive general amplitudes of spatially and temporally long ranged states in the considered diffusive system.Comment: 15 pages; slightly revised and shortened version; J. Phys.: Condens. Matter in prin

    Flow curves of colloidal dispersions close to the glass transition: Asymptotic scaling laws in a schematic model of mode coupling theory

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    The flow curves, viz. the curves of stationary stress under steady shearing, are obtained close to the glass transition in dense colloidal dispersions using asymptotic expansions in a schematic model of mode coupling theory. The shear thinning of the viscosity in fluid states and the yielding of glassy states is discussed. At the transition between fluid and shear-molten glass, simple and generalized Herschel-Bulkley laws are derived with power law exponents that can be computed for different particle interactions from the equilibrium structure factor.Comment: 14 pages, 14 figures, 4 tables, Eur. Phys. J. E (submitted

    Tagged-particle dynamics in a hard-sphere system: mode-coupling theory analysis

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    The predictions of the mode-coupling theory of the glass transition (MCT) for the tagged-particle density-correlation functions and the mean-squared displacement curves are compared quantitatively and in detail to results from Newtonian- and Brownian-dynamics simulations of a polydisperse quasi-hard-sphere system close to the glass transition. After correcting for a 17% error in the dynamical length scale and for a smaller error in the transition density, good agreement is found over a wide range of wave numbers and up to five orders of magnitude in time. Deviations are found at the highest densities studied, and for small wave vectors and the mean-squared displacement. Possible error sources not related to MCT are discussed in detail, thereby identifying more clearly the issues arising from the MCT approximation itself. The range of applicability of MCT for the different types of short-time dynamics is established through asymptotic analyses of the relaxation curves, examining the wave-number and density-dependent characteristic parameters. Approximations made in the description of the equilibrium static structure are shown to have a remarkable effect on the predicted numerical value for the glass-transition density. Effects of small polydispersity are also investigated, and shown to be negligible.Comment: 20 pages, 23 figure

    Equations of structural relaxation

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    In the mode coupling theory of the liquid to glass transition the long time structural relaxation follows from equations solely determined by equilibrium structural parameters. The present extension of these structural relaxation equations to arbitrarily short times on the one hand allows calculations unaffected by model assumptions about the microscopic dynamics and on the other hand supplies new starting points for analytical studies. As a first application, power-law like structural relaxation at a glass-transition singularity is explicitly proven for a special schematic MCT model.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figures; talk given at the Seventh international Workshop on disordered Systems, Molveno, Italy, March 199
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