609 research outputs found

    Supersymmetric Intersecting D6-Branes and Fluxes in Massive Type IIA String Theory

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    We study N=1 supersymmetric four-dimensional solutions of massive Type IIA supergravity with intersecting D6-branes in the presence NS-NS three-form fluxes. We derive N=1 supersymmetry conditions for the D6-brane and flux configurations in an internal manifold X6 and derive the intrinsic torsion (or SU(3)-structure) related to the fluxes. In the absence of fluxes, N=1 supersymmetry implies that D6-branes wrap supersymmetric three-cycles of X6 that intersect at angles of SU(3) rotations and the geometry is deformed by SU(3)-structures. The presence of fluxes breaks the SU(3) structures to SU(2) and the D6-branes intersect at angles of SU(2) rotations; non-zero mass parameter corresponds to D8-branes which are orthogonal to the common cycle of all D6-branes. The anomaly inflow indicates that the gauge theory on intersecting (massive) D6-branes is not chiral

    Bent BPS domain walls of D=5 N=2 gauged supergravity coupled to hypermultiplets

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    Within D=5 N=2 gauged supergravity coupled to hypermultiplets we derive consistency conditions for BPS domain walls with constant negative curvature on the wall. For such wall solutions to exist, the covariant derivative of the projector, governing the constraint on the Killing spinor, has to be non-zero and proportional to the cosmological constant on the domain walls. We also prove that in this case solutions of the Killing spinor equations are solutions of the equations of motion. We present explicit, analytically solved examples of such domain walls, employing the universal hypermultiplet fields. These examples involve the running of two scalar fields and the space-time in the transverse direction that is cut off at a critical distance, governed by the magnitude of the negative cosmological constant on the wall.Comment: 18 pages, Late

    Scattering Theory for Open Quantum Systems

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    Quantum systems which interact with their environment are often modeled by maximal dissipative operators or so-called Pseudo-Hamiltonians. In this paper the scattering theory for such open systems is considered. First it is assumed that a single maximal dissipative operator ADA_D in a Hilbert space \sH is used to describe an open quantum system. In this case the minimal self-adjoint dilation K~\widetilde K of ADA_D can be regarded as the Hamiltonian of a closed system which contains the open system \{A_D,\sH\}, but since K~\widetilde K is necessarily not semibounded from below, this model is difficult to interpret from a physical point of view. In the second part of the paper an open quantum system is modeled with a family {A(μ)}\{A(\mu)\} of maximal dissipative operators depending on energy μ\mu, and it is shown that the open system can be embedded into a closed system where the Hamiltonian is semibounded. Surprisingly it turns out that the corresponding scattering matrix can be completely recovered from scattering matrices of single Pseudo-Hamiltonians as in the first part of the paper. The general results are applied to a class of Sturm-Liouville operators arising in dissipative and quantum transmitting Schr\"{o}dinger-Poisson systems

    Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps on bounded Lipschitz domains

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    The Dirichlet-to-Neumann map associated to an elliptic partial differential equation becomes multivalued when the underlying Dirichlet problem is not uniquely solvable. The main objective of this paper is to present a systematic study of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map and its inverse, the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map, in the framework of linear relations in Hilbert spaces. Our treatment is inspired by abstract methods from extension theory of symmetric operators, utilizes the general theory of linear relations and makes use of some deep results on the regularity of the solutions of boundary value problems on bounded Lipschitz domains

    Scattering matrices and Weyl functions

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    For a scattering system {AΘ,A0}\{A_\Theta,A_0\} consisting of selfadjoint extensions AΘA_\Theta and A0A_0 of a symmetric operator AA with finite deficiency indices, the scattering matrix \{S_\gT(\gl)\} and a spectral shift function ξΘ\xi_\Theta are calculated in terms of the Weyl function associated with the boundary triplet for AA^* and a simple proof of the Krein-Birman formula is given. The results are applied to singular Sturm-Liouville operators with scalar and matrix potentials, to Dirac operators and to Schr\"odinger operators with point interactions.Comment: 39 page

    Trace formulae for dissipative and coupled scattering systems

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    For scattering systems consisting of a (family of) maximal dissipative extension(s) and a selfadjoint extension of a symmetric operator with finite deficiency indices, the spectral shift function is expressed in terms of an abstract Titchmarsh-Weyl function and a variant of the Birman-Krein formula is proved.Comment: 38 page

    Domain Wall World(s)

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    Gravitational properties of domain walls in fundamental theory and their implications for the trapping of gravity are reviewed. In particular, the difficulties to embed gravity trapping configurations within gauged supergravity is reviewed and the status of the domain walls obtained via the breathing mode of sphere reduced Type IIB supergravity is presented.Comment: 11 pages, Based on talk given at Strings 2000 Minor corrections, references adde

    Superpotentials from flux compactifications of M-theory

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    In flux compactifications of M-theory a superpotential is generated whose explicit form depends on the structure group of the 7-dimensional internal manifold. In this note, we discuss superpotentials for the structure groups: G_2, SU(3) or SU(2). For the G_2 case all internal fluxes have to vanish. For SU(3) structures, the non-zero flux components entering the superpotential describe an effective 1-dimensional model and a Chern-Simons model if there are SU(2) structures.Comment: 10 page

    Time-dependent backgrounds from supergravity with gauged non-compact R-symmetry

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    We obtain a general class of time-dependent, asymptotically de Sitter backgrounds which solve the first order bosonic equations that extremize the action for supergravity with gauged non-compact RR-symmetry. These backgrounds correspond only to neutral fields with the correct sign of kinetic energy. Within N=2 five-dimensional supergravity with vector-superfields we provide examples of multi-centered charged black holes in asymptotic de Sitter space, whose spatial part is given by a time-dependent hyper-K\"ahler space. Reducing these backgrounds to four dimensions yields asymptotically de Sitter multi-centered charged black hole backgrounds and we show that they are related to an instanton configuration by a massive T-duality over time. Within N=2 gauged supergravity in four (and five)-dimensions with hyper-multiplets there could also be neutral cosmological backgrounds that are regular and correspond to the different de Sitter spaces at early and late times.Comment: 28 pages, Latex; minor changes and add reference
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