1,370 research outputs found

    Beyond the Standard Model

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    Six major frameworks have emerged attempting to describe particle physics beyond the Standard Model. Despite their different theoretical genera, these frameworks have a number of common phenomenological features and problems. While it will be possible (and desirable) to conduct model-independent searches for new physics at the LHC, it is equally important to develop robust methods to discriminate between BSM 'look-alikes'.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures, Lectures given at the 2009 European School of High-Energy Physics, Bautzen, Germany, 14-27 Jun 200

    The Standard Model: Alchemy and Astrology

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    An brief unconventional review of Standard Model physics, containing no plots.Comment: 12 pages, 0 figures, review talk from "Physics at LHC", Krakow, 3-8 July 200

    Moriond Electroweak 2006: Theory Summary

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    A concise look at the big picture of particle physics, including the status of the Standard Model, neutrinos, supersymmetry, extra dimensions and cosmology. Based upon the theoretical summary presented at the XLIst Rencontres de Moriond on Electroweak Interactions and Unified Theories, La Thuile, 11-18 March 2006.Comment: 12 pages, 5 figure

    New and Improved Superstring Phenomenology

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    Recent developments in string theory have important implications for cosmology. Topics discussed here are inflation, the cosmological constant, smoothing of cosmological singularities, and dark matter from parallel universes. Talk presented at the International Workshop on Particle Physics and the Early Universe (COSMO-98), 15-20 Nov, Asilomar, Monterey, CA.Comment: 9 page

    The Shape of Gravity

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    In a nontrivial background geometry with extra dimensions, gravitational effects will depend on the shape of the Kaluza-Klein excitations of the graviton. We investigate a consistent scenario of this type with two positive tension three-branes separated in a five-dimensional Anti-de Sitter geometry. The graviton is localized on the ``Planck'' brane, while a gapless continuum of additional gravity eigenmodes probe the {\it infinitely} large fifth dimension. Despite the background five-dimensional geometry, an observer confined to either brane sees gravity as essentially four-dimensional up to a position-dependent strong coupling scale, no matter where the brane is located. We apply this scenario to generate the TeV scale as a hierarchically suppressed mass scale. Arbitrarily light gravitational modes appear in this scenario, but with suppressed couplings. Real emission of these modes is observable at future colliders; the effects are similar to those produced by {\it six} large toroidal dimensions.Comment: 8 pages, 1 figur

    Homeotic Supersymmetry

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    It is commonly believed that unbroken supersymmetry (SUSY) implies that all members of a supermultiplet have the same mass. We demonstrate that this is not true, by exhibiting a simple counterexample. We employ the formalism of homeotic fermions, in a simple model where CPT conjugate fermions have different masses. This model can be supersymmetrized to a hypermultiplet of fields which form a representation of the conventional N=2 SUSY algebra. Nevertheless, CPT conjugate states in this hypermultiplet have different masses. These surprising results do not violate either the CPT theorem nor the Haag-Lopuszanski-Sohnius theorem.Comment: 4 pages, revte
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