3,577 research outputs found

    Prospects for top mass and properties measurements at the LHC

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    Top Physics prospects at the LHC are reviewed. A particular emphasis is put on the precision determination of the top mass, the strategies for single-top cross-section measurements and the potential for W boson and top polarizaton property measurements. This note is the adapted version of the article prepared for the HEP 2007 conference, Manchester, United Kingdom, 19-25 July 2007

    The Thorium Molten Salt Reactor : Moving on from the MSBR

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    A re-evaluation of the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor concept has revealed problems related to its safety and to the complexity of the reprocessing considered. A reflection is carried out anew in view of finding innovative solutions leading to the Thorium Molten Salt Reactor concept. Several main constraints are established and serve as guides to parametric evaluations. These then give an understanding of the influence of important core parameters on the reactor's operation. The aim of this paper is to discuss this vast research domain and to single out the Molten Salt Reactor configurations that deserve further evaluation.Comment: 11 pages, 8 figures, 6 table

    Fast Thorium Molten Salt Reactors started with Plutonium

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    One of the pending questions concerning Molten Salt Reactors based on the 232Th/233U fuel cycle is the supply of the fissile matter, and as a consequence the deployment possibilities of a fleet of Molten Salt Reactors, since 233U does not exist on earth and is not yet produced in the current operating reactors. A solution may consist in producing 233U in special devices containing Thorium, in Pressurized Water or Fast Neutrons Reactors. Two alternatives to produce 233U are examined here: directly in standard Molten Salt Reactors started with Plutonium as fissile matter and then operated in the Th/233U cycle; or in dedicated Molten Salt Reactors started and fed with Plutonium as fissile matter and Thorium as fertile matter. The idea is to design a critical reactor able to burn the Plutonium and the minor actinides presently produced in PWRs, and consequently to convert this Plutonium into 233U. A particular reactor configuration is used, called unique channel configuration in which there is no moderator in the core, leading to a quasi fast neutron spectrum, allowing Plutonium to be used as fissile matter. The conversion capacities of such Molten Salt Reactors are excellent. For Molten Salt Reactors only started with Plutonium, the assets of the Thorium fuel cycle turn out to be quickly recovered and the reactors characteristics turn out to be equivalent to Molten Salt Reactors operated with 233U only. Using a combination of Molten Salt Reactors started or operated with Plutonium and of Molten Salt Reactors started with 233U, the deployment capabilities of these reactors fully satisfy the condition of sustainability

    The OPERA experiment Target Tracker

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    The main task of the Target Tracker detector of the long baseline neutrino oscillation OPERA experiment is to locate in which of the target elementary constituents, the lead/emulsion bricks, the neutrino interactions have occurred and also to give calorimetric information about each event. The technology used consists in walls of two planes of plastic scintillator strips, one per transverse direction. Wavelength shifting fibres collect the light signal emitted by the scintillator strips and guide it to both ends where it is read by multi-anode photomultiplier tubes. All the elements used in the construction of this detector and its main characteristics are described.Comment: 25 pages, submitted to Nuclear Instrument and Method

    Le Thorium Molten Salt Reactor : Au-delĂ  du MSBR

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    La re-évaluation du concept de Molten Salt Breeder Reactor a fait apparaître des problèmes liés à la sûreté et à la complexité du retraitement. Une nouvelle réflexion est menée afin de trouver des solutions et ainsi d'aboutir au concept du Thorium Molten Salt Reactor. Plusieurs contraintes principales sont établies et vont servir de guides aux études paramétriques. Celles-ci permettent alors de comprendre l'influence de paramètres importants du coeur sur le comportement du réacteur. Le but de cet article est de présenter ce vaste domaine de recherche et d'indiquer quelles configurations intéressantes de Réacteurs à Sels Fondus peuvent être étudiées plus avant
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