21,387 research outputs found

    About the Power to Enforce and Prevent Consensus by Manipulating Communication Rules

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    We explore the possibilities of enforcing and preventing consensus in continuous opinion dynamics that result from modifications in the communication rules. We refer to the model of Weisbuch and Deffuant, where nn agents adjust their continuous opinions as a result of random pairwise encounters whenever their opinions differ not more than a given bound of confidence \eps. A high \eps leads to consensus, while a lower \eps leads to a fragmentation into several opinion clusters. We drop the random encounter assumption and ask: How small may \eps be such that consensus is still possible with a certain communication plan for the entire group? Mathematical analysis shows that \eps may be significantly smaller than in the random pairwise case. On the other hand we ask: How large may \eps be such that preventing consensus is still possible? In answering this question we prove Fortunato's simulation result that consensus cannot be prevented for \eps>0.5 for large groups. % Next we consider opinion dynamics under different individual strategies and examine their power to increase the chances of consensus. One result is that balancing agents increase chances of consensus, especially if the agents are cautious in adapting their opinions. However, curious agents increase chances of consensus only if those agents are not cautious in adapting their opinions.Comment: 21 pages, 6 figure

    Special Symplectic Connections

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    By a special symplectic connection we mean a torsion free connection which is either the Levi-Civita connection of a Bochner-K\"ahler metric of arbitrary signature, a Bochner-bi-Lagrangian connection, a connection of Ricci type or a connection with special symplectic holonomy. A manifold or orbifold with such a connection is called special symplectic. We show that the symplectic reduction of (an open cell of) a parabolic contact manifold by a symmetry vector field is special symplectic in a canonical way. Moreover, we show that any special symplectic manifold or orbifold is locally equivalent to one of these symplectic reductions. As a consequence, we are able to prove a number of global properties, including a classification in the compact simply connected case.Comment: 35 pages, no figures. Exposition improved, some minor errors corrected. Version to be published by Jour.Diff.Geo

    Stable Attracting Sets in Dynamical Systems and in Their One-Step Discretizations

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    We consider a dynamical system described by a system of ordinary differential equations which possesses a compact attracting set Λ of arbitrary shape. Under the assumption of uniform asymptotic stability of Λ in the sense of Lyapunov, we show that discretized versions of the dynamical system involving one-step numerical methods have nearby attracting sets Λ(h), which are also uniformly asymptotically stable. Our proof uses the properties of a Lyapunov function which characterizes the stability of Λ

    Extrinsically Immersed Symplectic Symmetric Spaces

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    Let (V, \Om) be a symplectic vector space and let \phi: M \ra V be a symplectic immersion. We show that ϕ(M)V\phi(M) \subset V is (locally) an extrinsic symplectic symmetric space (e.s.s.s.) in the sense of \cite{CGRS} if and only if the second fundamental form of ϕ\phi is parallel. Furthermore, we show that any symmetric space which admits an immersion as an e.s.s.s. also admits a {\em full} such immersion, i.e., such that ϕ(M)\phi(M) is not contained in a proper affine subspace of VV, and this immersion is unique up to affine equivalence. Moreover, we show that any extrinsic symplectic immersion of MM factors through to the full one by a symplectic reduction of the ambient space. In particular, this shows that the full immersion is characterized by having an ambient space VV of minimal dimension.Comment: 15 pages, version to be published by Annals of Global Analysis and Geometr

    Statistics of the General Circulation from Cumulant Expansions

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    Large-scale atmospheric flows may not be so nonlinear as to preclude their statistical description by systematic expansions in cumulants. I extend previous work by examining a two-layer baroclinic model of the general circulation. The fixed point of the cumulant expansion describes the statistically steady state of the out-of-equilibrium model. Equal-time statistics so obtained agree well with those accumulated by direct numerical simulation.Comment: 1 page paper with 4 figures that accompanies one of the winning entries in the APS gallery of nonlinear images competitio

    Meiotic recombination proteins localize to linear elements in Schizosaccharomyces pombe

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    Leak-rate of seals: effective medium theory and comparison with experiment

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    Seals are extremely useful devices to prevent fluid leakage. We present an effective medium theory of the leak-rate of rubber seals, which is based on a recently developed contact mechanics theory. We compare the theory with experimental results for seals consisting of silicon rubber in contact with sandpaper and sand-blasted PMMA surfaces.Comment: 8 pages, 11 figure
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