24 research outputs found

    Non-Unitarity vs sterile neutrinos at DUNE

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    Neutrino masses are one of the most promising open windows to physics beyond the Standard Model (SM). Several extensions of the SM which accommodate neutrino masses require the addition of right-handed neutrinos to its particle content. These extra fermions will either be kinematically accessible (sterile neutrinos) or not (deviations from Unitarity of the PMNS matrix) but at some point they will impact neutrino oscillation searches. We explore the differences and similitudes between the two cases and compare their present bounds with the expected sensitivities of DUNE. We conclude that Non-Unitarity (NU) effects are too constrained to impact present or near future neutrino oscillation facilities but that sterile neutrinos can play an important role at long baseline experiments.Comment: Talk and poster presented at NuPhys2016 (London, 12-14 December 2016). 8 pages, LaTeX, 4 eps figures. Based on arXiv:1609.0863

    Decoherence in neutrino propagation through matter, and bounds from IceCube/DeepCore

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    We revisit neutrino oscillations in matter considering the open quantum system framework which allows to introduce possible decoherence effects generated by New Physics in a phenomenological manner. We assume that the decoherence parameters γij\gamma_{ij} may depend on the neutrino energy, as γij=γij0(E/GeV)n\gamma_{ij}=\gamma_{ij}^{0}(E/\text{GeV})^n (n=0,±1,±2)(n = 0,\pm1,\pm2) . The case of non-uniform matter is studied in detail, both within the adiabatic approximation and in the more general non-adiabatic case. In particular, we develop a consistent formalism to study the non-adiabatic case dividing the matter profile into an arbitrary number of layers of constant densities. This formalism is then applied to explore the sensitivity of IceCube and DeepCore to this type of effects. Our study is the first atmospheric neutrino analysis where a consistent treatment of the matter effects in the three-neutrino case is performed in presence of decoherence. We show that matter effects are indeed extremely relevant in this context. We find that IceCube is able to considerably improve over current bounds in the solar sector (γ21\gamma_{21}) and in the atmospheric sector (γ31\gamma_{31} and γ32\gamma_{32}) for n=0,1,2n=0,1,2 and, in particular, by several orders of magnitude (between 3 and 9) for the n=1,2n=1,2 cases. For n=0n=0 we find γ32,γ31<4.0⋅10−24(1.3⋅10−24)\gamma_{32},\gamma_{31}< 4.0\cdot10^{-24} (1.3\cdot10^{-24}) GeV and γ21<1.3⋅10−24(4.1⋅10−24)\gamma_{21}<1.3\cdot10^{-24} (4.1\cdot10^{-24}) GeV, for normal (inverted) mass ordering.Comment: 31 pages, 8 figure

    Neutrino Observables from a U(2) Flavor Symmetry

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    We study the predictions for CP phases and absolute neutrino mass scale for broad classes of models with a U(2) flavor symmetry. For this purpose we consider the same special textures in neutrino and charged lepton mass matrices that are succesful in the quark sector. While in the neutrino sector the U(2) structure enforces two texture zeros, the contribution of the charged lepton sector to the PMNS matrix can be parametrized by two rotation angles. Restricting to the cases where at least one of these angles is small, we obtain three representative scenarios. In all scenarios we obtain a narrow prediction for the sum of neutrino masses in the range of 60−-75 meV, possibly in the reach of upcoming galaxy survey experiments. All scenarios can be excluded if near-future experimental date provide evidence for either neutrinoless double-beta decay or inverted neutrino mass ordering.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figure

    Neutrino observables from a U(2) flavor symmetry

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    We study the predictions for CP phases and absolute neutrino mass scale for broad classes of models with a U(2)-like flavor symmetry. For this purpose we consider the same special textures in neutrino and charged lepton mass matrices that are successful in the quark sector. While in the neutrino sector the U(2) structure enforces two texture zeros, the contribution of the charged lepton sector to the Pontecorvo-Maki–Nakagawa–Sakata (PMNS) matrix can be parametrized by two rotation angles. Restricting to the cases where at least one of these angles is small, we obtain three representative scenarios. In all scenarios we obtain a narrow prediction for the sum of neutrino masses in the range of 60–75 meV, possibly in the reach of upcoming galaxy survey experiments. All scenarios can be excluded if near-future experimental date provide evidence for either neutrinoless double-beta decay or inverted neutrino mass ordering

    Non-Unitarity, sterile neutrinos, and Non-Standard neutrino Interactions

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    The simplest Standard Model extension to explain neutrino masses involves the addition of right-handed neutrinos. At some level, this extension will impact neutrino oscillation searches. In this work we explore the differences and similarities between the case in which these neutrinos are kinematically accessible (sterile neutrinos) or not (mixing matrix non-unitarity). We clarify apparent inconsistencies in the present literature when using different parametrizations to describe these effects and recast both limits in the popular neutrino non-standard interaction (NSI) formalism. We find that, in the limit in which sterile oscillations are averaged out at the near detector, their effects at the far detector coincide with non-unitarity at leading order, even in presence of a matter potential. We also summarize the present bounds existing in both limits and compare them with the expected sensitivities of near future facilities taking the DUNE proposal as a benchmark. We conclude that non-unitarity effects are too constrained to impact present or near future neutrino oscillation facilities but that sterile neutrinos can play an important role at long baseline experiments. The role of the near detector is also discussed in detail.Comment: 19 pages, 2 figures: minor changes and references added, version published in JHE

    Relaxing Cosmological Neutrino Mass Bounds with Unstable Neutrinos

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    At present, cosmological observations set the most stringent bound on the neutrino mass scale. Within the standard cosmological model (Λ\LambdaCDM), the Planck collaboration reports ∑mν<0.12 eV\sum m_\nu < 0.12\,\text{eV} at 95% CL. This bound, taken at face value, excludes many neutrino mass models. However, unstable neutrinos, with lifetimes shorter than the age of the universe τν≲tU\tau_\nu \lesssim t_U, represent a particle physics avenue to relax this constraint. Motivated by this fact, we present a taxonomy of neutrino decay modes, categorizing them in terms of particle content and final decay products. Taking into account the relevant phenomenological bounds, our analysis shows that 2-body decaying neutrinos into BSM particles are a promising option to relax cosmological neutrino mass bounds. We then build a simple extension of the type I seesaw scenario by adding one sterile state ν4\nu_4 and a Goldstone boson ϕ\phi, in which νi→ν4 ϕ\nu_i \to \nu_4 \, \phi decays can loosen the neutrino mass bounds up to ∑mν∼1 eV\sum m_\nu \sim 1\,\text{eV}, without spoiling the light neutrino mass generation mechanism. Remarkably, this is possible for a large range of the right-handed neutrino masses, from the electroweak up to the GUT scale. We successfully implement this idea in the context of minimal neutrino mass models based on a U(1)μ−τU(1)_{\mu-\tau} flavor symmetry, which are otherwise in tension with the current bound on ∑mν\sum m_\nu.Comment: 22 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables, 7 appendices. v2: Matches published version. Minor upgrades: added appendix on BBN constraints on sterile neutrinos lighter than active neutrinos, added appendix discussing the potential amelioration of CMB neutrino decay bounds, refined discussion in Sec. 3, added discussion on decays within a gauge symmetry in Sec. 4. Results and conclusions remain unchange

    Summary report of MINSIS workshop in Madrid

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    Recent developments on tau detection technologies and the construction of high intensity neutrino beams open the possibility of a high precision search for non-standard {\mu} - {\tau} flavour transition with neutrinos at short distances. The MINSIS - Main Injector Non-Standard Interaction Search- is a proposal under discussion to realize such precision measurement. This document contains the proceedings of the workshop which took place on 10-11 December 2009 in Madrid to discuss both the physics reach as well as the experimental requirements for this proposal.Comment: Proceedings of the MINSIS Workshop, Dec 10-11, 2009 in Madrid. 15 pages late

    Neutrinoless double beta decay in seesaw models

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    We study the general phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay in seesaw models. In particular, we focus on the dependence of the neutrinoless double beta decay rate on the mass of the extra states introduced to account for the Majorana masses of light neutrinos. For this purpose, we compute the nuclear matrix elements as functions of the mass of the mediating fermions and estimate the associated uncertainties. We then discuss what can be inferred on the seesaw model parameters in the different mass regimes and clarify how the contribution of the light neutrinos should always be taken into account when deriving bounds on the extra parameters. Conversely, the extra states can also have a significant impact, cancelling the Standard Model neutrino contribution for masses lighter than the nuclear scale and leading to vanishing neutrinoless double beta decay amplitudes even if neutrinos are Majorana particles. We also discuss how seesaw models could reconcile large rates of neutrinoless double beta decay with more stringent cosmological bounds on neutrino masses.Comment: 34 pages, 5 eps figures and 1 axodraw figure. Final version published in JHEP. NME results available in Appendi

    Feebly-Interacting Particles:FIPs 2020 Workshop Report

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    With the establishment and maturation of the experimental programs searching for new physics with sizeable couplings at the LHC, there is an increasing interest in the broader particle and astrophysics community for exploring the physics of light and feebly-interacting particles as a paradigm complementary to a New Physics sector at the TeV scale and beyond. FIPs 2020 has been the first workshop fully dedicated to the physics of feebly-interacting particles and was held virtually from 31 August to 4 September 2020. The workshop has gathered together experts from collider, beam dump, fixed target experiments, as well as from astrophysics, axions/ALPs searches, current/future neutrino experiments, and dark matter direct detection communities to discuss progress in experimental searches and underlying theory models for FIPs physics, and to enhance the cross-fertilisation across different fields. FIPs 2020 has been complemented by the topical workshop "Physics Beyond Colliders meets theory", held at CERN from 7 June to 9 June 2020. This document presents the summary of the talks presented at the workshops and the outcome of the subsequent discussions held immediately after. It aims to provide a clear picture of this blooming field and proposes a few recommendations for the next round of experimental results.Comment: 240 pages, 71 figure
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