2,054 research outputs found

    The Pomeron and Odderon in elastic, inelastic and total cross sections at the LHC

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    A simple model for elastic diffractive hadron scattering, reproducing the dip-bump structure is used to analyze PP and PˉP\bar PP scattering. The main emphasis is on the delicate and non-trivial dynamics in the dip-bump region, near t=-1 GeV2^2. The simplicity of the model and the expected smallness of the absorption corrections enables one the control of various contributions to the scattering amplitude, in particular the interplay between the C-even and C-odd components of the amplitude, as well as their relative contribution, changing with s and t. The role of the non-linearity of the Regge trajectories is scrutinized. The ratio of the real to imaginary parts of the forward amplitude, the ratio of elastic to total cross sections and the inelastic cross section are calculated. Predictions for the LHC energy region, where most of the exiting models will be either confirmed or ruled out, are presented.Comment: 16 pages, 13 figures. Small correction. To be published in the International Journal of Modern Physics

    Study of the B +→ J / ψ Λ ¯ p decay in proton-proton collisions at √s = 8 TeV

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    A study of the B +→ J / ψ Λ ¯ p decay using proton-proton collision data collected at s = 8 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 fb−1, is presented. The ratio of branching fractions B(B+→J/ψΛ¯p)/B(B+→J/ψK∗(892)+) is measured to be (1.054 ± 0.057(stat) ± 0.035(syst) ± 0.011(B))%, where the last uncertainty reflects the uncertainties in the world-average branching fractions of Λ ¯ and K*(892) + decays to reconstructed final states. The invariant mass distributions of the J / ψ Λ ¯ , J/ψp, and Λ ¯ p systems produced in the B +→ J / ψ Λ¯ p decay are investigated and found to be inconsistent with the pure phase space hypothesis. The analysis is extended by using a model-independent angular amplitude analysis, which shows that the observed invariant mass distributions are consistent with the contributions from excited kaons decaying to the Λ ¯ p system. [Figure not available: see fulltext.