5,733 research outputs found

    Υ\Upsilon Polarization at HERA-BB

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    The production of Υ\Upsilon mesons in fixed target pNpN collisions is considered. It is shown that Non-Relativistic QCD predicts Υ\Upsilon states to be produced with sizeable transverse polarization. The possibility of a measurement of the Υ\Upsilon polarization at the HERA-BB experiment is discussed.Comment: 9 pages, LaTeX, with 3 eps figs included with epsfig.st

    Knudsen gas provides nanobubble stability

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    We provide a model for the remarkable stability of surface nanobubbles to bulk dissolution. The key to the solution is that the gas in a nanobubble is of Knudsen type. This leads to the generation of a bulk liquid flow which effectively forces the diffusive gas to remain local. Our model predicts the presence of a vertical water jet immediately above a nanobubble, with an estimated speed of 3.3m/s\sim3.3\,\mathrm{m/s}, in good agreement with our experimental atomic force microscopy measurement of 2.7m/s\sim2.7\,\mathrm{m/s}. In addition, our model also predicts an upper bound for the size of nanobubbles, which is consistent with the available experimental data

    Response maxima in time-modulated turbulence: Direct Numerical Simulations

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    The response of turbulent flow to time-modulated forcing is studied by direct numerical simulations of the Navier-Stokes equations. The large-scale forcing is modulated via periodic energy input variations at frequency ω\omega. The response is maximal for frequencies in the range of the inverse of the large eddy turnover time, confirming the mean-field predictions of von der Heydt, Grossmann and Lohse (Phys. Rev. E 67, 046308 (2003)). In accordance with the theory the response maximum shows only a small dependence on the Reynolds number and is also quite insensitive to the particular flow-quantity that is monitored, e.g., kinetic energy, dissipation-rate, or Taylor-Reynolds number. At sufficiently high frequencies the amplitude of the kinetic energy response decreases as 1/ω1/\omega. For frequencies beyond the range of maximal response, a significant change in phase-shift relative to the time-modulated forcing is observed.Comment: submitted to Europhysics Letters (EPL), 8 pages, 8 Postscript figures, uses epl.cl

    Observation of the Meissner effect with ultracold atoms in bosonic ladders

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    We report on the observation of the Meissner effect in bosonic flux ladders of ultracold atoms. Using artificial gauge fields induced by laser-assisted tunneling, we realize arrays of decoupled ladder systems that are exposed to a uniform magnetic field. By suddenly decoupling the ladders and projecting into isolated double wells, we are able to measure the currents on each side of the ladder. For large coupling strengths along the rungs of the ladder, we find a saturated maximum chiral current corresponding to a full screening of the artificial magnetic field. For lower coupling strengths, the chiral current decreases in good agreement with expectations of a vortex lattice phase. Our work marks the first realization of a low-dimensional Meissner effect and, furthermore, it opens the path to exploring interacting particles in low dimensions exposed to a uniform magnetic field

    Surface bubble nucleation phase space

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    Recent research has revealed several different techniques for nanoscopic gas nucleation on submerged surfaces, with findings seemingly in contradiction with each other. In response to this, we have systematically investigated the occurrence of surface nanobubbles on a hydrophobised silicon substrate for various different liquid temperatures and gas concentrations, which we controlled independently. We found that nanobubbles occupy a distinct region of this phase space, occurring for gas concentrations of approximately 100-110%. Below the nanobubble phase we did not detect any gaseous formations on the substrate, whereas micropancakes (micron wide, nanometer high gaseous domains) were found at higher temperatures and gas concentrations. We moreover find that supersaturation of dissolved gases is not a requirement for nucleation of bubbles.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Concurrent TNFRSF1A R92Q and pyrin E230K mutations in a child with multiple sclerosis

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    We report a 16-year-old female patient with a severe course of multiple sclerosis and concomitant symptoms suggestive of a hereditary autoinflammatory disease. Genetic analyses revealed that she inherited a TNFRSF1A R92Q mutation from her mother and a pyrin E230K mutation from her father. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with severe childhood multiple sclerosis and mutations in two genes which predispose to hereditary autoinflammatory disorders. We speculate that these mutations contribute to early multiple sclerosis manifestation and enhance the inflammatory damage inflicted by the autoimmune response
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