23 research outputs found

    Gambaran Histopatologik Lambung Tikus Wistar (Rattus Norvegicus) Yang Diberi Sari Buah Nenas (Ananas Comosus (L.) Merr) Setelah Induksi Asam Mefenamat

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    : Inflammation of the stomach can be caused by various factors, including the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs such as mefenamic acid. Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) merr) is a herbal remedy used to treat gastritis. Pineapple contains several nutrients such as vitamin C and bromelain enzyme that are efficacious as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. This study aimed to determine histopathological features of the gastric of wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) given pineapple juice after induction of mefenamic acid. This was an experimental study using 20 wistar rats divided into four groups; each group consisted of five rats. Group I (negative control) was given no treatment. Group II was induced with mefenamic acid 23.25 mg/day single dose for seven days. Group III was induced with mefenamic acid 23.25 mg/day single dose for seven days then was given no treatment during the next seven days. Group IV was induced with mefenamic acid 23.25 mg/day single dose for seven days then was administered with pineapple juice over the next seven days. Rats in group I and II were terminated on day-8 while those in groups III and IV were terminated on day-15. The results showed that the gastric tissue of rats in group IV had less inflammatory cells but more regenerating cells than those in group II and III. Conclusion: Histopathological features of the gaster of wistar rats treated with pineapple juice after the induction of mefenamic acid showed milder signs of acute gastritis and more prominent of cell regeneration/tissue recovery than those given no pineapple juice

    Gambaran Histopatologi Hati Mencit Swiss Yang Diberi Air Rebusan Sarang Semut (Mymercodia Pendans) Paska Induksi Dengan Carbon Tetrachlorida (Ccl4)

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    : Currently, many popular publication of sarang semut plants (Myrmecodia pendans) assumed can treat diseases includes : cancer, uric acid, liver, stroke, heart diseases, low back pain, allergic, as a tonic to increased libido. Based on chemical filtering test, known that sarang semut plants contains flavonoid and tannin. Flavonoid as a natural antioxidant that can act as hydroxyl radical pre reduction, super oxide, and peroxyl radical. In addition to contains 313 ppm tocopherol that transverse 95% free radical in 12 ppm concentration. Percentage of its inhibition constantly to highest consentration. This study aims to describe the liver histopathology Swiss Webster given by Myrmecodia pendans stew, after the mice were induced with CCl4. This research is an experimental research laboratory with a completely randomized design (CRD). A total of 20 male mice (Swiss Webster) were divided into 4 experimental groups (A, B, C, D). Each group consisted of 5 mice. Mice were given pellets and induction by carbon tetrachloride for 5 days. On the 6th day, given Myrmecodia pendans stew with dose of 0.24 cc / day and 0,48cc / day . Termination is done 2 times (each for 2 mice in one time termination). From the results, sarang semut stew (Mymercodia pendans) is able to repair damaged liver cells, although the mechanism of this still unknown. Generally, Mymercodia pendans believed to stimulate the proliferation of the liver cells and simultaneously neutralize free radicals produced by CCl4 that cause of liver cells demaged. Conclusion: Administration of sarang semut with dose of 0.24 cc / day for 10 and 14 days give effect to protect the liver and improve the process of liver cell damage. While giving sarang semut stew with dose of 0.48 cc / day for 14 days was found the presence of inflammatory cells and fatty liver

    Gambaran Histopatologik Hati Tikus Wistar Yang Diberi Ekstrak Daun Kelor (Moringa Oleifera) Setelah Diinduksi Karbon Tetraklorida (CCl4)

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    : Moringa (Moringa oleifera) is a traditional plant, which is known to treat liver disease. The effect of moringa is related to the antioxidant activity of its compounds such as quercetin and flavonoid silymarin which are useful as liver protector. Carbon tetraclorida is a hepatotoxic substance that is usually used as an inducer of liver damage in studies related to hepatoprotector activity of a substance. This study aimed to describe liver histopathological features of Wistar rats fed with moringa leaf extract after CCl4 induction. This was an experimental study using 24 Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) which were divided into 4 groups. Group A, the negative control, was terminated at day 6th, and the other groups (B, C, and D) were induced with CCl4 0.05 cc/day for 5 days. After CCl4 induction, group B were terminated at day 6th; group C was treated with moringa leaf extract 100 mg/day for 5 days and was terminated at day 11th; group D received no treatment for 5 days and was terminated at day 11th. The results showed that groups induced with CCl4 for 5 days showed the presence of inflammatory cells and fatty cells. The groups treated with moringa leaf extract 100mg/day for 5 days after CCl4 induction 0.05 cc/day exhibited regeneration of liver cells in nearly all lobules. Conclusion: Administration of moringa leaf extract of 100mg/day could accelerate liver cell regeneration of Wistar rats after induction of CCl4 0.05cc/day

    Gambaran Histopatologi Lambung Tikus Wistar Yang Diberi Cabe Rawit (Capsicum Frutescens)

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    Background: Capsaicin is one of the active substantial that can be found in Chili pepper and one of the irritant for mammal that causing the burning sensation. The discomfort sensation in the gastric by capsaicin can be caused because the Transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 that can be found in gastric is stimulated.Objective: To demonstrate the gastric that was administered with Chili pepper.Method: The study conducted on Integrated Research Laboratory Faculty of Medicine Sam Ratulangi University Manado from October 2012 to January 2013. The study used 17 wistars, which divided to 5 groups and last to 7 days. This study was using Chili pepper in 45mg, 90mg, 135mg, and 180mg to study the histological changes of wistar rat's gastric.Results: The result showed that the administration of 180mg dose of Chili pepper did not cause a meaningful damage. The administration in 90mg of Chili pepper did cause a great damage with many inflammation signs occurring.Conclusions: The administration of Chili pepper in little to moderate dose causing a greater damage than the administration of Chili pepper in high dose

    Gambaran Histopatologi Hati Tikus Wistar Yang Diberikan Boraks

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    : Borax is an ingredient that is widely used for industrial or antiseptic cleaning agents that are toxic, but borax is used as an additive ind foods and any experience accumulated in the liver that can cause liver disfumction. Methods: The aim of research is to see macroscopic and microscopic of live wistar rats were given different doses of borax. Rats were used as much as 10 animals were divided into 4 groups. The control group (K1) 1 rat, K2 ( borax 20mg), K3 (borax 30 mg), K4 (borax 40 mg) each of 3 rats by administration for 1,5 and 10 days. Result: The result showed the rats had grossly enlarged liver size, liver weight gain and blackish brown in the group given 40 mg of borax and microscopically, the cells were exposed to borax liver showed hydropic degeneration, proliferation fibrolas and fibrosis. From this study it can be concluded that the administraion of borax 20mg, 30mg, 40mg for 10 days caused fatty liver and mild fibrosis

    Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Kunyit Terhadap Gambaran Histopatologi Aorta Tikus Wistar (Rattus Novergicus) Hiperlipidemia

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    : Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory process that can be triggered by one of the risk factors of hyperlipidemia. This research was conducted to see the aorta associated with the provision of margarine that induce hyperlipidemia and administration of curcumin turmeric-containing compounds that act as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory. This research is experimental. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of extract of turmericon Wistar rat aorta histopathology induced hyperlipidemia with margarine. This study used 20 Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups, each group consisting of 4 rats. Group A (negative control group) is given only standard pellets, group B (positive control group) was given margarine 5gr/head /dayfor 28 days, group C was given margarine 5gr/head /day for 28 days followed by administration of standard pellets for 7 day, group D given margarine 5gr/head/day for 28 days followed by administration of turmeric extract 50 mg /head/day for 7 days, and group E are given margarine 5gr/head/day along with turmeric extract 50 mg/head/dayfor 28days. The results shows that microscopically visible aortic wall with foam cells in the tunica intima and tunica media in the positive control group and the administration of 50 mg of turmeric extract reduced foam cells. Conclusion: Turmeric extract showed foam cells in the intima and media less than that of margarine

    Gambaran Histopatologi Lambung Tikus Wistar (Rattus Norvegicus) Yang Diberikan Lengkuas (Alpinia Galanga Willd) Setelah Diinduksi Oleh Asam Mefenamat

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    : acute gastritis is an acute inflammatory process normally occurring in the mucosal lining of the stomach. This disease is caused by a variety of factors, one of which is the use of mefenamat acid in large doses. Previous research has revealed that galangal can be used to reduce acute inflammation. The objective of this research was to reveal the histopathological pictures of stomach of wistar rats that treatment with galangal after induce by mefenamat acid. This study is an experimental, employing 11 wistar rats which were assigned for four treatment groups. Group A was the control group in which the rats received no treatment. Rats in group B were administered mefenamat acid 10 mg for 7 days. In group C, the rats were also administered mefenamat acid 10 mg for 7 days and then received galangal distillation for 7 days. In group D, rats were administered mefenamat acid 10 mg for 7 days and then for 7 days without receiving anymore mefenamat acid or galangal distillation. Results showed that microscopic pictures of stomach of wistar rats in group C were presented with PMN inflammatory cells fewer than rats in group B and D. Conclusion: galangal can reduce PMN inflammatory cells in mucosal lining of the stomach exposed to mefenamat acid

    Gambaran Histopatologik Lambung Tikus Wistar (Rattus Norvegicus) Yang Diberi Perasan Umbi Bengkuang (Pachyrhizus Erosus (L) Urban) Setelah Induksi Aspirin

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    : Acute gastritis is an acute inflammation of the gastric mucosal and submucosal. This disease is caused by a variety of factors, one of which is the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin. Aspirin is one of the salicylate group that is irritating to the stomach. Yam stimulate the growth of epithelial cells also repair the surface of cells in the gastric mucosal. This research aims to describe histopathologic Wistar rats were given gastric juice yam tubers after induction aspirin. This is an experimental laboratory study conducted in September 2014 until January 2015 with a sample of 20 Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups. A group given no treatment. Group B was given aspirin 150 mg for 10 days. Group C was given aspirin 150 mg for 10 then given yam tuber juice for 3 days. Group D was given aspirin 150 mg for 10 days and then given pellets for 3 days. Results showed that microscopic pictures of stomach of wistar rats in group C were presented with PMN inflammatory cells fewer than rats in group B and D. Conclusion: Aspirin showed signs of acute gastritis and giving yam tuber juice of showed inflammation-inflammatory less than without giving juice of yam tubers
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