2,478 research outputs found

    Possibility to study eta-mesic nuclei and photoproduction of slow eta-mesons at the GRAAL facility

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    A new experiment is proposed with the aim to study eta-mesic nuclei and low-energy interactions of eta with nuclei. Two decay modes of eta produced by a photon beam inside a nucleus will be observed, namely a collisional decay \eta N \to \pi N inside the nucleus and the radiative decay \eta \to \gamma \gamma outside. In addition, a collisional decay of stopped S_{11}(1535) resonance inside the nucleus, S_{11}(1535) N \to N N, will be studied. The experiment can be performed using the tagged photon beam at ESRF with the end-point energy 1000 MeV and the GRAAL detector which includes a high-resolution BGO calorimeter and a large acceptance lead-scintillator time-of-flight wall. Some results of simulation and estimates of yields are given.Comment: 20 pages, 19 figure


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    Heavy residue velocity spectra of 12C, 20Ne, 40Ar + 124Sn reactions induced in the 10-84 MeV/nucleon energy range have been measured between 0¬į and 10¬į. Asymmetric incomplete fusion process calculations are in agreement with the data

    Baryon resonances and polarization transfer in hyperon photoproduction

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    A partial wave analysis is presented of data on photoproduction of hyperons including single and double polarization observables. The large spin transfer probability reported by the CLAS collaboration can be successfully described with an isobar partial wave analysis.Comment: 12 pages, 9 figure

    Eta photoproduction on the neutron at GRAAL: Measurement of the differential cross section

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    In this contribution, we will present our first preliminary measurement of the differential cross section for the reaction gamma+n->eta+n. Comparison of the reactions gamma+p->eta+p for free and bound proton (D2 target) will also be discussed.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Meson-Nucleon Physics and the Structure of the Nucleon, August 29-September 4 2004, Beijing, Chin

    Lowering the Light Speed Isotropy Limit: European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Measurements

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    The measurement of the Compton edge of the scattered electrons in GRAAL facility in European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble with respect to the Cosmic Microwave Background dipole reveals up to 10 sigma variations larger than the statistical errors. We now show that the variations are not due to the frequency variations of the accelerator. The nature of Compton edge variations remains unclear, thus outlining the imperative of dedicated studies of light speed anisotropy

    A new limit on the light speed isotropy from the GRAAL experiment at the ESRF

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    When the electrons stored in the ring of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF, Grenoble) scatter on a laser beam (Compton scattering in flight) the lower energy of the scattered electron spectra, the Compton Edge (CE), is given by the two body photon-electron relativistic kinematics and depends on the velocity of light. A precision measurement of the position of this CE as a function of the daily variations of the direction of the electron beam in an absolute reference frame provides a one-way test of Relativistic Kinematics and the isotropy of the velocity of light. The results of GRAAL-ESRF measurements improve the previously existing one-way limits, thus showing the efficiency of this method and the interest of further studies in this direction.Comment: Proceed. MG12 meeting, Paris, July, 200

    Measurement of eta photoproduction on the proton from threshold to 1500 MeV

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    Beam asymmetry and differential cross section for the reaction gamma+p->eta+p were measured from production threshold to 1500 MeV photon laboratory energy. The two dominant neutral decay modes of the eta meson, eta->2g and eta->3pi0, were analyzed. The full set of measurements is in good agreement with previously published results. Our data were compared with three models. They all fit satisfactorily the results but their respective resonance contributions are quite different. The possible photoexcitation of a narrow state N(1670) was investigated and no evidence was found.Comment: 18 pages, 14 figures, 4 tables Submitted to EPJ

    Limits on light-speed anisotropies from Compton scattering of high-energy electrons

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    The possibility of anisotropies in the speed of light relative to the limiting speed of electrons is considered. The absence of sidereal variations in the energy of Compton-edge photons at the ESRF's GRAAL facility constrains such anisotropies representing the first non-threshold collision-kinematics study of Lorentz violation. When interpreted within the minimal Standard-Model Extension, this result yields the two-sided limit of 1.6 x 10^{-14} at 95% confidence level on a combination of the parity-violating photon and electron coefficients kappa_{o+} and c. This new constraint provides an improvement over previous bounds by one order of magnitude.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Precise Measurement of Sigma Beam Asymmetry for Positive Pion Photoproduction on the Proton from 800 to 1500 Mev

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    The Sigma beam asymmetry for positive pion photoproduction on the proton has been measured over an angular range of 40-170 deg at photon energies from 0.8 to 1.5 GeV. The resulting data set includes 237 accurate points, 136 of these belonging to an almost unexplored domain above 1.05 GeV. Data of such high precision provide severe constraints for partial wave analyses. The influence of this experiment on the GW multipole analysis is demonstrated. Significant changes are found in multipoles connected to the S31(1620) and P13(1720) resonances. Comparisons using the MAID analysis are also presented.Comment: 11 pages, 4 eps figures. to be published in Physics Letters

    Differential cross section measurement of eta photoproduction on the proton from threshold to 1100 MeV

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    The differential cross section for the reaction p(gamma, eta p) has been measured from threshold to 1100 MeV photon laboratory energy. For the first time, the region of the S11(1535) resonance is fully covered in a photoproduction experiment and allows a precise extraction of its parameters at the photon point. Above 1000 MeV, S-wave dominance vanishes while a P-wave contribution is observed whose nature will have to be clarified. These high precision data together with the already measured beam asymmetry data will provide stringent constraints on the extraction of new couplings of baryon resonances to the eta meson.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures, submitted to Phys. Letters B. Typos corrected. Some more information on the S11(1535) parameter
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