242,821 research outputs found

    A Robust Image Hashing Algorithm Resistant Against Geometrical Attacks

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    This paper proposes a robust image hashing method which is robust against common image processing attacks and geometric distortion attacks. In order to resist against geometric attacks, the log-polar mapping (LPM) and contourlet transform are employed to obtain the low frequency sub-band image. Then the sub-band image is divided into some non-overlapping blocks, and low and middle frequency coefficients are selected from each block after discrete cosine transform. The singular value decomposition (SVD) is applied in each block to obtain the first digit of the maximum singular value. Finally, the features are scrambled and quantized as the safe hash bits. Experimental results show that the algorithm is not only resistant against common image processing attacks and geometric distortion attacks, but also discriminative to content changes

    Wideband wattmeter for instant measurement of real power

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    Portable, solid state wattmeter with wideband (dc to 1 MHz) linear multiplier which provides true four quadrant operation permitting instantaneous indication of real power as oscilloscope display is described

    Spectral pairs, Alexander modules, and boundary manifolds

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    Disorder effects on the spin-Hall current in a diffusive Rashba two-dimensional heavy-hole system

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    We investigate the spin-Hall effect in a two-dimensional heavy-hole system with Rashba spin-orbit coupling using a nonequilibrium Green's function approach. Both the short- and long-range disorder scatterings are considered in the self-consistent Born approximation. We find that, in the case of long-range collisions, the disorder-mediated process leads to an enhancement of the spin-Hall current at high heavy-hole density, whereas for short-range scatterings it gives a vanishing contribution. This result suggests that the recently observed spin-Hall effect in experiment is a result of the sum of the intrinsic and disorder-mediated contributions. We have also calculated the temperature dependence of spin-Hall conductivity, which reveals a decrease with increasing the temperature.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, Typos in the values of hole density correcte
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