938 research outputs found

    Recent structural insights into the function of copper nitrite reductases.

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    Copper nitrite reductases (CuNiR) carry out the first committed step of the denitrification pathway of the global nitrogen cycle, the reduction of nitrite (NO2(-)) to nitric oxide (NO). As such, they are of major agronomic and environmental importance. CuNiRs occur primarily in denitrifying soil bacteria which carry out the overall reduction of nitrate to dinitrogen. In this article, we review the insights gained into copper nitrite reductase (CuNiR) function from three dimensional structures. We particularly focus on developments over the last decade, including insights from serial femtosecond crystallography using X-ray free electron lasers (XFELs) and from the recently discovered 3-domain CuNiRs

    Observation of the Bc+_\mathrm{c}^+ Meson in Pb-Pb and pp Collisions at sNN\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.02 TeV and Measurement of its Nuclear Modification Factor

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    The Bc+_\mathrm{c}^+ meson is observed for the first time in heavy ion collisions. Data from the CMS detector are used to study the production of the Bc+_\mathrm{c}^+ meson in lead-lead (Pb-Pb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of sNN\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.02 TeV , via the Bc+_\mathrm{c}^+ → (J/ψ → ÎŒ+^+Ό−^−)ÎŒ+^+ΜΌ_ÎŒ decay. The Bc+_\mathrm{c}^+ nuclear modification factor, derived from the PbPb-to-pp ratio of production cross sections, is measured in two bins of the trimuon transverse momentum and of the PbPb collision centrality. The Bc+_\mathrm{c}^+meson is shown to be less suppressed than quarkonia and most of the open heavy-flavor mesons, suggesting that effects of the hot and dense nuclear matter created in heavy ion collisions contribute to its production. This measurement sets forth a promising new probe of the interplay of suppression and enhancement mechanisms in the production of heavy-flavor mesons in the quark-gluon plasma

    Search for invisible decays of the Higgs boson produced via vector boson fusion in proton-proton collisions at s\sqrt{s} = 13 TeV