2,379 research outputs found

    Spin correlations in top physics at ATLAS and CMS in Run 2

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    Measurements of ttňČ\mathrm{t\bar{t}} spin correlations are presented in events with top quarks produced in pp\mathrm{pp} collisions at the LHC. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36‚ÄÖfb‚ąí136\:\mathrm{fb^{-1}} at s=13‚ÄÖTeV\sqrt{s}=13\:\mathrm{TeV} collected at both the ATLAS and CMS detectors. The spin correlations are measured using the angular distributions of the leptons in dilepton channel ttňČ\mathrm{t\bar{t}} events. The spin correlations are probed both directly, using distributions measured in the top quark rest frames that depend only on the top quark spin, and indirectly, using distributions measured in the laboratory frame. The distributions are unfolded to the parton level and extrapolated to the full phase space. Some of the laboratory frame distributions are additionally unfolded to the particle level in the fiducial phase space of the ATLAS detector. The spin correlation measurements are used to search for new physics in the form of a light top squark or an anomalous top quark chromo-magnetic dipole moment, and stringent constraints are placed in both cases.Comment: Contribution to the 2019 EW session of the 54th Rencontres de Morion

    A Roadmap for HEP Software and Computing R&D for the 2020s

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    Particle physics has an ambitious and broad experimental programme for the coming decades. This programme requires large investments in detector hardware, either to build new facilities and experiments, or to upgrade existing ones. Similarly, it requires commensurate investment in the R&D of software to acquire, manage, process, and analyse the shear amounts of data to be recorded. In planning for the HL-LHC in particular, it is critical that all of the collaborating stakeholders agree on the software goals and priorities, and that the efforts complement each other. In this spirit, this white paper describes the R&D activities required to prepare for this software upgrade.Peer reviewe

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton‚Äďproton collisions at ‚ąös = 7 TeV

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    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb[superscript ‚ąí1]. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.United States. Dept. of EnergyNational Science Foundation (U.S.)Alfred P. Sloan Foundatio

    Juxtaposing BTE and ATE ‚Äď on the role of the European insurance industry in funding civil litigation