109 research outputs found

    Cumulants of the chiral order parameter at lower RHIC energies

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    We study cumulants of the chiral order parameter as function of beam energy as a possible signal for the presence of a critical end point and first-order phase transition in the QCD phase diagram. We model the expansion of a heavy-ion collision by a fluid dynamic expansion coupled to the explicit propagation of the chiral order parameter sigma via a Langevin equation. We evolve the medium until a parametrized freeze-out condition is met where we calculate event-by-event fluctuations and cumulants of sigma which are expected to follow the trend of net-proton number cumulants. We emphasize the role of a nonequilibrium first-order phase transition: The presence of an unstable phase causes the well-known bending of the trajectories in the space of temperature and baryochemical potential. For these cases at lower beam energies, the system crosses the freeze-out line more than once, allowing us to calculate a range of cumulants for each initial condition which are overall enhanced for the second hit of the freeze-out line. We thus find not only the critical end point but also the phase transition of the underlying model clearly reflected in the cumulants. The impact of volume fluctuations is demonstrated to play a measurable role for fluid dynamical evolutions that last significantly long.Comment: 14 pages, 4 figures, ICNFP 2021. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2204.0028

    PcP_c Resonances in the Compact Pentaquark Picture

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    PcP_c resonances are studied in the approach of quark model and group theory. It is found that there are totally 17 possible pentaquark states with the quark contents q3QQˉq^3Q \bar Q (qq are uu and dd quarks; QQ is cc quark) in the compact pentaquark picture, where the hidden heavy pentaquark states may take the color singlet-singlet ([111]qqq[111]ccˉ[111]_{{qqq}}\otimes [111]_{{c \bar c}}) and color octet-octet ([21]qqq[21]ccˉ[21]_{{qqq}}\otimes [21]_{{c \bar c}}) configurations. The partial decay widths of hidden heavy pentaquark states are calculated for all possible decay channels. The results show that the pJ/ψpJ/\psi is the dominant decay channel for both the spin 3/23/2 and 1/21/2 pentaquark states, and indicate that the Pc(4440)P_c(4440) may not be a compact pentaquark state while Pc(4312)P_c(4312) and Pc(4457)P_c(4457) could be the spin-12\frac{1}{2} and spin-32\frac{3}{2} pentaquark states, respectively.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figure

    Determination of parameters of a potential model for tetraquark study by studying all S-wave mesons

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    The masses of low-lying S-wave mesons are evaluated in a constituent quark model (CQM) where the Cornell-like potential and one-gluon exchange spin-spin interaction are employed. To make the model applicable to both the light and heavy quark sectors, we introduce mass-dependent coupling coefficients. There are four free parameters in the model, which are determined by comparing the theoretical results with experimental data. The established model with one set of parameters may be applied to study higher excited meson states as well as multiquark systems in both the light and heavy quark sectors

    PcP_c states in the mixture of molecular and pentaquark pictures

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    We systematically study hidden charm pentaquark states in the constituent quark model with a general Hamiltonian for multiquark systems, considering the coupling between the Σc()Dˉ()\Sigma_c^{(*)}\bar{D}^{(*)} molecular states and the q3ccˉq^3c\bar c compact pentaquark states by the one-gluon exchange hyperfine interaction. The ground state hidden-charm pentaquark mass spectra and the strong decay widths are calculated. This work suggests that Pc(4312)P_c(4312), Pc(4457)P_c(4457) and Pc(4380)P_c(4380) resonances might be mainly ΣcDˉ\Sigma_c \bar D, ΣcDˉ\Sigma_c \bar D^* and ΣcDˉ\Sigma_c^* \bar D hadronic molecules respectively, and Pc(4440)P_c(4440) might include sizable pentaquark components