198 research outputs found

    New archidermapteran earwigs (Dermaptera) from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia, China

    Get PDF
    Two new species of Archidermaptera are described and figured from the Middle Jurassic Jiulonghsan Formation of Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China. Aneuroderma oiodes gen. & sp. nov. is described in the family Protodiplatyidae and Sinopalaeodermata concavum sp. nov. is established in the family Dermapteridae. Both new species share the typical characters of the extinct suborder Archidermaptera (e.g., pentamerous metatarsi, filiform and multimerous cerci, externalized ovipositor). Aneuroderma gen. nov. is compared with other genera of the Protodiplatyidae, while S. concavum sp. nov. allows us to emend the diagnosis of the genus Sinopalaeodermata. We briefly discuss the diversity of Archidermaptera and challenges to understanding relationships among this mid-Mesozoic diversity

    OR-009 The expression and roles of lncRNAs in the regeneration of skeletal muscle contusion

    Get PDF
    Objective In recent years, Accumulating evidence from myoblast differentiation in vitro, cardiotoxin (CTX)-mediated injury or mdx mice suggested that some lncRNAs such as Malat1, H19, linc-MD1, linc-YY1, Sirt1 AS and lnc-mg may modulate myogenesis and muscle regeneration. However, the change of lncRNAs in skeletal muscle contusion and their possible roles are still unclear. We hypothesize that the lncRNAs may be involved in the repair of skeletal muscle contusion. Methods Forty C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into two groups, uninjured control group (group C) and muscle contusion group (group S). The mice of group S suffered from contusion injury. All the mice were killed to harvest gastrocnemius at 3, 6, 12 and 24 days post-injury. The gene expression were detected by PCR technique. Gastrocnemius were stained with H & E to evaluate the general morphology. Data were analyzed by One-way analysis of variance, with statistical significance being set at p ≤ 0.05. Results The expression levels of linc-MD1 and Sirt1 AS were significantly higher than that of the uninjured control group at 3, 6 and 12 days post-injury (p<0.01). And Malat1 was highly expressed in the skeletal muscle of the muscle contusion group at 3 days post-injury and continuously up-regulated at 6 days (p<0.01). Moreover, linc-YY1 and H19 were all elevated significantly at 6 days (all p<0.01), but their gene expression levels did not change significantly at 3, 12 and 24 days post-injury, as compared to the uninjured control group. Furthermore, lnc-mg mRNA level did not change significantly in the whole process of regeneration after muscle contusion except the time point of 12 days post-injury which decreased significantly (p<0.01). The expression of myogenic regulatory factors (MyoD, myogenin, myf5, myf6) were studied, they were all elevated significantly at 3 and 6 days (all p<0.01; except myogenin ), and returned to normal at 24 days post-injury, as compared to the uninjured control group. Meanwhile, Pearson correlations showed that there was an correlation between lincRNAs and myogenic regulatory factors mentioned above. Conclusions The expression of myogenic regulatory factors increased significantly after muscle contusion. Meanwhile, varieties of lncRNAs (Malat1, H19, lnc-mg, linc-MD1, linc-YY1, Sirt1 AS) were also up-regulated. Moreover, there was correlation between lncRNAs and myogenic regulatory factors for skeletal muscle regeneration. These results suggest that lncRNAs may play important roles in the regeneration of skeletal muscle contusion

    In silico method for systematic analysis of feature importance in microRNA-mRNA interactions

    Get PDF
    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>MicroRNA (miRNA), which is short non-coding RNA, plays a pivotal role in the regulation of many biological processes and affects the stability and/or translation of mRNA. Recently, machine learning algorithms were developed to predict potential miRNA targets. Most of these methods are robust but are not sensitive to redundant or irrelevant features. Despite their good performance, the relative importance of each feature is still unclear. With increasing experimental data becoming available, research interest has shifted from higher prediction performance to uncovering the mechanism of microRNA-mRNA interactions.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Systematic analysis of sequence, structural and positional features was carried out for two different data sets. The dominant functional features were distinguished from uninformative features in single and hybrid feature sets. Models were developed using only statistically significant sequence, structural and positional features, resulting in area under the receiver operating curves (AUC) values of 0.919, 0.927 and 0.969 for one data set and of 0.926, 0.874 and 0.954 for another data set, respectively. Hybrid models were developed by combining various features and achieved AUC of 0.978 and 0.970 for two different data sets. Functional miRNA information is well reflected in these features, which are expected to be valuable in understanding the mechanism of microRNA-mRNA interactions and in designing experiments.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Differing from previous approaches, this study focused on systematic analysis of all types of features. Statistically significant features were identified and used to construct models that yield similar accuracy to previous studies in a shorter computation time.</p

    PL-003 BMSCs transplantation aggravate inflammation, oxidative stress, fibrosis and impair skeletal muscle regeneration

    Get PDF
    Objective Skeletal muscle contusion is one of the most common muscle injury in sports medicine and traumatology. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation is a promising strategy for muscle regeneration. However, the roles of BMSCs, especially the mechanisms involved, in the regeneration of contused skeletal muscle are still not fully recognized. The aim of the study is to evaluate the potential of BMSCs transplantation for muscle regeneration and mechanisms involved after contusion. Methods Ninety-nine C57BL/6J mice were divided into three groups: control group (n=11), muscle contusion and BMSCs treated group (n=44), muscle contusion and sham treated group (n=44). BMSCs were immediately transplanted into gastrocnemius muscles (GMs) following direct contusion. At different time points (3, 6, 12 and 24 days) post-injury, the animals were killed and then GMs were harvested. Morphological and gene expression analyses were used to elevate the effect of BMSCs transplantation and mechanisms involved. Results The results indicate that BMSCs transplantation impairs muscle regeneration, as well as more fibrotic scar formation after skeletal muscle contusion. Furthermore, macrophages, inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, matrix metalloproteinases and oxidative stress related enzymes were significantly increased after BMSCs transplantation. These results suggest that BMSCs transplantation impairs skeletal muscle regeneration and that macrophages, inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, matrix metalloproteinases and oxidative stress related enzymes may be involved in the process. Conclusions BMSCs transplantation aggravates inflammation, oxidative stress and fibrosis, and impairs skeletal muscle regeneration, which shed new light on the role of BMSCs in regenerative medicine and cautions the application of BMSCs for muscle injury

    BMSC Transplantation Aggravates Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, and Fibrosis and Impairs Skeletal Muscle Regeneration

    Get PDF
    Skeletal muscle contusion is one of the most common muscle injuries in sports medicine and traumatology. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation has been proposed as a promising strategy to promote skeletal muscle regeneration. However, the roles and underlying mechanisms of BMSCs in the regulation of skeletal muscle regeneration are still not completely clear. Here, we investigated the role of BMSC transplantation after muscle contusion. BMSCs were immediately transplanted into gastrocnemius muscles (GMs) following direct contusion. Comprehensive morphological and genetic analyses were performed after BMSC transplantation. BMSC transplantation exacerbated muscle fibrosis and inflammation, as evidenced by increased leukocyte and macrophage infiltration, increased inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and increased matrix metalloproteinases. BMSC transplantation also increased muscle oxidative stress. Overall, BMSC transplantation aggravated inflammation, oxidative stress and fibrosis and impaired skeletal muscle regeneration. These results, shed new light on the role of BMSCs in regenerative medicine and indicate that caution is needed in the application of BMSCs for muscle injury

    Ambient PM exposure and DNA methylation in tumor suppressor genes: a cross-sectional study

    Get PDF
    Exposure to ambient air particles matter (PM) has been associated with increased risk of lung cancer. Aberrant tumor suppressor gene promoter methylation has emerged as a promising biomarker for cancers, including lung cancer. Whether exposure to PM is associated with peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) DNA methylation in tumor suppressor genes has not been evaluated. In 63 male healthy steel workers with well-characterized exposure to metal-rich particles nearby Brescia, Italy, we evaluated whether exposure to PM and metal components was associated with PBL DNA methylation in 4 tumor suppressor genes (i.e., APC, p16, p53 and RASSF1A). Blood samples were obtained on the 1st (baseline) and 4th day (post-exposure) of the same work week and DNA methylation was measured using pyrosequencing. A linear mixed model was used to examine the correlations of the exposure with promoter methylation levels. Mean promoter DNA methylation levels of APC or p16 were significantly higher in post-exposure samples compared to that in baseline samples (p-values = 0.005 for APC, and p-value = 0.006 for p16). By contrast, the mean levels of p53 or RASSF1A promoter methylation was decreased in post-exposure samples compared to that in baseline samples (p-value = 0.015 for p53; and p-value < 0.001 for RASSF1A). In post-exposure samples, APC methylation was positively associated with PM10 (β = 0.27, 95% CI: 0.13-0.40), and PM1 (β = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.09-0.38). In summary, ambient PM exposure was associated with PBL DNA methylation levels of tumor suppressor genes of APC, p16, p53 and RASSF1A, suggesting that such methylation alterations may reflect processes related to PM-induced lung carcinogenesis

    CCNF is a potential pancancer biomarker and immunotherapy target

    Get PDF
    BackgroundCCNF catalyzes the transfer of ubiquitin molecules from E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes to target proteins, thereby regulating the G1/S or G2/M transition of tumor cells. Thus far, CCNF expression and its potential as a pancancer biomarker and immunotherapy target have not been reported.MethodsTCGA datasets and the R language were used to analyze the pancancer gene expression, protein expression, and methylation levels of CCNF; the relationship of CCNF expression with overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), immune matrix scores, sex and race; and the mechanisms for posttranscriptional regulation of CCNF.ResultsCCNF expression analysis showed that CCNF mRNA expression was higher in cancer tissues than in normal tissues in the BRCA, CHOL, COAD, ESCA, HNSC, LUAD, LUSC, READ, STAD, and UCEC; CCNF protein expression was also high in many cancer tissues, indicating that it could be an important predictive factor for OS and RFS. CCNF overexpression may be caused by CCNF hypomethylation. CCNF expression was also found to be significantly different between patients grouped based on sex and race. Overexpression of CCNF reduces immune and stromal cell infiltration in many cancers. Posttranscriptional regulation analysis showed that miR-98-5p negatively regulates the expression of the CCNF gene.ConclusionCCNF is overexpressed across cancers and is an adverse prognostic factor in terms of OS and RFS in many cancers; this phenomenon may be related to hypomethylation of the CCNF gene, which could lead to cancer progression and worsen prognosis. In addition, CCNF expression patterns were significantly different among patients grouped by sex and race. Its overexpression reduces immune and stromal cell infiltration. miR-98-5p negatively regulates CCNF gene expression. Hence, CCNF is a potential pancancer biomarker and immunotherapy target

    Inhalable particulate matter and mitochondrial DNA copy number in highly exposed individuals in Beijing, China: a repeated-measure study

    Get PDF
    Background: Mitochondria are both a sensitive target and a primary source of oxidative stress, a key pathway of air particulate matter (PM)-associated diseases. Mitochondrial DNA copy number (MtDNAcn) is a marker of mitochondrial damage and malfunctioning. We evaluated whether ambient PM exposure affects MtDNAcn in a highly-exposed population in Beijing, China. Methods: The Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study was conducted shortly before the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games (June 15-July 27, 2008) and included 60 truck drivers and 60 office workers. Personal PM2.5 and elemental carbon (EC, a tracer of traffic particles) were measured during work hours using portable monitors. Post-work blood samples were obtained on two different days. Ambient PM10 was averaged from 27 monitoring stations in Beijing. Blood MtDNAcn was determined by real-time PCR and examined in association with particle levels using mixed-effect models. Results: In all participants combined, MtDNAcn was negatively associated with personal EC level measured during work hours (β=−0.059, 95% CI: -0.011; -0.0006, p=0.03); and 5-day (β=−0.017, 95% CI: -0.029;-0.005, p=0.01) and 8-day average ambient PM10 (β=−0.008, 95% CI: -0.043; -0.008, p=0.004) after adjusting for possible confounding factors, including study groups. MtDNAcn was also negatively associated among office workers with EC (β=−0.012, 95% CI: -0.022;-0.002, p=0.02) and 8-day average ambient PM10 (β=−0.030, 95% CI: -0.051;-0.008, p=0.007). Conclusions: We observed decreased blood MtDNAcn in association with increased exposure to EC during work hours and recent ambient PM10 exposure. Our results suggest that MtDNAcn may be influenced by particle exposures. Further studies are required to determine the roles of MtDNAcn in the etiology of particle-related diseases
    corecore