7,466 research outputs found

    Measuring attitude toward theistic faith : assessing the Astley-Francis Scale among Christian, Muslim and secular youth in England

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    Empirical research within the social scientific study of religion in general and within the psychology of religion in particular remains very conscious of the complex nature of its subject matter. Empirical research in this field needs to take cognisance of the many forms in which religion is expressed (say, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Sikhism) and the many facets within the forms (say, beliefs, behaviours and affiliation). Working in the 1970s, Francis (1978a; 1978b) advanced the view that the attitudinal dimension of religion offered a particularly fruitful basis for coordinating empirical enquiry into the correlates, antecedents and consequences of religiosity across the life span

    The Williams Scale of Attitude toward Paganism: development and application among British Pagans

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    This article builds on the tradition of attitudinal measures of religiosity established by Leslie Francis and colleagues with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity (and reflected in the Sahin-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Islam, the Katz-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism, and the Santosh-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Hinduism) by introducing a new measure to assess the attitudinal disposition of Pagans. A battery of items was completed by 75 members of a Pagan Summer Camp. These items were reduced to produce a 21-item scale that measured aspects of Paganism concerned with: the God/Goddess, worshipping, prayer, and coven. The scale recorded an alpha coefficient of 0.93. Construct validity of the Williams Scale of Attitude toward Paganism was demonstrated by the clear association with measures of participation in private rituals

    Prayer and psychological health: a study among sixth-form pupils attending Catholic and Protestant schools in Northern Ireland

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    Eysenck's dimensional model of personality includes two indicators of psychological health, defined as neuroticism and psychoticism. In order to examine the association between psychological health and prayer, two samples of sixth-form pupils in Northern Ireland (16- to 18-year-olds) attending Catholic (N = 1246) and Protestant (N = 1060) schools completed the abbreviated Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire alongside a simple measure of prayer frequency. The data demonstrated a positive association between prayer frequency and better levels of psychological health as assessed by Eysenck's notion of psychoticism. Among pupils attending both Catholic and Protestant schools, higher levels of prayer were associated with lower psychoticism scores. Among pupils attending Catholic schools, however, higher levels of prayer were also associated with higher neuroticism scores

    Psychological type profile of Methodist circuit ministers in Britain : similarities to and differences from Anglican clergy

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    Psychological type theory is employed to profile similarities and differences between Methodist ministers in Britain and the Church of England clergy profiled in an earlier study by Francis, Craig, Whinney, Tilley and Slater (2007). New data were provided by 693 male and 311 female Methodist ministers who completed the Francis Psychological Type Scales. These data demonstrated that both male and female Methodist ministers were less likely to prefer intuition, and more likely to prefer sensing, compared to their Anglican colleagues. Also, male Methodist ministers were more likely to prefer feeling and less likely to prefer thinking in comparison with their Anglican colleagues. In other respects, the Methodist ministers and the Anglican clergy recorded similar profiles. These findings are interpreted to illuminate characteristics of strength and weakness in Methodist and Anglican ministry in England and to highlight potential challenges in effecting cooperation between the two denominations

    First Results From Sleuth: The Palomar Planet Finder

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    We discuss preliminary results from our first search campaign for transiting planets performed using Sleuth, an automated 10 cm telescope with a 6 degree square field of view. We monitored a field in Hercules for 40 clear nights between UT 2003 May 10 and July 01, and obtained an rms precision (per 15-min average) over the entire data set of better than 1% on the brightest 2026 stars, and better than 1.5% on the brightest 3865 stars. We identified no strong candidates in the Hercules field. We conducted a blind test of our ability to recover transiting systems by injecting signals into our data and measuring the recovery rate as a function of transit depth and orbital period. About 85% of transit signals with a depth of 0.02 mag were recovered. However, only 50% of transit signals with a depth of 0.01 mag were recovered. We expect that the number of stars for which we can search for transiting planets will increase substantially for our current field in Andromeda, due to the lower Galactic latitude of the field

    Introducing the modified paranormal belief scale: distinguishing between classic paranormal beliefs, religious paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity among undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales

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    Previous empirical studies concerned with the association between paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity have produced conflicting evidence. Drawing on Rice's (2003) distinction between classic paranormal beliefs and religious paranormal beliefs, the present study proposed a modified form of the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale to produce separate scores for these two forms of paranormal belief, styled 'religious paranormal beliefs' and 'classic paranormal beliefs'. Data provided by a sample of 143 undergraduate students in Northern Ireland and Wales, who completed the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity alongside the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale, demonstrated that conventional religiosity is positively correlated with religious paranormal beliefs, but independent of classic paranormal beliefs. These findings provide a clear framework within which previous conflicting evidence can be interpreted. It is recommended that future research should distinguish clearly between these two forms of paranormal beliefs and that the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Beliefs Scale should be routinely modified to detach the four religious paranormal belief items from the total scale score

    Religious orientation, mental health and culture : conceptual and empirical perspectives

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    This special edition of Mental Health, Religion and Culture brings together thirteen original empirical studies that employ theories and measures based on the notion of ‘religious orientation’. As originally conceived, Allport’s notion of religious orientation distinguished between the two motivational styles of intrinsic religiosity and extrinsic religiosity. Subsequent work distinguished between extrinsic-personal and extrinsic social motivations, and added the third orientation styled as quest religiosity. The first set of seven studies draws on a variety of measures of religious orientation developed since the mid-1960s, including single-item measures. The second set of six studies draws on the New Indices of Religious Orientation proposed by Francis in 2007. Collectively these studies confirm the continuing vitality of the notion of religious orientation for informing empirical research within the psychology of religion and strengthen the foundation for future work in this area

    More on heavy tetraquarks in lattice QCD at almost physical pion mass

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    We report on our progress in studying exotic, heavy tetraquark states, qqQˉQˉqq\prime \bar Q\bar Q\prime. Using publicly available dynamical nf=2+1n_f =2+1 Wilson-Clover gauge configurations, generated by the PACS-CS collaboration, with pion masses \simeq164, 299 and 415 MeV, we extend our previous analysis to heavy quark components containing heavier than physical bottom quarks QˉQˉ=bˉbˉ\bar Q\bar Q\prime=\bar b\prime\bar b\prime or QˉQˉ=bˉbˉ\bar Q\bar Q\prime=\bar b\bar b\prime, charm and bottom quarks cˉbˉ\bar c\bar b and also only charm quarks cˉcˉ\bar c\bar c. Throughout we employ NRQCD and relativistic heavy quarks for the heavier than bottom, bottom and charm quarks. Using our previously established diquark-antidiquark and meson-meson operator basis we comment in particular on the dependence of the binding energy on the mass of the heavy quark component QˉQˉ\bar Q\bar Q, with heavy quarks ranging from mQ=0.856.3mbm_Q=0.85\ldots 6.3\cdot m_b. In the heavy flavor non-degenerate case, QˉQˉ\bar Q\bar Q\prime, and especially for the tetraquark channel udcˉbˉud\bar c\bar b, we extend our work to utilize a 3×33\times 3 GEVP to study the ground and threshold states thereby enabling a clear identification of possible binding. Finally, we present initial work on the QˉQˉ=cˉcˉ\bar Q\bar Q\prime=\bar c\bar c system where a much larger operator basis is available in comparison to flavor combinations with NRQCD quarks.Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures, proceedings contribution to "Lattice 2017. 35th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory", 18th-24th June 2017, Granada, Spai

    Evidence for charm-bottom tetraquarks and the mass dependence of heavy-light tetraquark states from lattice QCD

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    We continue our study of heavy-light four-quark states and find evidence from lattice QCD for the existence of a strong-interaction-stable I(JP)=0(1+)I(J^P)=0(1^+) udcˉbˉud\bar{c}\bar{b} tetraquark with mass in the range of 15 to 61 MeV below DˉB\bar{D}B^* threshold. Since this range includes the electromagnetic DˉBγ\bar{D}B\gamma decay threshold, current uncertainties do not allow us to determine whether such a state would decay electromagnetically, or only weakly. We also perform a study at fixed pion mass, with NRQCD for the heavy quarks, simulating qqbˉbˉqq^\prime \bar{b}^\prime \bar{b} and qqbˉbˉq q^\prime \bar{b}^\prime\bar{b}^\prime tetraquarks with q,q=udq,\, q^\prime =ud or s\ell s and variable, unphysical mbm_{b^\prime} in order to investigate the heavy mass-dependence of such tetraquark states. We find that the dependence of the binding energy follows a phenomenologically-expected form and that, though NRQCD breaks down before mb=mcm_{b^\prime}=m_c is reached, the results at higher mbm_{b^\prime} clearly identify the udbˉbˉud\bar{b}^\prime \bar{b} channel as the most likely to support a strong-interaction-stable tetraquark state at mb=mcm_{b^\prime}=m_c. This observation serves to motivate the direct udcˉbˉud\bar{c}\bar{b} simulation. Throughout we use dynamical nf=2+1n_f=2+1 ensembles with pion masses mπ=m_\pi=415, 299, and 164 MeV reaching down almost to the physical point, a relativistic heavy quark prescription for the charm quark, and NRQCD for the bottom quark(s).Comment: 24 pages, 4 figure

    Dark Matter from Strong Dynamics: The Minimal Theory of Dark Baryons

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    As a simple model for dark matter, we propose a QCD-like theory based on SU(2)\rm{SU}(2) gauge theory with one flavor of dark quark. The model is confining at low energy and we use lattice simulations to investigate the properties of the lowest-lying hadrons. Compared to QCD, the theory has several peculiar differences: there are no Goldstone bosons or chiral symmetry restoration when the dark quark becomes massless; the usual global baryon number symmetry is enlarged to SU(2)B\rm{SU}(2)_B, resembling isospin; and baryons and mesons are unified together in SU(2)B\rm{SU}(2)_B iso-multiplets. We argue that the lightest baryon, a vector boson, is a stable dark matter candidate and is a composite realization of the hidden vector dark matter scenario. The model naturally includes a lighter state, the analog of the η\eta^\prime in QCD, for dark matter to annihilate into to set the relic density via thermal freeze-out. Dark matter baryons may also be asymmetric, strongly self-interacting, or have their relic density set via 323 \to 2 cannibalizing transitions. We discuss some experimental implications of coupling dark baryons to the Higgs portal.Comment: 26 pages, 16 figure
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