16 research outputs found

    Effects of Entanglement in Controlled Dephasing

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    In controlled dephasing as a result of the interaction of a controlled environment (dephasor) and the system under observation (dephasee) the states of the two subsystems are entangled. Using as an example the ``Which Path Detector'', we discuss how the entanglement influences the controlled dephasing. In particular, we calculate the suppression ν\nu of A-B oscillations as a function of the bias eVeV applied to the QPC and the coupling Γ\Gamma of the QD to the leads. At low temperatures the entanglement produces a smooth crossover from ν(eV/Γ)2\nu \propto (eV/\Gamma)^2, when eVΓeV \ll \Gamma to νeV/Γ\nu \propto eV/\Gamma, for eVΓeV \gg \Gamma.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

    Quantum Mechanics Lecture Notes. Selected Chapters

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    These are extended lecture notes of the quantum mechanics course which I am teaching in the Weizmann Institute of Science graduate physics program. They cover the topics listed below. The first four chapter are posted here. Their content is detailed on the next page. The other chapters are planned to be added in the coming months. 1. Motion in External Electromagnetic Field. Gauge Fields in Quantum Mechanics. 2. Quantum Mechanics of Electromagnetic Field 3. Photon-Matter Interactions 4. Quantization of the Schr\"odinger Field (The Second Quantization) 5. Open Systems. Density Matrix 6. Adiabatic Theory. The Berry Phase. The Born-Oppenheimer Approximation 7. Mean Field Approaches for Many Body Systems -- Fermions and Boson

    Semiconductor Microstructure in a Squeezed Vacuum: Electron-Hole Plasma Luminescence

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    We consider a semiconductor quantum-well placed in a wave guide microcavity and interacting with the broadband squeezed vacuum radiation, which fills one mode of the wave guide with a large average occupation. The wave guide modifies the optical density of states so that the quantum well interacts mostly with the squeezed vacuum. The vacuum is squeezed around the externally controlled central frequency \om_0, which is tuned above the electron-hole gap EgE_g, and induces fluctuations in the interband polarization of the quantum-well. The power spectrum of scattered light exhibits a peak around \om_0, which is moreover non-Lorentzian and is a result of both the squeezing and the particle-hole continuum. The squeezing spectrum is qualitatively different from the atomic case. We discuss the possibility to observe the above phenomena in the presence of additional non-radiative (e-e, phonon) dephasing.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figure

    Atom in a coherently controlled squeezed vacuum

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    A broadband squeezed vacuum photon field is characterized by a complex squeezing function. We show that by controlling the wavelength dependence of its phase it is possible to change the dynamics of the atomic polarization interacting with the squeezed vacuum. Such a phase modulation effectively produces a finite range temporal interaction kernel between the two quadratures of the atomic polarization yielding the change in the decay rates as well as the appearance of additional oscillation frequencies. We show that decay rates slower than the spontaneous decay rate can be achieved even for a squeezed bath in the classic regime. For linear and quadratic phase modulations the power spectrum of the scattered light exhibits narrowing of the central peak due to the modified decay rates. For strong phase modulations side lobes appear symmetrically around the central peak reflecting additional oscillation frequencies.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Coherent optical control of correlation waves of spins in semiconductors

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    We calculate the dynamical fluctuation spectrum of electronic spins in a semiconductor under a steady-state illumination by light containing polarization squeezing correlations. Taking into account quasi-particle lifetime and spin relaxation for this non-equilibrium situation we consider up to fourth order optical effects which are sensitive to the squeezing phases. We demonstrate the possibility to control the spin fluctuations by optically modulating these phases as a function of frequency, leading to a non-Lorentzian spectrum which is very different from the thermal equilibrium fluctuations in n-doped semiconductors. Specifically, in the time-domain spin-spin correlation can exhibit time delays and sign flips originating from the phase modulations and correlations of polarizations, respectively. For higher light intensity we expect a regime where the squeezing correlations will dominate the spectrum.Comment: 17 pages, 8 figure

    Qubit Coherent Control with Squeezed Light Fields

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    We study the use of squeezed light for qubit coherent control and compare it with the coherent state control field case. We calculate the entanglement between a short pulse of resonant squeezed light and a two-level atom in free space and the resulting operation error. We find that the squeezing phase, the phase of the light field and the atomic superposition phase, all determine whether atom-pulse mode entanglement and the gate error are enhanced or suppressed. However, when averaged over all possible qubit initial states, the gate error would not decrease by a practicably useful amount and would in fact increase in most cases. We discuss the possibility of measuring the increased gate error as a signature of the enhancement of entanglement by squeezing.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figure