14,014 research outputs found

    R-Parity Violating Supersymmetry Explanation for Large t tbar Forward-Backward Asymmetry

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    We propose a supersymmetric explanation for the anomalously high forward backward asymmetry in top pair production measured by CDF and D0. We suppose that it is due to the t-channel exchange of a right-handed sbottom which couples to d_R and t_R, as is present in the R-parity violating minimal supersymmetric standard model. We show that all Tevatron and LHC experiments' t tbar constraints may be respected for a sbottom mass between 300 and 1200 GeV, and a large Yukawa coupling >2.2, yielding A_{FB} up to 0.18. The non Standard Model contribution to the LHC charge asymmetry parameter is Delta A_C^y=0.017-0.045, small enough to be consistent with current measurements but non-zero and positive, allowing for LHC confirmation in the future within 20 fb^-1. A small additional contribution to the LHC t tbar production cross-section is also predicted, allowing a further test. We estimate that 10 fb^-1 of LHC luminosity would be sufficient to rule out the proposal to 95% confidence level, if the measurements of the t tbar cross-section turn out to be centred on the Standard Model prediction.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, v2 has added comments and references and increased statistics, leading to more accurate numerical predictions. v3 has typos in Fig 1 fixed: arrow directions and t and tbar labels. v4 has added discussion and corrections to Eq 4. v5 has luminosity predictions, additional checks and small numerical change

    Supersymmetry without a light Higgs boson at the LHC

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    We analyze the LHC phenomenology of lambdaSUSY - a version of NMSSM with a largish SH1H2 coupling. The scalar spectrum of the model contains a 200-300 GeV Higgs boson h with Standard-Model like properties, and heavy CP-even and CP-odd Higgs bosons H and A with masses in 500-800 GeV range. We study the discovery potential of H and A in the decay chains H->hh->4V->2l6j and A->Zh->Z2V->2l4j. The dominant backgrounds are the diffuse Z6j and Z4j productions, which can be suppressed by demanding reconstruction of V's and h's in intermediate states. The excess of signal events allows for a discovery of both H and A with over 5sigma significance for 100 inverse fb of integrated luminosity.Comment: 29 pages, 19 figure

    Quark mixing renormalization effects in the determination of |V_{tq}|

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    We study the numerical effects of several renormalization schemes of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) quark mixing matrix on the top-quark decay widths. We then employ these results to infer the relative shifts in the CKM parameters |V_{tq}|^2 due to the quark mixing renormalization corrections, assuming that they are determined directly from the top-quark partial decay widths, without imposing unitarity constraints. We also discuss the implications of these effects on the ratio R = Gamma(t -> Wb) / Gamma_t and the determination of |V_{tb}|^2.Comment: 10 pages, 3 table

    The use of new technologies in advanced Italian classes

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    This paper discusses the results of a blended learning strategy which has recently been adopted in advanced Italian classes at the University of Wollongong. The embracing of new technologies in education has engendered a deep innovation in teaching and learning processes. Language learning, in particular, seems to have been more receptive than other fields thanks to the dynamics which characterize the subject and to the communicative approach currently used. However, if the information and communication technology curriculum integration offers powerful tools to enhance language learning, in terms of greater emphasis upon flexibility, transferability, individualisation, modularisation, mobility and interaction, it also creates critical points which require an attentive evaluation to make the impact on teaching and learning significant

    Top quark physics at the Tevatron

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    In this paper I summarize some of the most recent top quark physics results obtained by the CDF and D0 Collaborations, analysing data collected during Run II of the Tevatron Collider. The top pair production cross section has been measured with a precision comparable to the theoretical one (5.4%). A precision of 0.5% on the measurement of the top quark mass has been achieved. The single top production in the s channel has been measured. The top quark production mechanism, decay vertex and kinematic distributions have been investigated to test many aspects of the Standard Model. Most of the results shown here are already based on the full Run II dataset

    Top quark studies at the Tevatron

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    A selection of the most recent CDF and D0 results in the top quark sector is presented. The top quark pair production and single top production and cross section measurements are discussed. The tÂŻt charge asymmetry results are shown. The most recent top quark mass measurements and the Tevatron combined top quark mass are illustrated

    A three-dimensional model for the radio emission of magnetic chemically peculiar stars

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    In this paper we present a three-dimensional numerical model for the radio emission of Magnetic Chemically Peculiar stars, on the hypothesis that energetic electrons emit by the gyrosynchrotron mechanism. For this class of radio stars, characterized by a mainly dipolar magnetic field whose axis is tilted with respect to the rotational axis, the geometry of the magnetosphere and its deformation due to the stellar rotation are determined. The radio emitting region is determined by the physical conditions of the magnetosphere and of the stellar wind. Free-free absorption by the thermal plasma trapped in the inner magnetosphere is also considered. Several free parameters are involved in the model, such as the size of the emitting region, the energy spectrum and the number density of the emitting electrons, and the characteristics of the plasma in the inner magnetosphere. By solving the equation of radiative transfer, along a path parallel to the line of sight, the radio brightness distribution and the total flux density as a function of stellar rotation are computed. As the model is applied to simulate the observed 5 GHz lightcurves of HD37479 and HD37017, several possible magnetosphere configurations are found. After simulations at other frequencies, in spite of the large number of parameters involved in the modeling, two solutions in the case of HD37479 and only one solution in the case of HD37017 match the observed spectral indices. The results of our simulations agree with the magnetically confined wind-shock model in a rotating magnetosphere. The X-ray emission from the inner magnetosphere is also computed, and found to be consistent with the observations.Comment: 15 pages, 10 figures, A&A in pres

    Optical properties of Ge-oxygen defect center embedded in silica films

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    The photo-luminescence features of Ge-oxygen defect centers in a 100nm thick Ge-doped silica film on a pure silica substrate were investigated by looking at the emission spectra and time decay detected under synchrotron radiation excitation in the 10-300 K temperature range. This center exhibits two luminescence bands centered at 4.3eV and 3.2eV associated with its de-excitation from singlet (S1) and triplet (T1) states, respectively, that are linked by an intersystem crossing process. The comparison with results obtained from a bulk Ge-doped silica sample evidences that the efficiency of the intersystem crossing rate depends on the properties of the matrix embedding the Ge-oxygen defect centers, being more effective in the film than in the bulk counterpart.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figures, in press on J. Non cryst. solids (2007

    Bell inequality violation by entangled single photon states generated from a laser, a LED or a Halogen lamp

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    In single-particle or intraparticle entanglement, two degrees of freedom of a single particle, e.g., momentum and polarization of a single photon, are entangled. Single-particle entanglement (SPE) provides a source of non classical correlations which can be exploited both in quantum communication protocols and in experimental tests of noncontextuality based on the Kochen-Specker theorem. Furthermore, SPE is robust under decoherence phenomena. Here, we show that single-particle entangled states of single photons can be produced from attenuated sources of light, even classical ones. To experimentally certify the entanglement, we perform a Bell test, observing a violation of the Clauser, Horne, Shimony and Holt (CHSH) inequality. On the one hand, we show that this entanglement can be achieved even in a classical light beam, provided that first-order coherence is maintained between the degrees of freedom involved in the entanglement. On the other hand, we prove that filtered and attenuated light sources provide a flux of independent SPE photons that, from a statistical point of view, are indistinguishable from those generated by a single photon source. This has important consequences, since it demonstrates that cheap, compact, and low power entangled photon sources can be used for a range of quantum technology applications
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