4,362 research outputs found

    Model-Independent Properties of the B-Meson Distribution Amplitude

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    The operator product expansion is used to obtain model-independent predictions for the first two moments of the renormalized B-meson light-cone distribution amplitude phi_+(omega,mu), defined with a cutoff omega<Lambda_UV. The leading hadronic power corrections are given in terms of the parameter Lambda(bar)=m_B-m_b. From the cutoff dependence of the zeroth moment an analytical expression for the asymptotic behavior of the distribution amplitude is derived, which exhibits a negative radiation tail for omega>>mu. By solving the evolution equation for the distribution amplitude, an integral representation for phi_+(omega,mu) is obtained in terms an initial function phi_+(omega,mu_0) defined at a lower renormalization scale. A realistic model of the B-meson light-cone distribution amplitude is proposed, which satisfies the moment relations and has the correct asymptotic behavior. This model provides an estimate for the first inverse moment and the associated parameter lambda_B.Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures; problem in Figure 4 fixed, references updated; version to appear in Phys. Rev.

    A Short Guide to Flavour Physics and CP Violation

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    We present the invited lectures given at the second Asia-Europe-Pacific School of High-Energy Physics (AEPSHEP), which took place in Puri, India in November 2014. The series of lectures aimed at graduate students in particle experiment/theory, covering the very basics of flavor physics and CP violation, some useful theoretical methods such as OPE and effective field theories, and some selected topics of flavour physics in the era of LHC.Comment: 51 pages, 19 figures, paper submitted for publication in a CERN Yellow Report (YR

    Radion Phenomenology in Realistic Warped Space Models

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    We investigate the phenomenology of the Randall-Sundrum radion in realistic models of electroweak symmetry breaking with bulk gauge and fermion fields, since the radion may turn out to be the lightest particle in such models. We calculate the coupling of the radion in such scenarios to bulk fermion and gauge modes. Special attention needs to be devoted to the coupling to massless gauge fields (photon, gluon), since it is well known that loop effects may be important for these fields. We also present a detailed explanation of these couplings from the CFT interpretation. We then use these couplings to determine the radion branching fractions and discuss some of the discovery potential of the LHC for the radion. We find that the gamma-gamma signal is enhanced over most of the range of the radion mass over the gamma-gamma signal of a SM Higgs, as long as the RS scale is sufficiently low. However, the signal significance depends strongly on free parameters that characterize the magnitude of bare brane-localized kinetic terms for the massless gauge fields. In the absence of such terms, the signal can be be enhanced over the traditional RS1 models (where all standard model fields are localized on the IR brane), but the signal can also be reduced compared to RS1 if the brane localized terms are sizeable. We also show that for larger radion masses, where the gamma-gamma signal is no longer significant, one can use the usual 4 lepton signal to discover the radion.Comment: 28 pages, 7 figure

    Collapse transition of a square-lattice polymer with next nearest-neighbor interaction

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    We study the collapse transition of a polymer on a square lattice with both nearest-neighbor and next nearest-neighbor interactions, by calculating the exact partition function zeros up to chain length 36. The transition behavior is much more pronounced than that of the model with nearest-neighbor interactions only. The crossover exponent and the transition temperature are estimated from the scaling behavior of the first zeros with increasing chain length. The results suggest that the model is of the same universality class as the usual theta point described by the model with only nearest-neighbor interaction.Comment: 14 pages, 5 figure
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