17,321 research outputs found

    Error Bounds for Piecewise Smooth and Switching Regression

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    The paper deals with regression problems, in which the nonsmooth target is assumed to switch between different operating modes. Specifically, piecewise smooth (PWS) regression considers target functions switching deterministically via a partition of the input space, while switching regression considers arbitrary switching laws. The paper derives generalization error bounds in these two settings by following the approach based on Rademacher complexities. For PWS regression, our derivation involves a chaining argument and a decomposition of the covering numbers of PWS classes in terms of the ones of their component functions and the capacity of the classifier partitioning the input space. This yields error bounds with a radical dependency on the number of modes. For switching regression, the decomposition can be performed directly at the level of the Rademacher complexities, which yields bounds with a linear dependency on the number of modes. By using once more chaining and a decomposition at the level of covering numbers, we show how to recover a radical dependency. Examples of applications are given in particular for PWS and swichting regression with linear and kernel-based component functions.Comment: This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice,after which this version may no longer be accessibl

    Global optimization for low-dimensional switching linear regression and bounded-error estimation

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    The paper provides global optimization algorithms for two particularly difficult nonconvex problems raised by hybrid system identification: switching linear regression and bounded-error estimation. While most works focus on local optimization heuristics without global optimality guarantees or with guarantees valid only under restrictive conditions, the proposed approach always yields a solution with a certificate of global optimality. This approach relies on a branch-and-bound strategy for which we devise lower bounds that can be efficiently computed. In order to obtain scalable algorithms with respect to the number of data, we directly optimize the model parameters in a continuous optimization setting without involving integer variables. Numerical experiments show that the proposed algorithms offer a higher accuracy than convex relaxations with a reasonable computational burden for hybrid system identification. In addition, we discuss how bounded-error estimation is related to robust estimation in the presence of outliers and exact recovery under sparse noise, for which we also obtain promising numerical results

    On the complexity of switching linear regression

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    This technical note extends recent results on the computational complexity of globally minimizing the error of piecewise-affine models to the related problem of minimizing the error of switching linear regression models. In particular, we show that, on the one hand the problem is NP-hard, but on the other hand, it admits a polynomial-time algorithm with respect to the number of data points for any fixed data dimension and number of modes.Comment: Automatica, Elsevier, 201

    Risk Bounds for Learning Multiple Components with Permutation-Invariant Losses

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    This paper proposes a simple approach to derive efficient error bounds for learning multiple components with sparsity-inducing regularization. We show that for such regularization schemes, known decompositions of the Rademacher complexity over the components can be used in a more efficient manner to result in tighter bounds without too much effort. We give examples of application to switching regression and center-based clustering/vector quantization. Then, the complete workflow is illustrated on the problem of subspace clustering, for which decomposition results were not previously available. For all these problems, the proposed approach yields risk bounds with mild dependencies on the number of components and completely removes this dependence for nonconvex regularization schemes that could not be handled by previous methods
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