9,832 research outputs found

    Relentless Assimilationist Indigenous Policy: From Invasion of Group Rights to Genocide in Mercy’s Clothing

    Get PDF
    Despite the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, assimilationist policies continue, whether official or effective. Such policies affect more than the right to group choice. The concern is whether indeed genocide or “only” ethnocide (or culturecide)—the elimination of a traditional culture—is at work. Discussions of the distinction between the two terms have been inconsistent enough that at least one commentator has declared that they cannot be used in analytical contexts. While these terms, I contend, have distinct senses, yet in cases of governmental and other institutional assimilationist policy for indigenous peoples, such ethnocide effectively entails genocide. Insofar as any people’s cultural practices and beliefs are essential for life and health, individuals in groups value, if tacitly, their culture as highly as their language or any artifact: Thus, attempts to eradicate a culture through assimilation in fact eradicate individuals’ lives and health and so are effectively murderous. Acknowledgement by worldwide organizations that assimilationist ethnocide is effectively genocide should affect policy concerning indigenous peoples and thus has significance for international law

    Shortened horn-reflector antenna

    Get PDF
    A shortened horn-reflector antenna overcomes the mechanical disadvantages and complexity of the conventional horn-reflector antenna. The shortened antenna offers broadband performance, economic construction, very low antenna temperature, and excellent pattern performance

    Metrology and 1/f noise: linear regressions and confidence intervals in flicker noise context

    Full text link
    1/f noise is very common but is difficult to handle in a metrological way. After having recalled the main characteristics of stongly correlated noise, this paper will determine relationships giving confidence intervals over the arithmetic mean and the linear drift parameters. A complete example of processing of an actual measurement sequence affected by 1/f noise will be given

    Welfare reform, surveillance and new paternalism

    Get PDF
    This paper discusses the situation of welfare claimants, often constructed as faulty citizens and flawed welfare subjects. Many are on the receiving end of complex, multi-layered forms of surveillance aimed at securing socially responsible and compliant behaviours. In Australia, as in other Western countries, neoliberal economic regimes with their harsh and often repressive treatment of welfare recipients operate in tandem with a burgeoning and costly arsenal of CCTV and other surveillance and governance assemblages. The Australian Government’s Centrelink BasicsCard is but one example of welfare surveillance, whereby a percentage of a welfare claimant’s allowances must be spent on ‘approved’ items. The BasicsCard which has perhaps slipped under the radar of public discussion and is expanding nationally, raises significant questions about whether it is possible to encourage people to take responsibility for themselves if they no longer have real control over the most important aspects of their lives. Resistance and critical feedback, particularly from Indigenous people, points to a loss of dignity around the imposition of income management, operational complexity and denial of individual agency in using the BasicsCard, alongside the contradiction of apparently becoming ‘self-reliant’ through being income managed by the welfare state. This paper highlights the lack of solid evidence for the implementation/imposition of the BasicsCard and points to the importance of developing critically based research to inform the enactment of evidence based policy, also acting as a touchstone for governmental accountability. In highlighting issues around the BasicsCard this paper makes a contribution to the largely under discussed area of income management and the growth of welfare surveillance in Australia

    An evolutionary approach for a compact-split-core reactor

    Get PDF
    An economical approach for advanced reactor power development is presented, and systems that result from the several stages of this plan are described. The development starts with a highly modularized heat pipe, radioisotopic design and evolves into a low specific weight high performance reactor system

    A design study of a 350 kWe out-of-core nuclear thermionic converter system

    Get PDF
    Out-of-core nuclear thermionic converter system for high power level

    Optimising the signal-to-noise ratio in measurement of photon pairs with detector arrays

    Full text link
    To evidence multimode spatial entanglement of spontaneous down-conversion, detector arrays allow a full field measurement, without any a priori selection of the paired photons. We show by comparing results of the recent literature that electron-multiplying CCD (EMCCD) cameras allow, in the present state of technology, the detection of quantum correlations with the best signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), while intensified CCD (ICCD) cameras allow at best to identify pairs. The SNR appears to be proportional to the square root of the number of coherence cells in each image, or Schmidt number. Then, corrected estimates are derived for extended coherence cells and not very low and not space-stationary photon fluxes. Finally, experimental measurements of the SNR confirm our model

    A study of US employment rates with emphasis on gender considerations

    Get PDF
    Employment (Economic theory) ; Labor market ; Women - Employment

    Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox in twin images

    Full text link
    Spatially entangled twin photons provide both promising resources for modern quantum information protocols, because of the high dimensionality of transverse entanglement, and a test of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen(EPR) paradox in its original form of position versus impulsion. Usually, photons in temporal coincidence are selected and their positions recorded, resulting in a priori assumptions on their spatio-temporal behavior. Here, we record on two separate electron-multiplying charge coupled devices (EMCCD) cameras twin images of the entire flux of spontaneous down-conversion. This ensures a strict equivalence between the subsystems corresponding to the detection of either position (image or near-field plane) or momentum (Fourier or far-field plane). We report then highest degree of paradox ever reported and show that this degree corresponds to the number of independent degrees of freedom or resolution cells, of the images