2,970 research outputs found

    Direct jet reconstruction in p + p and Cu + Cu at PHENIX

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    The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider collides heavy nuclei at ultrarelativistic energies, creating a strongly interacting, partonic medium that is opaque to the passage of high energy quarks and gluons. Direct jet reconstruction applied to these collision systems provides a crucial constraint on the mechanism for in-medium parton energy loss and jet-medium interactions. However, traditional jet reconstruction algorithm operating in the large soft background at RHIC give rise to fake jets well above the intrinsic production rate of high-pT partons, impeding the detection of the low cross section jet signal at RHIC energies. We developed a new jet reconstruction algorithm that uses a Gaussian filter to locate and reconstruct the jet energy. This algorithm is combined with a fake jet rejection scheme that provides efficient jet reconstruction with acceptable fake rate in a background environment up to the central Au + Au collision at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV. We present results of its application in p + p and Cu + Cu collisions using data from the PHENIX detector, namely p + p cross section, Cu + Cu jet yields, the Cu + Cu nuclear modification factor, and Cu + Cu jet-jet azimuthal correlation.Comment: To be published in the proceedings of DPF-2009, Detroit, MI, July 2009, eConf C09072

    Explainable machine learning of the underlying physics of high-energy particle collisions

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    We present an implementation of an explainable and physics-aware machine learning model capable of inferring the underlying physics of high-energy particle collisions using the information encoded in the energy-momentum four-vectors of the final state particles. We demonstrate the proof-of-concept of our White Box AI approach using a Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) which learns from a DGLAP-based parton shower Monte Carlo event generator. We show, for the first time, that our approach leads to a network that is able to learn not only the final distribution of particles, but also the underlying parton branching mechanism, i.e. the Altarelli-Parisi splitting function, the ordering variable of the shower, and the scaling behavior. While the current work is focused on perturbative physics of the parton shower, we foresee a broad range of applications of our framework to areas that are currently difficult to address from first principles in QCD. Examples include nonperturbative and collective effects, factorization breaking and the modification of the parton shower in heavy-ion, and electron-nucleus collisions.Comment: 11 pages, 4 figure

    Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the supersymmetric tJt-J model with reflecting boundary conditions

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    In the framework of the graded quantum inverse scattering method (QISM), we obtain the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the supersymmetric tJt-J model with reflecting boundary conditions in FFB background. The corresponding Bethe ansatz equations are obtained.Comment: Latex file, 23 Page

    Reconstructed Jets at RHIC

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    To precisely measure jets over a large background such as pile up in high luminosity p+p collisions at LHC, a new generation of jet reconstruction algorithms is developed. These algorithms are also applicable to reconstruct jets in the heavy ion environment where large event multiplicities are produced. Energy loss in the medium created in heavy ion collisions are already observed indirectly via inclusive hadron distributions and di-hadron correlations. Jets can be used to study this energy loss in detail with reduced biases. We review the latest results on jet-medium interactions as seen in A+A collisions at RHIC, focusing on the recent progress on jet reconstruction in heavy ion collisions.Comment: Proceedings for the 26th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamic

    Momentum matching and band-alignment type in van der Waals heterostructures: Interfacial effects and materials screening

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    Momentum-matched type II van der Waals heterostructures (vdWHs) have been designed by assembling layered two-dimensional semiconductors (2DSs) with special band-structure combinations - that is, the valence band edge at the Gamma point (the Brillouin-zone center) for one 2DS and the conduction band edge at the Gamma point for the other [Ubrig et al., Nat. Mater. 19, 299 (2020)]. However, the band offset sizes, band-alignment types, and whether momentum matched or not, all are affected by the interfacial effects between the component 2DSs, such as the quasichemical-bonding (QB) interaction between layers and the electrical dipole moment formed around the vdW interface. Here, based on density-functional theory calculations, first we probe the interfacial effects (including different QBs for valence and conduction bands, interface dipole, and, the synergistic effects of these two aspects) on band-edge evolution in energy and valley (location in the Brillouin zone) and the resulting changes in band alignment and momentum matching for a typical vdWH of monolayer InSe and bilayer WS2, in which the band edges of subsystems satisfy the special band-structure combination for a momentum-matched type II vdWH. Then, based on the conclusions of the studied interfacial effects, we propose a practical screening method for robust momentum-matched type II vdWHs. This practical screening method can also be applied to other band alignment types. Our current study opens a way for practical screening and designing of vdWHs with robust momentum-matching and band alignment type