10 research outputs found

    Impact of cross-section uncertainties on supernova neutrino spectral parameter fitting in the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment

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    A primary goal of the upcoming Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is to measure the O(10)\mathcal{O}(10) MeV neutrinos produced by a Galactic core-collapse supernova if one should occur during the lifetime of the experiment. The liquid-argon-based detectors planned for DUNE are expected to be uniquely sensitive to the Îœe\nu_e component of the supernova flux, enabling a wide variety of physics and astrophysics measurements. A key requirement for a correct interpretation of these measurements is a good understanding of the energy-dependent total cross section σ(EÎœ)\sigma(E_\nu) for charged-current Îœe\nu_e absorption on argon. In the context of a simulated extraction of supernova Îœe\nu_e spectral parameters from a toy analysis, we investigate the impact of σ(EÎœ)\sigma(E_\nu) modeling uncertainties on DUNE's supernova neutrino physics sensitivity for the first time. We find that the currently large theoretical uncertainties on σ(EÎœ)\sigma(E_\nu) must be substantially reduced before the Îœe\nu_e flux parameters can be extracted reliably: in the absence of external constraints, a measurement of the integrated neutrino luminosity with less than 10\% bias with DUNE requires σ(EÎœ)\sigma(E_\nu) to be known to about 5%. The neutrino spectral shape parameters can be known to better than 10% for a 20% uncertainty on the cross-section scale, although they will be sensitive to uncertainties on the shape of σ(EÎœ)\sigma(E_\nu). A direct measurement of low-energy Îœe\nu_e-argon scattering would be invaluable for improving the theoretical precision to the needed level.Comment: 25 pages, 21 figure

    Parameter Study of Tracking Algorithm for ISS-CREAM Instrument

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    2020 Celebration of Student Research and Creativity presentationThe ISS-CREAM instrument studies the composition of cosmic rays, charged particles that permeate the galaxy. The calorimeter is one of four detector subsystems and consists of 20 layers of sensitive fibers. In order to determine the track which a cosmic ray takes through the instrument, we fit a line through the particle locations on each layer of the calorimeter. In order to improve the accuracy of this track, we remove ribbons and layers from this fit using three parameters. We then conducted a study of 26,000 combinations of these parameters to determine which gives the optimal tracking algorithm.https://youtu.be/rlsq1icSXk

    The DUNE Far Detector Vertical Drift Technology, Technical Design Report

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    International audienceDUNE is an international experiment dedicated to addressing some of the questions at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics, including the mystifying preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe. The dual-site experiment will employ an intense neutrino beam focused on a near and a far detector as it aims to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to make high-precision measurements of the PMNS matrix parameters, including the CP-violating phase. It will also stand ready to observe supernova neutrino bursts, and seeks to observe nucleon decay as a signature of a grand unified theory underlying the standard model. The DUNE far detector implements liquid argon time-projection chamber (LArTPC) technology, and combines the many tens-of-kiloton fiducial mass necessary for rare event searches with the sub-centimeter spatial resolution required to image those events with high precision. The addition of a photon detection system enhances physics capabilities for all DUNE physics drivers and opens prospects for further physics explorations. Given its size, the far detector will be implemented as a set of modules, with LArTPC designs that differ from one another as newer technologies arise. In the vertical drift LArTPC design, a horizontal cathode bisects the detector, creating two stacked drift volumes in which ionization charges drift towards anodes at either the top or bottom. The anodes are composed of perforated PCB layers with conductive strips, enabling reconstruction in 3D. Light-trap-style photon detection modules are placed both on the cryostat's side walls and on the central cathode where they are optically powered. This Technical Design Report describes in detail the technical implementations of each subsystem of this LArTPC that, together with the other far detector modules and the near detector, will enable DUNE to achieve its physics goals

    The DUNE Far Detector Vertical Drift Technology, Technical Design Report