6,648 research outputs found

    Hidden Extra U(1) at the Electroweak/TeV Scale

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    We propose a simple extension of the Standard Model (SM) by adding an extra U(1) symmetry which is hidden from the SM sector. Such a hidden U(1) has not been considered before, and its existence at the TeV scale can be explored at the LHC. This hidden U(1) does not couple directly to the SM particles, and couples only to new SU(2)_L singlet exotic quarks and singlet Higgs bosons, and is broken at the TeV scale. The dominant signals at the high energy hadron colliders are multi lepton and multi b-jet final states with or without missing energy. We calculate the signal rates as well as the corresponding Standard Model background for these final states. A very distinctive signal is 6 high p_T b-jets in the final state with no missing energy. For a wide range of the exotic quarks masses the signals are observable above the background at the LHC.Comment: 19 pages, 5 figure

    Higgs Phenomenology in Warped Extra-Dimensions with a 4th Generation

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    We study a warped extra-dimension scenario where the Standard Model fields lie in the bulk, with the addition of a fourth family of fermions. We concentrate on the flavor structure of the Higgs couplings with fermions in the flavor anarchy ansatz. Even without a fourth family, these couplings will be generically misaligned with respect to the SM fermion mass matrices. The presence of the fourth family typically enhances the misalignment effects and we show that one should expect them to be highly non-symmetrical in the (34){(34)} inter-generational mixing. The radiative corrections from the new fermions and their flavor violating couplings to the Higgs affect negligibly known experimental precision measurements such as the oblique parameters and Z‚ÜíbbňČZ\to b {\bar b} or Z‚Üíőľ+őľ‚ąíZ \to \mu^+ \mu^-. On the other hand, őĒF=1,2\Delta F=1,2 processes, mediated by tree-level Higgs exchange, as well as radiative corrections to b‚Üíső≥b \to s \gamma and őľ‚Üíeő≥\mu \to e\gamma put some generic pressure on the allowed size of the flavor violating couplings. But more importantly, these couplings will alter the Higgs decay patterns as well as those of the new fermions, and produce very interesting new signals associated to Higgs phenomenology in high energy colliders. These might become very important indirect signals for these type of models as they would be present even when the KK mass scale is high and no heavy KK particle is discovered.Comment: 39 pages, 6 figure

    Measurement of Rapidity Distribution for High Mass Drell-Yan ee Pairs at CDF

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    We report on the first measurement of the rapidity distribution dsigma/dy over nearly the entire kinematic region of rapidity for e^+e^- pairs in the Z-boson region of 66116 GeV/c^2. The data sample consists of 108 pb^{-1} of ppbar collisions at \sqrt{s}=1.8 TeV taken by the Collider Detector at Fermilab during 1992--1995. The total cross section in the ZZ-boson region is measured to be 252 +- 11 pb. The measured total cross section and d\sigma/dy are compared with quantum chromodynamics calculations in leading and higher orders.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures. Submitted to Physical Review Letter

    First molecular characterization of canine hepatozoonosis in Argentina: evaluation of asymptomatic Hepatozoon canis infection in dogs from Buenos Aires

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    Canine hepatozoonosis is an expanding tick-borne disease in Argentina. Hepatozoonosis was studied during 1 year in six dogs from the same household in Buenos Aires. Blood parasitemia with Hepatozoon gamonts was found in five dogs and all six were positive by PCR for Hepatozoon sp. Although the levels of parasitemia fluctuated during the year, no clinical signs of disease were detected during the follow up period. Amplification and sequencing of a 650 bases fragment of the 18S rRNA gene from all six dogs yielded fragments that were 99% identical to H. canis. The results of the partial 18S rRNA genotyping with the sub-clinical course of infection and lack of severe hematological abnormalities are compatible with clinical and molecular descriptions of Hepatozoon canis infection from other areas of the world. This is the first molecular characterization of Hepatozoon from Argentina.Facultad de Ciencias Veterinaria

    Search for Narrow Diphoton Resonances and for gamma-gamma+W/Z Signatures in p\bar p Collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8 TeV

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    We present results of searches for diphoton resonances produced both inclusively and also in association with a vector boson (W or Z) using 100 pb^{-1} of p\bar p collisions using the CDF detector. We set upper limits on the product of cross section times branching ratio for both p\bar p\to\gamma\gamma + X and p\bar p\to\gamma\gamma + W/Z. Comparing the inclusive production to the expectations from heavy sgoldstinos we derive limits on the supersymmetry-breaking scale sqrt{F} in the TeV range, depending on the sgoldstino mass and the choice of other parameters. Also, using a NLO prediction for the associated production of a Higgs boson with a W or Z boson, we set an upper limit on the branching ratio for H\to\gamma\gamma. Finally, we set a lower limit on the mass of a `bosophilic' Higgs boson (e.g. one which couples only to \gamma, W, and Z$ bosons with standard model couplings) of 82 GeV/c^2 at 95% confidence level.Comment: 30 pages, 11 figure

    Measurement of the Helicity of W Bosons in Top Quark Decays

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    We use the transverse momentum spectrum of leptons in the decay chain t-->bW with W-->l nu to measure the helicity of the W bosons in the top quark rest frame. Our measurement uses a ttbar sample isolated in 106 +/- 4 inverse picobarns of data collected in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8 TeV with the CDF detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. Assuming a standard V--A weak decay, we find that the fraction of W's with zero helicity in the top rest frame is F_0 = 0.91 +/- 0.37 (stat) +/- 0.13 (syst), consistent with the standard model prediction of F_0=0.70 for a top mass of 175 GeV/c**2.Comment: Submitted to PRL. 8 pages, 2 figure

    Inclusive Search for Anomalous Production of High-pT Like-Sign Lepton Pairs in Proton-Antiproton Collisions at sqrt{s}=1.8 TeV

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    We report on a search for anomalous production of events with at least two charged, isolated, like-sign leptons with pT > 11 GeV/c using a 107 pb^-1 sample of 1.8 TeV ppbar collisions collected by the CDF detector. We define a signal region containing low background from Standard Model processes. To avoid bias, we fix the final cuts before examining the event yield in the signal region using control regions to test the Monte Carlo predictions. We observe no events in the signal region, consistent with an expectation of 0.63^(+0.84)_(-0.07) events. We present 95% confidence level limits on new physics processes in both a signature-based context as well as within a representative minimal supergravity (tanbeta = 3) model.Comment: 15 pages, 4 figures. Minor textual changes, cosmetic improvements to figures and updated and expanded reference

    Limits on Gravitino Production and New Processes with Large Missing Transverse Energy in p-pbar Collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8 TeV

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    Events collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) with an energetic jet plus large missing transverse energy can be used to search for physics beyond the Standard Model. We see no deviations from the expected background and set upper limits on the production of new processes. We consider in addition the production of light gravitinos within the framework of the Gauge Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking models and set a limit at 95% confidence level on the breaking scale sqrt(F) >= 217 GeV, which excludes gravitino masses smaller than 1.1x10^-5 eV/c^2.Comment: 13 pages, 4 figures. Submitted to Physical Review Letter

    Production of Y(1S) Mesons from chib Decays in pp(bar) Collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8 TeV

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    We have reconstructed the radiative decays Ōáb(1P)‚Üíő•(1S)ő≥\chi_{b}(1P) \to \Upsilon(1S) \gamma and Ōáb(2P)‚Üíő•(1S)ő≥\chi_{b}(2P) \to \Upsilon(1S) \gamma in ppňČp \bar{p} collisions at s=1.8\sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV, and measured the fraction of ő•(1S)\Upsilon(1S) mesons that originate from these decays. For ő•(1S)\Upsilon(1S) mesons with pTő•>8.0p^{\Upsilon}_{T}>8.0 GeV/cc, the fractions that come from Ōáb(1P)\chi_{b}(1P) and Ōáb(2P)\chi_{b}(2P) decays are (27.1¬Ī6.9(stat)¬Ī4.4(sys))(27.1\pm6.9(stat)\pm4.4(sys))% and (10.5¬Ī4.4(stat)¬Ī1.4(sys))(10.5\pm4.4(stat)\pm1.4(sys))%, respectively. We have derived the fraction of directly produced ő•(1S)\Upsilon(1S) mesons to be (50.9¬Ī8.2(stat)¬Ī9.0(sys))(50.9\pm8.2(stat)\pm9.0(sys))%.Comment: 13 Pages, 2 figure

    Search for the Supersymmetric Partner of the Top-Quark in ppňČp \bar{p} Collisions at s=1.8TeV\sqrt{s} = 1.8 {\rm TeV}

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    We report on a search for the supersymmetric partner of the top quark (stop) produced in ttňČt \bar{t} events using 110pb‚ąí1110 {\rm pb}^{-1} of ppňČp \bar{p} collisions at s=1.8TeV\sqrt{s} = 1.8 {\rm TeV} recorded with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. In the case of a light stop squark, the decay of the top quark into stop plus the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) could have a significant branching ratio. The observed events are consistent with Standard Model ttňČt \bar{t} production and decay. Hence, we set limits on the branching ratio of the top quark decaying into stop plus LSP, excluding branching ratios above 45% for a LSP mass up to 40 {\rm GeV/c}2^{2}.Comment: 11 pages, 4 figure
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