28,743 research outputs found

    Comment on "Off-diagonal Long-range Order in Bose Liquids: Irrotational Flow and Quantization of Circulation"

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    In the context of an application to superfluidity, it is elaborated how to do quantum mechanics of a system with a rotational velocity. Especially, in both the laboratory frame and the non-inertial co-rotating frame, the canonical momentum, which corresponds to the quantum mechanical momentum operator, contains a part due to the rotational velocity.Comment: 2 page, comment on cond-mat/010435

    A heuristic approach to the weakly interacting Bose gas

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    Some thermodynamic properties of weakly interacting Bose systems are derived from dimensional and heuristic arguments and thermodynamic relations, without resorting to statistical mechanics

    Nonlinear Landau-Zener Tunnelling in Coupled Waveguide Arrays

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    The possibility of direct observation of Nonlinear Landau-Zener tunnelling effect with a device consisting of two waveguide arrays connected with a tilted reduced refractive index barrier is discussed. Numerical simulations on this realistic setup are interpreted via simplified double well system and different asymmetric tunnelling scenarios were predicted just varying injected beam intensity.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figure

    Generalized Emission Functions for Photon Emission from Quark-Gluon Plasma

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    The Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal effects on photon emission from the quark gluon plasma have been studied as a function of photon mass, at a fixed temperature of the plasma. The integral equations for the transverse vector function (f~(p~){\bf \tilde{f}(\tilde{p}_\perp)}) and the longitudinal function (g~(p~)\tilde{g}({\bf \tilde{p}_\perp})) consisting of multiple scattering effects are solved by the self consistent iterations method and also by the variational method for the variable set \{p0,q0,Q2p_0,q_0,Q^2\}, considering the bremsstrahlung and the aws\bf aws processes. We define four new dynamical scaling variables, xTbx^b_T,xTax^a_T,xLbx^b_L,xLax^a_L for bremsstrahlung and {\bf aws} processes and analyse the transverse and longitudinal components as a function of \{p0,q0,Q2p_0,q_0,Q^2\}. We generalize the concept of photon emission function and we define four new emission functions for massive photon emission represented by gTbg^b_T, gTag^a_T, gLbg^b_L, gLag^a_L. These have been constructed using the exact numerical solutions of the integral equations. These four emission functions have been parameterized by suitable simple empirical fits. In terms of these empirical emission functions, the virtual photon emission from quark gluon plasma reduces to one dimensional integrals that involve folding over the empirical gT,Lb,ag^{b,a}_{T,L} functions with appropriate quark distribution functions and the kinematic factors. Using this empirical emission functions, we calculated the imaginary part of the photon polarization tensor as a function of photon mass and energy.Comment: In nuclear physics journals and arxiv listings, my name used to appear as S.V.S. Sastry. Hereafter, my name will appear as, S.V. Suryanarayan

    The bound on viscosity and the generalized second law of thermodynamics

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    We describe a new paradox for ideal fluids. It arises in the accretion of an \textit{ideal} fluid onto a black hole, where, under suitable boundary conditions, the flow can violate the generalized second law of thermodynamics. The paradox indicates that there is in fact a lower bound to the correlation length of any \textit{real} fluid, the value of which is determined by the thermodynamic properties of that fluid. We observe that the universal bound on entropy, itself suggested by the generalized second law, puts a lower bound on the correlation length of any fluid in terms of its specific entropy. With the help of a new, efficient estimate for the viscosity of liquids, we argue that this also means that viscosity is bounded from below in a way reminiscent of the conjectured Kovtun-Son-Starinets lower bound on the ratio of viscosity to entropy density. We conclude that much light may be shed on the Kovtun-Son-Starinets bound by suitable arguments based on the generalized second law.Comment: 11 pages, 1 figure, published versio

    Dynamic Structure Factor of Normal Fermi Gas from Collisionless to Hydrodynamic Regime

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    The dynamic structure factor of a normal Fermi gas is investigated by using the moment method for the Boltzmann equation. We determine the spectral function at finite temperatures over the full range of crossover from the collisionless regime to the hydrodynamic regime. We find that the Brillouin peak in the dynamic structure factor exhibits a smooth crossover from zero to first sound as functions of temperature and interaction strength. The dynamic structure factor obtained using the moment method also exhibits a definite Rayleigh peak (/omega/sim0/omega /sim 0), which is a characteristic of the hydrodynamic regime. We compare the dynamic structure factor obtained by the moment method with that obtained from the hydrodynamic equations.Comment: 19 pages, 9 figure

    Three-dimensional Roton-Excitations and Supersolid formation in Rydberg-excited Bose-Einstein Condensates

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    We study the behavior of a Bose-Einstein condensate in which atoms are weakly coupled to a highly excited Rydberg state. Since the latter have very strong van der Waals interactions, this coupling induces effective, nonlocal interactions between the dressed ground state atoms, which, opposed to dipolar interactions, are isotropically repulsive. Yet, one finds partial attraction in momentum space, giving rise to a roton-maxon excitation spectrum and a transition to a supersolid state in three-dimensional condensates. A detailed analysis of decoherence and loss mechanisms suggests that these phenomena are observable with current experimental capabilities.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Tunable pinning of a superconducting vortex a by a magnetic vortex

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    The interaction between a straight vortex line in a superconducting film and a soft magnetic nanodisk in the magnetic vortex state in the presence of a magnetic field applied parallel to the film surfaces is studied theoretically. The superconductor is described by London theory and the nanodisk by the Landau-Lifshitz continuum theory of magnetism, using the approximation known as the rigid vortex model. Pinning of the vortex line by the nanodisk is found to result, predominantly, from the interaction between the vortex line and the changes in the nanodisk magnetization induced by the magnetic field of the vortex line and applied field. In the context of the rigid vortex model, these changes result from the displacement of the magnetic vortex. This displacement is calculated analytically by minimizing the energy, and the pinning potential is obtained. The applied field can tune the pinning potential by controlling the displacement of the magnetic vortex. The nanodisk magnetization curve is predicted to change in the presence of the vortex lineComment: 9 pages, 8 figures. Submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Modified Friedman scenario from the Wheeler-DeWitt equation

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    We consider the possible modification of the Friedman equation due to operator ordering parameter entering the Wheeler-DeWitt equation.Comment: 2 pages, 1 figur

    3+1D hydrodynamic simulation of relativistic heavy-ion collisions

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    We present MUSIC, an implementation of the Kurganov-Tadmor algorithm for relativistic 3+1 dimensional fluid dynamics in heavy-ion collision scenarios. This Riemann-solver-free, second-order, high-resolution scheme is characterized by a very small numerical viscosity and its ability to treat shocks and discontinuities very well. We also incorporate a sophisticated algorithm for the determination of the freeze-out surface using a three dimensional triangulation of the hyper-surface. Implementing a recent lattice based equation of state, we compute p_T-spectra and pseudorapidity distributions for Au+Au collisions at root s = 200 GeV and present results for the anisotropic flow coefficients v_2 and v_4 as a function of both p_T and pseudorapidity. We were able to determine v_4 with high numerical precision, finding that it does not strongly depend on the choice of initial condition or equation of state.Comment: 16 pages, 11 figures, version accepted for publication in PRC, references added, minor typos corrected, more detailed discussion of freeze-out routine adde