595 research outputs found

    Halo and Relic Sources in Clusters of Galaxies

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    New images of 7 radio halos and relics, obtained with the Very Large Array at 20 or 90 cm, are presented here. The existence of a cluster-wide radio halo in the clusters A 665 and CL 0016+16 is confirmed. Both these clusters share the properties of the other clusters with radio halos, i.e. are luminous in X-rays, have high temperature, and show recent merger processes. No diffuse sources are detected in a sample of clusters showing at least a tailed radio galaxy within 300 kpc from the cluster center, indicating that the connection between tailed radio galaxies and halos is not relevant. For these clusters we give limits to the surface brightness and to the angular size of possible undetected diffuse sources.Comment: 16 Figures in separated files. A large ps file with figures (gg-aug00.ps.gz) in the text is avaialble at ftp://terra.bo.cnr.it/papers/journals New Astronomy Vol. 5, p.335, in pres

    Radio Halo and Relic Candidates from the NRAO VLA Sky Survey

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    We present the first results of the search of new halo and relic candidates in the NRAO VLA Sky Survey. We have inspected a sample of 205 clusters from the X-ray-brightest Abell-type clusters presented by Ebeling et al (1996), and found 29 candidates. Out of them, 11 clusters are already known from the literature to contain a diffuse cluster-wide source, while in 18 clusters this is the first indication of the existence of this type of sources. We classify these sources as halos or relics according to their location in the cluster center or periphery, respectively. We find that the occurrence of cluster halos and relics is higher in clusters with high X-ray luminosity and high temperature. We also confirm the correlation between the absence of a cooling flow and the presence of a radio halo at the cluster center.Comment: 25 Pages, 4 Figures included in the text, Figures 3a to 3g in separated files. New Astronomy in pres

    Chandra Observation of the Cluster Environment of a WAT Radio Source in Abell 1446

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    Wide-angle tail (WAT) radio sources are often found in the centers of galaxy clusters where intracluster medium (ICM) ram pressure may bend the lobes into their characteristic C-shape. We examine the low redshift (z=0.1035) cluster Abell 1446, host to the WAT radio source 1159+583. The cluster exhibits possible evidence for a small-scale cluster-subcluster merger as a cause of the WAT radio source morphology. This evidence includes the presence of temperature and pressure substructure along the line that bisects the WAT as well as a possible wake of stripped interstellar material or a disrupted cool core to the southeast of the host galaxy. A filament to the north may represent cool, infalling gas that's contributing to the WAT bending while spectroscopically determined redshifts of member galaxies may indicate some component of a merger occurring along the line-of-sight. The WAT model of high flow velocity and low lobe density is examined as another scenario for the bending of 1159+583. It has been argued that such a model would allow the ram pressure due to the galaxy's slow motion through the ICM to shape the WAT source. A temperature profile shows that the cluster is isothermal (kT= 4.0 keV) in a series of annuli reaching a radius of 400 kpc. There is no evidence of an ongoing cooling flow. Temperature, abundance, pressure, density, and mass profiles, as well as two-dimensional maps of temperature and pressure are presented.Comment: 40 AASTeX pages including 15 postscript figures; accepted for publication in Ap

    Particle reacceleration in Coma cluster: radio properties and hard X-ray emission

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    The radio spectral index map of the Coma halo shows a progressive steepening of the spectral index with increasing radius. Such a steepening cannot be simply justified by models involving continuous injection of fresh particles in the Coma halo or by models involving diffusion of fresh electrons from the central regions. We propose a {\it two phase} model in which the relativistic electrons injected in the Coma cluster by some processes (starbursts, AGNs, shocks, turbulence) during a {\it first phase} in the past are systematically reaccelerated during a {\it second phase} for a relatively long time (‚ąľ\sim 1 Gyr) up to the present time. We show that for reacceleration time scales of ‚ąľ0.1\sim 0.1 Gyr this hypothesis can well account for the radio properties of Coma C. For the same range of parameters which explain Coma C we have calculated the expected fluxes from the inverse Compton scattering of the CMB photons finding that the hard X-ray tail discovered by BeppoSAX may be accounted for by the stronger reacceleration allowed by the model. The possibility of extending the main model assumptions and findings to the case of the other radio haloes is also discussed, the basic predictions being consistent with the observations.Comment: 15 pages, 13 figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    A double radio halo in the close pair of galaxy clusters Abell 399 and Abell 401

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    Radio halos are faint radio sources usually located at the center of merging clusters of galaxies. These diffuse radio sources are rare, having so far been found only in about 30 clusters of galaxies, suggesting that particular conditions are needed to form and maintain them. It is interesting to investigate the presence of radio halos in close pairs of interacting clusters in order to possibly clarify their origin in relation to the evolutionary state of the merger. In this work, we study the case of the close pair of galaxy clusters A399 and A401. A401 is already known to contain a faint radio halo, while a hint of diffuse emission in A399 has been suggested based on the NVSS. To confirm this possibility, we analyzed deeper Very Large Array observations at 1.4 GHz of this cluster. We find that the central region of A399 is permeated by a diffuse low-surface brightness radio emission that we classify as a radio halo with a linear size of about 570 kpc and a central brightness of 0.3 micro-Jy/arcsec^2. Indeed, given their comparatively small projected distance of about 3 Mpc, the pair of galaxy clusters A401 and A399 can be considered as the first example of double radio halo system. The discovery of this double halo is extraordinary given the rarity of these radio sources in general and given that current X-ray data seem to suggest that the two clusters are still in a pre-merger state. Therefore, the origin of the double radio halo is likely to be attributed to the individual merging histories of each cluster separately, rather than to the result of a close encounter between the two systems.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publication in A&

    The Bologna Complete Sample of Nearby Radio Sources

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    We present a new, complete, sample of 95 radio sources selected from the B2 and 3CR catalogues, with z < 0.1. Since no selection effect on the core radio power, jet velocity, or source orientation is present, this sample is well suited for statistical studies. In this first paper we present the observational status of all sources on the parsec (mas) and kiloparsec (arcsec) scale; we give new parsec-scale data for 28 sources and discuss their parsec-scale properties. Combining these data with those in the literature, information on the parsec-scale morphology is available for a total of 53 radio sources with different radio power and kpc-scale morphology. We investigate their properties. We find a dramatically higher fraction of two-sided sources in comparison to previous flux limited VLBI surveys.Comment: 29 pages, 21 figures - ApJ in press (10 Jan 2005 issue
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