1,791 research outputs found

    New records of lichens from the Zeysky Nature Reserve (Amur Region, Russia)

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    The lichen biota of the Zeysky Nature Reserve (southern Russian Far East) was studied in the course of geobotanical expedition. In total 36 species of lichens and one lichenicolous fungus are reported for the first time for the reserve. Among them 19 are new to the Amur Region. Parmelia asiatica is reported for the first time for the southern Russian Far East, Cladonia norvegica – for the Asian part of Russia, Tuckermannopsis gilva – for Russia, Melanohalea laciniatula – for Asia. Four species are included in the Red Data Book of Russian Federation.

    THE OUTLOOK ON THE E-COMMERCE IN RUSSIA IN TERMS OF DIGITAL SINGLE MARKET STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT IN EUROPE: ECONOMIC AND LEGAL ASPECTS

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    The aim of the research is to emphasize the importance of online E-commerce on a worldwide scale in the context of the benefi ts it provides to the national governments. Special attention is paid to the key E-market trends in Russia and European Community with a brief overview of the statistics and analysis data, which proves the necessity for its future development. However, the potential development of e-market in Russia has certain restrictions, connected with the current economic downtown, lack of legal provision and general consumer’s distrust to online transactions. Authors dwell upon the possible ways of overcoming these urgent obstacles according to the European policy of bringing down barriers to unlock online opportunities, which is called the Digital Single Market (DSM). To do that, the paper explores the benefi ts of the DSM Strategy’s introduction in Europe and the reasons whether it could be implemented into the Russia’s frontiers or not. Finally, authors reckon that despite the fact that the several legislative improvements relating to electronic market has been introduced in recent years, there are several efficient suggestions to our government to scrutinize in order to achieve high rates of online sales, bring the economy up and enforce cross-border cooperation

    INNOVATIVE APPROACHES IN DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

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    The article deals with the aspect of the language acquisition through the use of socioculturally contextualized educational materials and applying particular strategies and techniques to improve communicative skills of the students. We have defined a motivation-stimulating sociocultural principle, and presented both theoretical and practical items in terms of socioculturally contextualized educational materials based on the mentioned above principle. The social demand for a linguistically competent personality faces the problem of the lack of the proper effective educational methods in the classroom. The aim of the research is to study the theory and practice of developing the communicative competence via the innovative approaches in language education. The article also introduces the concept of multiculturalism and global citizenship, national values and beliefs in language education as  innovative principles of education, interest to a human being and to another culture as a life skill, we study the definitions of multiculturalism and the phenomenon of interest to a personality, we, identify various types and components within the complex structure of multiculturalism; describe the ways of applications of  the principles of multiculturalism into the classroom. We also suggest a model of developing the communicative competence through innovative approaches (with stages, particular algorithms for a teacher, indicators in students’ behavior)

    On the equations of the analytical dynamics of the quasi-3D plate theory of I. N. Vekua type and some their solutions

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    The plate theory of Nth order is constructed on the background of the Lagrangian variational formalism of analytical dynamics of continuum systems and the dimensional reduction approach of I. N. Vekua – A. A. Amosov. The plate model is defined within the configuration space, the set of field variables, and the Lagrangian density. The field variables are determined by the coefficients of the biorthogonal expansion of the spatial displacement vector field with respect to the dimensionless normal coordinate. The dynamic equations are derived as Lagrange equations of the second kind of the two-dimensional continuum system. The dynamics of the plane elastic layer is considered as an example, the normal wave propagation is described on the basis of refined plate theories of various orders, and the convergence of approximate solutions to the exact solution of the three-dimensional elastodynamics problem is analyzed for different wavenumbers

    New records of lichens and allied fungi from the Eastern Leningrad Region

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    Thirteen species of lichens and one related fungus are reported as new to the Eastern Leningrad Region. Two of them – Arthonia incarnata and Nephromopsis laureri – are also new to the whole Leningrad Region. One species – Lauderlindsaya acroglypta – is new to North-Western European Russia.

    Восточные рассказы для западного читателя: Совмещение традиций в «Легендах» Д. Мамина-Сибиряка

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    The paper analyses Mamin-Sibiriak’s Legends (1898) cycle, which appeared at the time when legends in Russia were at the peak of popularity. The cycle is a masterful stylization of Asian folk tales belonging to some of the minorities of the Russian Empire, and it fuses together Oriental and Occidental literary and geopoetic traditions. The background of the cycle creation and an analysis of the Asian and European roots of the legends reveal the ways in which the two cultures are combined by the author. Mamin-Sibiryak uses Oriental stylization, typical of the folk-lore of minor ethnic groups of the Trans-Urals, on the levels of language and imagery. His artful employment of linguistic and poetic devices such as foreign words, alien names and realias, zoomorphic metaphors and similes, as well as concepts and sets of values not typical of European mentality, misled his contemporaries into thinking that he had published some collected folk material. However, the writer created his own plots, following patterns and motifs mostly characteristic of both Western and Eastern cultures. There are similarities between the plots and the motifs of the cycle and those of the European Romanticism, Buddhism, Indian epics, and Biblical scenes. Consequently, Mamin-Sibiryak’s choice of plots may be aimed at identifying some basic similarities between these traditions. A study of the cycle proves that the impact on the legends by A. Schopenhauer’s philosophy, which exploits ideas shared by Eastern and Western cultures, contributes to the interaction of Occidental and Oriental cultures within the cycle on the underlying levels, though the connotation of some Eastern motifs is contradictory to the Western tradition. While creating the legends, the author did not aim just at making the Russian reader acquainted with the folklore of minority groups. Rather, the chosen ‘alien’ form was intended to help the reader forget about everyday life and perceive some eternal truths concerning morals, history, a person’s predestination, and love. We argue that the writer intentionally combined Eastern and Western cultural and literary traditions to achieve a greater effect on his readers.U radu se analizira Mamin-Sibiryakov ciklus Legende (1898), koji se pojavio u vrijeme kada su legende u Rusiji bile na vrhuncu popularnosti. Ciklus je majstorska stilizacija azijskih narodnih priča koje pripadaju nekim od manjina u Ruskom Carstvu, a spaja orijentalne i zapadne književne i geopoetske tradicije. Pozadina stvaranja ciklusa i analiza azijskih i europskih korijena legendi otkrivaju načine na koje autor spaja te dvije kulture. Mamin-Sibiryak koristi se orijentalnom stilizacijom, tipičnom za usmenu predaju manjih prekouralskih etničkih skupina na razini jezika i slika. Njegova vješta uporaba jezičnih i poetskih sredstava kao što su strane riječi, strana imena i realije, zoomorfne metafore i poredbe, kao i pojmovi i skupovi vrijednosti koji nisu tipični za europski mentalitet, pogrešno su naveli njegove suvremenike na pomisao da je objavio prikupljenu narodnu građu. Međutim, autor je stvorio svoje zaplete, slijedeći obrasce i motive uglavnom karakteristične i za zapadnu i za istočnu kulturu. Postoje sličnosti između zapleta i motiva u njegovu ciklusu i onih iz europskog romantizma, budizma, indijskih epova i biblijskih scena. Prema tome, izbor zapleta Mamin-Sibiryaka možda je usmjeren na identificiranje neke osnovne sličnosti među tim tradicijama. Studija ciklusa pokazuje da Schopenhauerova filozofija, koja se koristi idejama zajedničkim istočnoj i zapadnoj kulturi, utječe na legende te pridonosi interakciji zapadnih i orijentalnih kultura unutar ciklusa na temeljnim razinama, iako je značenje nekih istočnih motiva suprotno zapadnoj tradiciji. Dok je stvarao legende, autor nije imao za cilj samo upoznavanje ruskog čitatelja s folklorom manjinskih skupina. Naprotiv, izabrani „strani“ oblik bio je namijenjen kao pomoć čitatelju da zaboravi na svakodnevnicu i shvati neke vječne istine o moralu, povijesti, ljudskoj sudbini i ljubavi. Mi tvrdimo da je pisac namjerno povezao istočne i zapadne kulturne i književne tradicije kako bi postigao veći utjecaj na svoje čitatelje.В статье анализируется цикл Легенды (1898) Мамина-Сибиряка, опубликованный в то время, когда жанр легенды был на пике популярности в России. Цикл представляет собой искусную стилизацию народных сказаний этнических народностей России, проживавших на ее азиатской части, демонстрируя совмещение восточной и западной литературной и геопоэтической традиций. стория создания цикла и анализ азиатских и европейских корней легенд раскрывают авторский метод совмещения этих традиций. Мамин-Сибиряк использует восточную стилизацию, типичную для фольклора этнических меньшинств Зауралья, на языковом и образном уровне. Среди лингвистических и поэтических средств, убедивших современников в том, что он опубликовал собранный фольклор, были иноязычные слова, незнакомые названия и реалии, а также концепты и ценности, чуждые европейской ментальности. Тем не менее писатель создал собственные сюжеты, опираясь на образцы и мотивы, характерные в целом и для западной, и для восточной культур. Наблюдаются сходства между сюжетами и мотивами цикла и европейского романтизма, буддизма, индийского эпоса, Библии. Выбор сюжетов, вероятно, подчеркивает общность этих традиций. Анализ легенд Мамина-Сибиряка указывает на влияние философии А. Шопенгауэра, в которой также нашли отражение восточная и европейская культура, проявленное в цикле на несюжетном уровне. Создавая легенды, автор не ставил себе целью познакомить русского читателя с фольклором малых народностей. Выбранная „чужая“ форма позволяет читателю забыть о повседневности и вспомнить о вечных истинах, связанных с моралью, историей, предназначением, любовью. Мы полагаем, что писатель намеренно совмещает восточную и европейскую традиции с целью большего влияния на читателя
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