29,137 research outputs found

    Theoretical light curves of dipole oscillations in roAp stars

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    Context. The dipole modes are the most common geometry of oscillations in roAp stars inferred from photometric measurements and are therefore of special interest for asteroseismic purposes. Aims. We present a theoretical and analytical study of the light curves associated with dipole (ℓ = 1) pulsations of roAp stars in the framework of the revisited oblique pulsator model. Methods. We describe the light curves in terms of the inclination and polarization of the elliptical displacement vector of the dipole modes. We study the influence of the magnetic field and rotation on the shape of these light curves for both amplitudes and phases. Results. Despite the inclination of dipole mode with respect to the magnetic axis, we find that the dipole mode can have maxima that are in phase with the magnetic maxima. We apply our formalism to the well-known roAp star HR 3831 (HD 83368) to derive its mode properties. Our results are similar to those obtained by time-series spectroscopy. We also consider the cases of three other roAp stars, HD 6532, HD 99563, and HD 128898 (α Cir). Conclusions. We demonstrate that the formalism of the revisited oblique pulsator model is adequate to explain the properties of the photometric light curves associated with dipole modes in roAp stars. In addition, we show that the coincidence of pulsation and magnetic extrema can also occur for inclined modes with respect to the magnetic axis. With the stars considered in this paper, we conclude that the polarization of the modes present in roAp stars are quasi linearly polarized

    New measurements of magnetic fields of roAp stars with FORS1 at the VLT

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    Magnetic fields play a key role in the pulsations of rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) stars since they are a necessary ingredient of all pulsation excitation mechanisms proposed so far. This implies that the proper understanding of the seismological behaviour of the roAp stars requires knowledge of their magnetic fields. However, the magnetic fields of the roAp stars are not well studied. Here we present new results of measurements of the mean longitudinal field of 14 roAp stars obtained from low resolution spectropolarimetry with FORS1 at the VLT.Comment: 5 pages, accepted for publication in A&

    Time-series spectroscopy of the rapidly oscillating Ap star HR 3831

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    We present time-series spectroscopy of the rapidly oscillating Ap star HR 3831. This star has a dominant pulsation period of 11.7 minutes and a rotation period of 2.85 days. We have analysed 1400 intermediate-resolution spectra of the wavelength region 6100--7100 AA obtained over one week, using techniques similar to those we applied to another roAp star, Alpha Cir. We confirm that the H-alpha velocity amplitude of HR 3831 is modulated with rotation phase. Such a modulation was predicted by the oblique pulsator model, and rules out the spotted pulsator model. However, further analysis of H-alpha and other lines reveal rotational modulations that cannot easily be explained using the oblique pulsator model. In particular, the phase of the pulsation as measured by the width of the H-alpha line varies with height in the line. The variation of the H-alpha bisector shows a very similar pattern to that observed in Alpha Cir, which we have previously attributed to a radial node in the stellar atmosphere. However, the striking similarities between the two stars despite the much shorter period of Alpha Cir (6.8 min) argues against this interpretation unless the structure of the atmosphere is somewhat different between the two stars. Alternatively, the bisector variation is a signature of the degree l of the mode and not the overtone value n. High-resolution studies of the metal lines in roAp stars are needed to understand fully the form of the pulsation in the atmosphere.Comment: 13 pages, 20 figures, accepted by MNRA

    Intracellular control of renin release - an overview

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    The Nainital-Cape Survey -- II:Report for pulsation in five chemically peculiar A-type stars and presentation of 140 null results

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    To search photometric variability in chemically peculiar A type stars in the northern hemisphere. High-speed photometric observations of Ap and Am star candidates have been carried out from ARIES (Manora Peak, Nainital) using a three-channel fast photometer attached to the ARIES 104-cm Sampurnanand telescope. This paper presents three new variables: HD 113878, HD 118660 and HD 207561. During the time span of the survey (1999 December to 2004 January) pulsations of the δ\delta Sct type were also found for the two evolved Am stars HD 102480 and HD 98851, as reported in Joshi et al. (2002, 2003). Additionally, we present 140 null results of the survey for this time span. The star HD 113878 pulsates with a period of 2.31 hr, which is typical of δ\delta Sct stars. HD 118660 exhibits multi-periodic variability with a prominent period of nearly 1 hr. These periods need to be investigated and make HD 118660 a particularly interesting target for further observations. For HD 207561, a star classified as Am, a probable pulsation with a period of 6 min was found in the light curves obtained on two consecutive nights. Both HD 102480 and HD 98851 exhibit unusual alternating high and low amplitude maxima, with a period ratio of 2:1. The analysis of the null results confirms the photometric quality of the NainitalComment: 14 pages, 13 figures, Accepted for publication in A&

    Composite mobile system for holographic nondestructive testing

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    Innovation provides a single system flexible enough to test objects ranging from large amplitude displacement and/or velocities down to extremely small displacements and/or velocities by making only a few minor adjustments in the component arrangements

    Photography of random motion with a holographic camera

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    Three-dimensional system uses two additional mirrors and path compensators. It is essentially three mutually-orthogonal one-dimensional systems with common focus. Laser beam is split into four parts, three of which are object beams; and fourth is reference beam. Size of each ellipse depends on magnitude of velocity vectors

    A 3D study of the photosphere of HD 99563 - I. Pulsation analysis

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    We have used high-speed spectroscopy of the rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) star HD 99563 to study the pulsation amplitude and phase behaviour of elements in its stratified atmosphere over one 2.91-d rotation cycle. We identify spectral features related to patches in the surface distribution of chemical elements and study the pulsation amplitudes and phases as the patches move across the stellar disc. The variations are consistent with a distorted non-radial dipole pulsation mode. We measure a 1.6 km s−1 rotational variation in the mean radial velocities of Hα and argue that this is the first observation of Hα abundance spots caused by He settling through suppression of convection by the magnetic field on an oblique rotator, in support of a prime theory for the excitation mechanism of roAp star pulsation. We demonstrate that HD 99563 is the second roAp star to show aspect dependence of blue-to-red running wave line profile variations in Nd iii spots
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