120 research outputs found

    Detection of CO(J=1-0) Emission from Barred Spiral Galaxies at z~0.1

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    We present the results of CO (J=1-0) observations towards nine barred spiral galaxies at z=0.08-0.25 using the 45-m telescope at Nobeyama Radio Observatory (NRO). This survey is the first one specialized for barred spiral galaxies in this redshift range. We detected CO emission from six out of nine galaxies, whose CO luminosity (L_CO') ranges (1.09-10.8)\times10^9 K km s^{-1} pc^2. These are the infrared (IR) dimmest galaxies that have ever been detected in CO at z~0.1 to date. They follow the L_CO'-L_IR relation among local spiral galaxies, Luminous Infrared Galaxies (LIRGs), Ultra-Luminous Infrared Galaxies (ULIRGs) and Sub-millimeter Galaxies (SMGs). Their L_CO' and L_IR are higher than that of local spiral galaxies which have been detected in CO so far, and L_IR/L'_CO, which is a measure of star formation efficiency, is comparable to or slightly higher than that of local ones. This result suggests that these galaxies are forming stars more actively than local spirals galaxies simply because they have more fuel.Comment: 9 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication in PAS

    Central Spiral Structure of Molecular Gas in Maffei 2

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    Distribution and kinematics of molecular gas in the central region of the barred spiral galaxy Maffei 2 were investigated using a data set of 12CO(1-0), 12CO(2-1), CS(2-1) lines and 103 GHz continuum. We found that the offset ridges along the kpc-scale bar continue to the central spiral structure embedded in the weak oval structure which is regarded as x2 orbit in the bar potential. The spiral structure continues toward the center diverging from the oval structure. The size of these structures is less than R ~ 100 pc. The mass concentration within R = 35 pc is estimated to be 2 X 10^8 Mo. The high mass concentration is consistent with theoretical predictions concerning the creation of such a nuclear spiral structure. A comparison with the tracers of dense gas and star-forming region suggests that the dense molecular gas traced by CS(2-1) line is formed at the crossing points of x1 and x2 orbits and the star-forming region appears after 2 X 10^5 yr which is comparable with the free-fall time of the dense gas traced by the CS line (~ 10^5 cm^-3).Comment: 7 pages, 10 figures, Publication of Astronomical Society of Japan, in pres

    CO (J=1-0) Observation of the cD Galaxy of AWM7: Constraints on the Evaporation of Molecular Gas

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    We have searched for molecular gas in the cD galaxy of a poor cluster of galaxies AWM7 using Nobeyama 45 m telescope. We do not detect CO emission in the galaxy. Our limit of molecular gas in the inner 7.5 kpc is M_H_2< 4 x 10^8 M_sun. We estimate the total mass of molecular gas left in the cD galaxy when the gas deposited by a cooling flow once becomes molecular gas and the molecular gas is continuously evaporated by the ambient hot gas. The observational limit of molecular gas requires f >~ 10^{-3}, where f is the ratio of the heat conduction rate to that of Spitzer. However, this contradicts recent X-ray observations showing f<10^{-5}. Thus, the non-detection of CO cannot be explained by the evaporation, and most of the cooled gas predicted by a cooling flow model may not change into molecular gas in the cD galaxy. Moreover, we estimate the evaporation time of molecular clouds brought to a cD galaxy through the capture of gas-rich galaxies and find that these clouds should not be evaporated if f <~ 10^{-3}-10^{-4}. Therefore, the non-detection of CO in a cD galaxy could constrain the total mass of the molecular clouds brought into it.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figure, to be published in PAS

    A Search for Water Masers in the Saturnian System

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    We searched for H2O 6(1,6)-5(2,3) maser emission at 22.235 GHz from several Saturnian satellites with the Nobeyama 45m radio telescope in May 2009. Observations were made for Titan, Hyperion, Enceladus and Atlas, for which Pogrebenko et al. (2009) had reported detections of water masers at 22.235 GHz, and in addition for Iapetus and other inner satellites. We detected no emission of the water maser line for all the satellites observed, although sensitivities of our observations were comparable or even better than those of Pogrebenko et al.. We infer that the water maser emission from the Saturnian system is extremely weak, or sporadic in nature. Monitoring over a long period and obtaining statistical results must be made for the further understanding of the water maser emission in the Saturnian system.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figures, accepted for publication in PASJ (Letter

    Detection of Molecular Clouds in the Interarm of the Flocculent Galaxy NGC 5055

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    We present high-resolution (~ 4") 12CO (J = 1 - 0) mapping observations with high - velocity resolution (~ 2.6 km s^{-1}) toward the disk of flocculent galaxy NGC 5055, using the Nobeyama Millimeter Array in order to study the physical properties of the molecular clouds in the arm and the interarm. The obtained map shows clumpy structures. Although these are mainly distributed along a spiral arm seen in near-infrared observations, some clouds are located far from the arm, namely in the interarm. These clouds in both the arm and the interarm have a typical size and mass of a few 100 pc and a few 10^6 Mo, respectively. These correspond to the largest Giant Molecular Cloud (GMC) in our Galaxy, and are slightly smaller than Giant Molecular Associations (GMAs) in the grand design spiral M 51. Their CO flux-based masses show good agreement with their virial masses. A size - velocity dispersion relation is also plotted on an extension of the relation for the Galactic GMCs. These facts suggest that the properties of these clouds are similar to that of the Galactic GMCs. We also found no clear systematic offset between the molecular gas and HII regions unlike M 51. This fact and no existense of GMAs suggest the view that, in NGC 5055, cloud formation and following star formation in both the arm and the interarm are due to enhancement of gas by local fluctuation. On the other hand, in grand design spiral galaxies, such as M 51, GMA formations may occur only in the arm due to a strong density wave also enhanced star formation in GMA formation may also occur. These may control the optical morphology of spiral arms in spiral galaxies.Comment: 16 pages, 8 figure