556 research outputs found

    Supergravity Tensor Calculus in 5D from 6D

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    Supergravity tensor calculus in five spacetime dimensions is derived by dimensional reduction from the d=6 superconformal tensor calculus. In particular, we obtain an off-shell hypermultiplet in 5D from the on-shell hypermultiplet in 6D. Our tensor calculus still retains the dilatation gauge symmetry so that it becomes a trivial gauge fixing to make the Einstein term canonical in a general matter-Yang-Mills-supergravity coupled system.Comment: 38 pages, no figures, LaTeX, version to appear in PTP 104(2000),835-86

    Off-shell d=5 Supergravity coupled to Matter-Yang-Mills System

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    We present an off-shell formulation of matter-Yang-Mills system coupled to supergravity in five dimensional space-time. We give an invariant action for the general system of vector multiplets and hypermultiplets coupled to supergravity as well as the supersymmetry transformation rules. All the auxiliary fields are kept un-eliminated so that the supersymmetry transformation rules remain unchanged even when the action is changed.Comment: 36 pages, no figures, LaTeX, version to appear in PTP 105(2001),323-35

    Coupling Supersymmetric Nonlinear Sigma Models to Supergravity

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    It is known that supersymmetric nonlinear sigma models for the compact Kahler manifolds G/H cannot be consistently coupled to supergravity, since the Kahler potentials are not invariant under the G transformation. We show that the supersymmetric nonlinear sigma models can be deformed such that the Kahler potential be exactly G-invariant if and only if one enlarges the manifolds by dropping all the U(1)'s in the unbroken subgroup H. Then, those nonlinear sigma models can be coupled to supergravity without losing the G invariance.Comment: 14 pages, LaTeX2

    Two- and three-point Green's functions in two-dimensional Landau-gauge Yang-Mills theory

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    The ghost and gluon propagator and the ghost-gluon and three-gluon vertex of two-dimensional SU(2) Yang-Mills theory in (minimal) Landau gauge are studied using lattice gauge theory. It is found that the results are qualitatively similar to the ones in three and four dimensions. The propagators and the Faddeev-Popov operator behave as expected from the Gribov-Zwanziger scenario. In addition, finite volume effects affecting these Green's functions are investigated systematically. The critical infrared exponents of the propagators, as proposed in calculations using stochastic quantization and Dyson-Schwinger equations, are confirmed quantitatively. For this purpose lattices of volume up to (42.7 fm)^2 have been used.Comment: 14 pages, 14 figures, 4 tables, references adde

    Gravitational Supersymmetry Breaking

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    We consider supersymmetry breaking models with a purely constant superpotential in supergravity. The supersymmetry breaking is induced for the vanishing cosmological constant. As a hidden mediation sector of supersymmetry breaking, it naturally leads to a split spectrum in supersymmetric standard model. We also point out possible utility of our setup to construct nonlinear sigma model and/or Fayet-Iliopoulos-like term in broken supergravity.Comment: 6 page

    Mass Matrices in E6 Unification

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    We study a supersymmetric E6 grand unified model in which the SU(5) 5^* components are twisted in the third generation 27. Supplementing the adjoint Higgs field to a model analyzed previously, we calculate the mass matrices for the up and down quarks and charged leptons. Although the number of free parameters is less than that of observables, an overall fitting to the observed masses and mixing angles is shown to be possible. Most notably, we find two novel, parameter-independent relations between the lepton 2-3 mixing angle and the quark masses and CKM mixing angles that are in good agreement with the large lepton mixing recently observed.Comment: 33 pages, 5 figures, typos correcte

    Dynamical radion superfield in 5D action

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    We derive 5D N=1 superspace action including the radion superfield. The radion is treated as a dynamical field and identified as a solution of the equation of motion even in the presence of the radius stabilization mechanism. Our derivation is systematic and based on the superconformal formulation of 5D supergravity. We can read off the couplings of the dynamical radion superfield to the matter superfields from our result. The correct radion mass can be obtained by calculating the radion potential from our superspace action.Comment: 29 pages, no figures, LaTeX, some comments adde

    Large Lepton Mixing in a Coset-space Family Unification on E7/SU(5)×U(1)3E_7/SU(5) \times U(1)^3

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    We study a coset-space unification model for families based on E7/SU(5)×U(1)3E_7/SU(5) \times U(1)^3. We find that qualitative structure of quark and lepton mass matrices in this model describes very well the observation. We stress, in particular, that the large mixing angle, sin22θνμντ1\sin^22\theta_{\nu_\mu\nu_\tau} \simeq 1, required for the atmospheric neutrino oscillation reported by the SuperKamiokande collaboration, is naturally obtained, which is a consequence of unparallel family structure in the present coset-space unification.Comment: 8 pages, Latex2

    Exploratory study of three-point Green's functions in Landau-gauge Yang-Mills theory

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    Green's functions are a central element in the attempt to understand non-perturbative phenomena in Yang-Mills theory. Besides the propagators, 3-point Green's functions play a significant role, since they permit access to the running coupling constant and are an important input in functional methods. Here we present numerical results for the two non-vanishing 3-point Green's functions in 3d pure SU(2) Yang-Mills theory in (minimal) Landau gauge, i.e. the three-gluon vertex and the ghost-gluon vertex, considering various kinematical regimes. In this exploratory investigation the lattice volumes are limited to 20^3 and 30^3 at beta=4.2 and beta=6.0. We also present results for the gluon and the ghost propagators, as well as for the eigenvalue spectrum of the Faddeev-Popov operator. Finally, we compare two different numerical methods for the evaluation of the inverse of the Faddeev-Popov matrix, the point-source and the plane-wave-source methods.Comment: 18 pages, 12 figures, 3 table

    Superfield description of 5D supergravity on general warped geometry

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    We provide a systematic and practical method of deriving 5D supergravity action described by 4D superfields on a general warped geometry, including a non-BPS background. Our method is based on the superconformal formulation of 5D supergravity, but is easy to handle thanks to the superfield formalism. We identify the radion superfield in the language of 5D superconformal gravity, and clarify its appearance in the action. We also discuss SUSY breaking effects induced by a deformed geometry due to the backreaction of the radius stabilizer.Comment: 25 pages, no figures, LaTeX, final version to appear in JHE
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