29 research outputs found

    L’apprentissage politique en zones d’exclusion, de conflits et d’organisation populaire

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    Cet article √©value diff√©rentes approches th√©oriques de l‚Äôapprentissage politique en situations d‚Äôexclusion sociale, de conflits et d‚Äôorganisation populaire, par l‚Äô√©tude d‚Äôun groupe de favelas situ√©es en bordure du centre-ville de Florian√≥polis, dans l‚Äô√Čtat de Santa Catarina, au Br√©sil. Une de ces situations d‚Äôexclusion est pr√©sent√©e dans la premi√®re partie du texte. La deuxi√®me partie d√©crit l‚Äôapproche qui √©tudie l‚Äôapprentissage politique parmi les √©lites. La troisi√®me partie examine quant √† elle les approches de la recherche sur la culture politique de la population, tandis que la quatri√®me partie pr√©sente une approche alternative de l‚Äôapprentissage politique, d√©riv√©e de la th√©orie de l‚Äôaction communionnelle de J√ľrgen Habermas. Cet article soul√®ve donc des questions th√©oriques qui touchent l‚Äôapprentissage politique et cherchent des solutions concr√®tes aux probl√®mes li√©s √† l‚Äôorganisation populaire. L‚Äôobjectif est de mieux comprendre comment ce processus d‚Äôapprentissage a √©volu√© jusqu‚Äô√† maintenant et ce qui doit √™tre fait pour am√©liorer et acc√©l√©rer son d√©veloppement. Cette analyse pourrait servir d‚Äô√©tude de cas de l‚Äôapprentissage politique dans des zones d‚Äôexclusion sociale et d‚Äôorganisation populaire et avoir des implications g√©n√©rales pour le Br√©sil.This work discusses some theoretical approaches to political learning, in situations of social exclusion, conflict, and popular organization. The paper relates these approaches to the study of a group of favelas adjacent to downtown Florian√≥polis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. One such situation is described in the first part. The second part discusses the approach to the study of political learning among this case‚Äôs elites¬†; the third part examines approaches to the research on political culture among the population¬†; and the fourth part outlines an alternative approach to political learning derived from J√ľrgen Habermas‚Äôs theory of communicative action. Therefore, these notes raise theoretical questions about political learning looking for solutions to the practical problems of popular organization. The aim of this project is to understand how this process has evolved until now and what should be done to improve and accelerate its development. It may serve as a case study of political learning with general implications for Brazil in zones of social exclusion and popular organization

    Aprendizado político em territórios de exclusão, conflito e organização popular (notas de pesquisa)

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    This paper discusses some interfaces between the approaches to political learning, and their reference to situations of social exclusion, conflict and popular organization. The first part of the paper discusses the approach to the study of political learning among the elites; the second part examines approaches to research of political culture among the masses; and the third part outlines an alternative approach to political learning derived from J√ľrgen Habermas‚Äôs theory of ‚Äúcommunicative action‚ÄĚ. In the paper these approaches are applied to the study of a territory of exclusion, conflict, and popular organisation (a group of favelas in downtown Florian√≥polis, Santa Catarina, Brazil). Finally, the paper outlines some procedures to achieve a more general understanding of political learning. Key words: political learning, elites, social exclusion, conflict, popular organization.Este trabalho discute algumas interfaces entre as abordagens ao aprendizado pol√≠tico e sua refer√™ncia a situa√ß√Ķes de exclus√£o social, conflito e organiza√ß√£o popular. A primeira parte examina a abordagem ao estudo do aprendizado pol√≠tico entre as elites; a segunda parte considera as abordagens √† pesquisa da cultura pol√≠tica de massas; e a terceira esbo√ßa uma abordagem alternativa derivada da teoria da ‚Äúa√ß√£o comunicativa‚ÄĚ de J√ľrgen Habermas. No decorrer do trabalho, essas abordagens s√£o referidas ao estudo de um territ√≥rio de exclus√£o, conflito e organiza√ß√£o popular (um grupo de favelas no centro de Florian√≥polis, Santa Catarina). Finalmente, esbo√ßam-se alguns procedimentos para atingir uma compreens√£o mais geral do aprendizado pol√≠tico. Palavras-chave: aprendizado pol√≠tico, elites, cultura pol√≠tica, exclus√£o social, conflito, organiza√ß√£o popular

    Profile of brazilian youth: questions about political culture and democratic participation

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    This article raises questions for the formation of hypotheses about the possible changes and present features of youth political culture in Brazil. It is aimed at preparation for an analysis of the data of a national survey (‚Äú‚ÄĚProfile of Brazilian Youth‚ÄĚ) undertaken by the S√£o Paulo ‚ÄúInstituto Cidadania‚ÄĚ in November 2003. It is intended that the analysis should take into account the results and interpretations presented by previous surveys of youth political culture, both in Brazil and abroad. The first part of the article examines the Brazilian youth‚Äôs commitments (as well as lack of commitment) to democracy, through indicators and interpretations, of conventional political participation. The second part considers other data and interpretations of political participation, which are held to be unconventional. The latter include the value-orientations and associational practices of the youth. The text will be included as a chapter of the book ‚ÄúRetratos da Juventude Brasileira‚ÄĚ (provisional title) co-edited by Helena Wendel Abramo and Paulo Martoni Branco for the ‚ÄúInstituto Cidadania‚ÄĚ and ‚ÄúFunda√ß√£o Perseu Abramo‚ÄĚ

    Aprendizado político em territórios de exclusão, conflito e organização popular (notas de pesquisa)

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    This paper discusses some interfaces between the approaches to political learning, and their reference to situations of social exclusion, conflict and popular organization. The first part of the paper discusses the approach to the study of political learning among the elites; the second part examines approaches to research of political culture among the masses; and the third part outlines an alternative approach to political learning derived from J√ľrgen Habermas‚Äôs theory of ‚Äúcommunicative action‚ÄĚ. In the paper these approaches are applied to the study of a territory of exclusion, conflict, and popular organisation (a group of favelas in downtown Florian√≥polis, Santa Catarina, Brazil). Finally, the paper outlines some procedures to achieve a more general understanding of political learning. Key words: political learning, elites, social exclusion, conflict, popular organization.Este trabalho discute algumas interfaces entre as abordagens ao aprendizado pol√≠tico e sua refer√™ncia a situa√ß√Ķes de exclus√£o social, conflito e organiza√ß√£o popular. A primeira parte examina a abordagem ao estudo do aprendizado pol√≠tico entre as elites; a segunda parte considera as abordagens √† pesquisa da cultura pol√≠tica de massas; e a terceira esbo√ßa uma abordagem alternativa derivada da teoria da ‚Äúa√ß√£o comunicativa‚ÄĚ de J√ľrgen Habermas. No decorrer do trabalho, essas abordagens s√£o referidas ao estudo de um territ√≥rio de exclus√£o, conflito e organiza√ß√£o popular (um grupo de favelas no centro de Florian√≥polis, Santa Catarina). Finalmente, esbo√ßam-se alguns procedimentos para atingir uma compreens√£o mais geral do aprendizado pol√≠tico. Palavras-chave: aprendizado pol√≠tico, elites, cultura pol√≠tica, exclus√£o social, conflito, organiza√ß√£o popular

    CAR√äNCIAS E SUJEITOS SOCIAIS: UMA ESTRAT√ČGIA PARA O SEU DES(EN)COBRIMENTO

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    The fact that fundamental postulates and theories in urban sociology arebeing questioned generates, in this articie, a theoretical and methodological discussionon the theme of urban needs, considerating some of the central pointsof the marxist approach and of what is being called ‚Äúmethodological individualism‚ÄĚ.The author‚Äôs choice lies in analysing these needs as historical mediationsor ‚Äúmicro-foundations" of society, in order to avoid problems generated by the‚Äúhegelian legacy‚ÄĚ which opposes deterministic ‚Äúobjectivism" and voluntaristic‚Äúnormativism‚ÄĚ.La mise en question des postulats et cadres th√©oriques fondamentaux deIa sociologie urbaine suscitent, ici, une r√©flection th√®orique et m√©thodologique √†partir du th√©me des carences, consid√©rant quelques points centraux de l‚Äôapprochemarxiste et de ce qu‚Äôil est convenu appeler ‚Äúindividualisme m√©thodologique‚ÄĚ.L‚Äôoption de I‚Äôauteur est d'analyser les carences en tant que m√©diationshistoriques ou ‚Äúmicro-fondations‚ÄĚ de Ia soci√©te, pour √©viter une rechute dans Iaprobl√©matique du "l√©gat heg√©lien‚ÄĚ qui oppose un ‚Äúobjectivisme‚ÄĚ d√©terministe etun ‚Äúnormativisme‚ÄĚ volontariste.A preocupa√ß√£o com o questionamento dos postulados e quadros te√≥ricosfundamentais da sociologia urbana gera uma reflex√£o te√≥rica e metodol√≥gica apartir do tema das car√™ncias, considerando alguns pontos centrais da abordagemmarxista e do que se convencionou chamar ‚Äúindividualismo metodol√≥gico‚ÄĚ.A op√ß√£o do autor √© de analisar as car√™ncias como media√ß√Ķes hist√≥ricas ou‚Äúmicrofundamentos‚ÄĚ da sociedade, para evitar a reca√≠da na problem√°tica do ‚Äúlegadohegeliano‚ÄĚ que contrap√Ķe o ‚Äúobjetivismo‚ÄĚ determinista e o ‚Äúnormativismo‚ÄĚvoluntarista

    Cultural democratization and the politics of recognition: notes on the trajectory of the workers¬ī party (PT)

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    These research notes raise the hypothesis that the Worker¬īs Party (PT) actively participates in the cultural democratization of the country - for instance, through its initiatives for the recognition of the citizen¬īs sociopolitical and cultural diversity. First, there is a need to distinguish between the policies of socioeconomic redistribution and those policies geared to sociopolitical and cultural recognition. Second, it is also necessary to focus on the relations between participatory policies and changes in the political culture. Such relations may show that the increasing support to democracy accompanies the recognition of pluralism and of the right to difference, among the youth, and in the locations administered by the PT during the last decade

    A cultura pol√≠tica em Porto Alegre e Curitiba:: democracia, moderniza√ß√£o e o conte√ļdo da raz√£o p√ļblica

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    Este  estudo  compara  certas  caracter√≠sticas  b√°sicas  da cultura  pol√≠tica  nas  cidades  de  Curitiba  e  Porto  Alegre,  analisando  as suas  diferen√ßas  e  converg√™ncias  como  formas  locais  complementares de  manifesta√ß√£o  da  conquista  da  cidadania,  em  distintos  contextos hist√≥rico-sociais,  durante  o  processo  de  democratiza√ß√£o  da  esfera p√ļblica.  Este  trabalho  se  op√Ķe  aos  estudos  emp√≠ricos  convencionais da  cultura  pol√≠tica,  inspirados  nas  teorias  da  moderniza√ß√£o, argumentando  contra  o  vi√©s  determinista  desses  estudos,  e  os procedimentos  de  hipergeneraliza√ß√£o  por  eles  geralmente  adotados. O  estudo  argumenta  por  uma  abordagem  que  retrate  e  interprete  o pluralismo  constitutivo  da  cultura  pol√≠tica,  expresso  no  exerc√≠cio  da cidadania  durante  os  processos  de  democratiza√ß√£o.     &nbsp
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