3,113 research outputs found

    Summary of the Experimental part of the XXXIVth Rencontre de Moriond

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    I summarise the experimental results presented during the hadronic session of the XXXIVth Rencontre de Moriond.Comment: Moriond summary talk, Les Arcs, March 20-27, 1999, 15 page

    Challenges for precision measurements at the LHC

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    Challenges for precision measurements at the LHC are discussed and a proposal how to move forward to overcome the LHC-specific precision brick-walls is presented.Comment: 4 pages, Presented at the ICISE Inaugural Conference "Windows on the Universe" - Quy Nhon, Vietnam, August 11-17, 201

    Charge asymmetries of lepton transverse momenta in Drell-Yan processes at the LHC

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    Charged lepton transverse momenta in the Drell-Yan processes play an important role at the LHC in precision measurements of the Standard Model parameters, such as the W-boson mass and width, their charge asymmetries and sin^2(theta_W). Therefore, their distributions should be described as accurate as possible by the Monte Carlo event generators. In this paper we discuss the problem of matching the hard-process kinematics of the Monte Carlo generator WINHAC with the parton-shower kinematics of the PYTHIA 6.4 generator while interfacing these two programs. We show that improper assignment of the quark and antiquark effective momenta in the LO matrix element computations may affect considerably the predicted lepton transverse momenta and even completely reverse their charge asymmetries at the LHC. We propose two matching schemes in which the NLO QCD distributions of the leptonic kinematical variables can be well reproduced by the LO WINHAC generator.Comment: 18 pages, 8 figure

    Drell-Yan processes with WINHAC

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    We present the Monte Carlo event generator WINHAC for Drell-Yan processes in proton-proton, proton-antiproton, proton-ion and ion-ion collisions. It features multiphoton radiation within the Yennie-Frautschi-Suura exclusive exponentiation scheme with O(alpha) electroweak corrections for the charged-current (W+/W-) processes and multiphoton radiation generated by PHOTOS for neutral-current (Z+gamma) ones. For the initial-state QCD/QED parton shower and hadronisation it is interfaced with PYTHIA. It includes several options, e.g. for the polarized W-boson production, generation of weighted/unweighted events, etc. WINHAC was cross-checked numerically at the per-mille level with independent Monte Carlo programs, such as HORACE and SANC. It has been used as a basic tool for developing and testing some new methods of precise measurements of the Standard Model parameters at the LHC, in particular the W-boson mass. Recently, it has been applied to simulations of double Drell-Yan processes resulting from double-parton scattering, in order to assess their influence on the Higgs-boson detection at the LHC in its ZZ and W+W- decay channels.Comment: 8 pages; presented at the XXXVII International Conference of Theoretical Physics "Matter To The Deepest", Ustron, Poland, 1-6 September 2013; to appear in Acta Physica Polonica

    Luminosity measurement method for the LHC: The detector requirements studies

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    Absolute normalisation of the LHC measurements with a precision of O(1%) is desirable but beyond the reach of the present LHC detectors. This series of papers proposes and evaluates a measurement method capable to achieve such a precision target. In our earlier paper we have selected the phase-space region where the lepton pair production cross section in pp collisions at the LHC can be controlled with < 1 % precision and is large enough to reach a comparable statistical accuracy of the absolute luminosity measurement on the day-by-day basis. In the present one the performance requirements for a dedicated detector, indispensable to efficiently select events in the proposed phase-space region, are discussed.Comment: 26 pages, 13 figure

    Gamma Factory high-intensity muon and positron source -- exploratory studies

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    One of the fundamental challenges for the future leptonic colliders and neutrino factories as well as for the high-sensitivity studies of lepton universality is to design and construct new high-intensity sources of muons and positrons. The next-generation sources should increase the intensity of the presently operating ones by at least three orders of the magnitude and include an important option of producing longitudinally polarised leptons. The main effort to achieve this goal has been focused, so far, on the proton-beam-driven muon sources and electron-beam-driven positron sources. In this paper, we present exploratory studies of an alternative scheme which is based on high-intensity megawatt-class photon beams. Such beams could be delivered in the future by the Gamma Factory (GF) project. One of the GF multiple goals is to increase the energy range (by more than one order of magnitude) and the intensity (by more than six orders of magnitude) of the presently operating photon sources. Such a leap can be achieved by extending the present hadron-collider modus operandi of the LHC with the new GF-operation-mode, allowing to collide atomic beams with laser pulses. The exploratory studies presented in this paper demonstrate that more than 1013^{13} muons of both signs and more than 1016^{16} electrons/positrons per second can be produced by the GF source

    Luminosity Measurement Method for LHC: The theoretical precision and the experimental challenges

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    This is the first of the series of papers which present a precision method of the day-by-day monitoring of the absolute LHC luminosity. The method is based on the measurement of the rate of coplanar lepton pairs produced in peripheral collisions of the beams' particles. In the present paper we evaluate the modeling precision of the lepton pair production processes in proton-proton collisions, optimize the measurement region to achieve better than 1% accuracy of the predicted rates, and discuss the experimental challenges to filter out the luminosity monitoring lepton pairs at LHC

    The Gamma Factory path to high-luminosity LHC with isoscalar beams

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    There are two main ways to increase LHC luminosity without upgrading CERN injectors: (1) modification of beam-collision optics and (2) reduction of beam transverse emittance. The former is followed in the ongoing high-luminosity upgrade of the LHC (HL-LHC), while the latter, applicable only to ion beams, is described in this contribution. The reduction of the beam emittance can be achieved by employing a laser-cooling technique to bunches of partially stripped ions at the SPS flat-top energy. In the case the isoscalar calcium beams fulfilling the presentbeam-operation constrains, the transverse beam emittance can be reduced in this way by a factor of 5 during the 8 second long cooling phase. This would allow to reach the nucleon–nucleon luminosity L_NN = 4.2 x 10^34 s^(-1)cm^(-2), which is comparable to the levelled luminosity for the HL-LHC proton–proton collisions, but with reduced pile-up background. The calcium–calcium collisions have several advantages over the proton–proton collisions for the electroweak physics, such as precision measurements of the W-boson mass and sin^2_W, clean observation of the Higgs boson decay into bbar in its photoproduction channel or BSM phenomena. If this scheme is confirmed by the future Gamma Factory proof-of-principle experiment, it could be implemented at CERN with minor infrastructure investments. This contribution is based on Ref. [1

    Luminosity Measurement Method for the LHC: Event Selection and Absolute Luminosity Determination

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    Absolute normalisation of the LHC measurements with O(1%) precision and their relative normalisation, for the data collected at variable centre-of-mass energies, or for variable beam particle species, with O(0.1%) precision is crucial for the LHC experimental programme but presently beyond the reach for the general purpose LHC detectors. This paper is the third in the series of papers presenting the measurement method capable to achieve such a goal.Comment: 31 pages, 15 figure