200 research outputs found

    Interplay of Direct and Indirect Searches for New Physics

    Full text link
    We report recent work on the interplay of collider and flavour physics regarding the search for physics beyond the Standard Model.Comment: 4 pages, based on an invited talk at PANIC11, MIT, Cambridge, USA, 24.-29.7.201

    Status of Higgs couplings after Run-1 of the LHC using Lilith 1.0

    Full text link
    We provide an update of the global fits of the couplings of the 125.5 GeV Higgs boson using all publicly available experimental results from Run-1 of the LHC as per Summer 2014. The fits are done by means of the new public code Lilith 1.0. We present a selection of results given in terms of signal strengths, reduced couplings, and for the Two-Higgs-Doublet Models of Type I and II.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figure

    Diagnosing Degenerate Higgs Bosons at 125 GeV

    Full text link
    We develop diagnostic tools that would provide incontrovertible evidence for the presence of more than one Higgs boson near 125 GeV in the LHC data.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    The phenomenological MSSM in view of the 125 GeV Higgs data

    Full text link
    The parameter space of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM) is explored by means of Markov Chain Monte Charlo (MCMC) methods, taking into account the latest LHC results on the Higgs signal at 125 GeV in addition to relevant low-energy observables and LEP constraints. We use a Bayesian approach to derive posterior densities for the parameters and observables of interests. We find in particular that the Higgs measurements have a significant impact on the parameters mu and tan beta due to radiative corrections to the bottom Yukawa coupling. We show moreover the impact of the most recent dark matter measurements on the probability distributions, and we discuss prospects for the next run of the LHC at 13-14 TeV.Comment: 28 pages, 13 figures; v2: matches version accepted for publication in PR

    Thermal leptogenesis and the gravitino problem in the Asaka-Yanagida axion/axino dark matter scenario

    Full text link
    A successful implementation of thermal leptogenesis requires the re-heat temperature after inflation T_R to exceed ~2\times 10^9 GeV. Such a high T_R value typically leads to an overproduction of gravitinos in the early universe, which will cause conflicts, mainly with BBN constraints. Asaka and Yanagida (AY) have proposed that these two issues can be reconciled in the context of the Peccei-Quinn augmented MSSM (PQMSSM) if one adopts a mass hierarchy m(sparticle)>m(gravitino)>m(axino), with m(axino) keV. We calculate the relic abundance of mixed axion/axino dark matter in the AY scenario, and investigate under what conditions a value of T_R sufficient for thermal leptogenesis can be generated. A high value of PQ breaking scale f_a is needed to suppress overproduction of axinos, while a small vacuum misalignment angle \theta_i is needed to suppress overproduction of axions. The large value of f_a results in late decaying neutralinos. To avoid BBN constraints, the AY scenario requires a low thermal abundance of neutralinos and high values of neutralino mass. We include entropy production from late decaying saxions, and find the saxion needs to be typically at least several times heavier than the gravitino. A viable AY scenario suggests that LHC should discover a spectrum of SUSY particles consistent with weak scale supergravity; that the apparent neutralino abundance is low; that a possible axion detection signal (probably with m_axion in the sub-micro-eV range) should occur, but no direct or indirect signals for WIMP dark matter should be observed.Comment: 28 pages including 21 .eps figures; high resolution pdf version available at http://www.nhn.ou.edu/~bae

    Reconciling thermal leptogenesis with the gravitino problem in SUSY models with mixed axion/axino dark matter

    Full text link
    Successful implementation of thermal leptogenesis requires re-heat temperatures T_R\agt 2\times 10^9 GeV, in apparent conflict with SUSY models with TeV-scale gravitinos, which require much lower T_R in order to avoid Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) constraints. We show that mixed axion/axino dark matter can reconcile thermal leptogenesis with the gravitino problem in models with m_{\tG}\agt 30 TeV, a rather high Peccei-Quinn breaking scale and an initial mis-alignment angle \theta_i < 1. We calculate axion and axino dark matter production from four sources, and impose BBN constraints on long-lived gravitinos and neutralinos. Moreover, we discuss several SUSY models which naturally have gravitino masses of the order of tens of TeV. We find a reconciliation difficult in Yukawa-unified SUSY and in AMSB with a wino-like lightest neutralino. However, T_R\sim 10^{10}-10^{12} GeV can easily be achieved in effective SUSY and in models based on mixed moduli-anomaly mediation. Consequences of this scenario include: 1. an LHC SUSY discovery should be consistent with SUSY models with a large gravitino mass, 2. an apparent neutralino relic abundance \Omega_{\tz_1}h^2\alt 1, 3. no WIMP direct or indirect detection signals should be found, and 4. the axion mass should be less than \sim 10^{-6} eV, somewhat below the conventional range which is explored by microwave cavity axion detection experiments.Comment: 25 pages including 15 .eps figures; updated version to coincide with published versio

    Prospects for Yukawa Unified SO(10) SUSY GUTs at the CERN LHC

    Get PDF
    The requirement of t-b-\tau Yukawa coupling unification is common in simple grand unified models based on the gauge group SO(10), and it also places a severe constraint on the expected spectrum of superpartners. For Yukawa-unified models with \mu >0, the spectrum is characterized by three mass scales: {\it i}). first and second generation scalars in the multi-TeV range, {\it ii}). third generation scalars, \mu and m_A in the few-TeV range and {\it iii}). gluinos in the \sim 350-500 GeV range with chargino masses around 100-160 GeV. In such a scenario, gluino pair production should occur at large rates at the CERN LHC, followed by gluino three-body decays into neutralinos or charginos. Discovery of Yukawa-unified SUSY at the LHC should hence be possible with only 1 fb^{-1} of integrated luminosity, by tagging multi-jet events with 2--3 isolated leptons, without relying on missing E_T. A characteristic dilepton mass edge should easily be apparent above Standard Model background. Combining dileptons with b-jets, along with the gluino pair production cross section information, should allow for gluino and neutralino mass reconstruction. A secondary corroborative signal should be visible at higher integrated luminosity in the W1Z2-> 3\ell channel, and should exhibit the same dilepton mass edge as in the gluino cascade decay signal.Comment: 25 pages including 18 EPS figure

    The Flavour of Natural SUSY

    Get PDF
    An inverted mass hierarchy in the squark sector, as in so-called "natural supersymmetry", requires non-universal boundary conditions at the mediation scale of supersymmetry breaking. We propose a formalism to define such boundary conditions in a basis-independent manner and apply it to generic scenarios where the third-generation squarks are light, while the first two generation squarks are heavy and near-degenerate. We show that not only is our formalism particularly well-suited to study such hierarchical squark mass patterns, but in addition the resulting soft terms at the TeV scale are manifestly compatible with the principle of minimal flavour violation, and thus automatically obey constraints from flavour physics.Comment: 19 pages, 4 figures; v2: matches journal versio

    Constraints on and future prospects for Two-Higgs-Doublet Models in light of the LHC Higgs signal

    Full text link
    We analyze the Two-Higgs-Doublet Models (2HDMs) of Type I and II for consistency with the latest measurements of the ~125.5 GeV Higgs-like signal at the LHC. To this end, we perform scans of the 2HDM parameter space taking into account all relevant pre-LHC constraints as well as the most recent limits coming from searches for heavy Higgs-like states at the LHC. The current status of the 2HDMs of Type I and II is discussed assuming that the observed 125.5 GeV state is one of the two CP-even Higgs bosons, either the lighter h or the heavier H. Implications for future experiments, including expectations regarding other lighter or heavier Higgs bosons are given. The possible importance of heavier Higgs bosons feeding the signals for the 125.5 GeV state is also evaluated.Comment: 52 pages, 32 figures, match to the published versio

    Electroweak Phase Transition and LHC Signatures in the Singlet Majoron Model

    Full text link
    We reconsider the strength of the electroweak phase transition in the singlet Majoron extension of the Standard Model, with a low (~TeV) scale of the singlet VEV. A strongly first order phase transition, of interest for electroweak baryogenesis, is found in sizeable regions of the parameter space, especially when the cross-coupling lambda_{hs}|S|^2|H|^2 between the singlet and the doublet Higgs is significant. Large Majorana Yukawa couplings of the singlet neutrinos, y_i S nu_i^c nu_i, are also important for strengthening the transition. We incorporate the LEP and Tevatron constraints on the Higgs masses, and electroweak precision constraints, in our search for allowed parameters; successful examples include singlet masses ranging from 5 GeV to several TeV. Models with a strong phase transition typically predict a nonstandard Higgs with mass in the range 113 GeV < m_H < 200 GeV and production cross sections reduced by mixing with the singlet, with cos^2(theta) significantly less than 1. We also find examples where the singlet is light and the decay H -> SS can modify the Higgs branching ratios relative to Standard Model expectations.Comment: 36 pages, 18 figure
    • …
    corecore