2,616 research outputs found

### Theoretical studies of photoexcitation and ionization in H_2O

Theoretical studies are reported of the complete dipole excitation and ionization spectrum in H_2O employing Franck–Condon and static‐exchange approximations. Large Cartesian Gaussian basis sets are used to represent the required discrete and continuum electronic eigenfunctions at the ground‐state equilibrium geometry, and previously devised moment‐theory techniques are employed in constructing the continuum oscillator‐strength densities from the calculated spectra. Detailed comparisons are made of the calculated excitation and ionization profiles with recent experimental photoabsorption studies and corresponding spectral assignments, electron impact–excitation cross sections, and dipole (e, 2e)/(e, e+ion) and synchrotron‐radiation studies of partial‐channel photoionization cross sections. The various calculated excitation series in the outer‐valence (1b(^−1)_1, 3a(^−1)_1, 1b(^−1)_2) region are found to include contributions from valence‐like 2b_2 (σ*) and 4a_1(γ*) virtual orbitals, as well as appropriate nsa_1, npa_1, nda_1, npb_1, npb_2, ndb_1, ndb_2, and nda_2 Rydberg states. Transition energies and intensities in the ∼7 to 19 eV interval obtained from the present studies are seen to be in excellent agreement with the measured photoabsorption cross section, and to provide a basis for detailed spectral assignments. The calculated (1b(^−1)_1)X(^ 2)B_1, (3a_1(^−1))^2A_1, and (1b_2(^−1))(^2)B_2 partial‐channel cross sections are found to be largely atomic‐like and dominated by 2p→kd components, although the 2b_2(σ*) orbital gives rise to resonance‐like contributions just above threshold in the 3a_1→kb_2 and 1b_2→kb_2 channels. It is suggested that the latter transition couples with the underlying 1b_1→kb_1 channel, accounting for a prominent feature in the recent high‐resolution synchrotron‐radiation measurements. When this feature is taken into account, the calculations of the three outer‐valence channels are in excellent accord with recent synchrotron‐radiation and dipole (e, 2e) photoionization cross‐sectional measurements. The calculated inner‐valence (2a_1(^−1)) cross section is also in excellent agreement with corresponding measured values, although proper account must be taken of the appropriate final‐state configuration‐mixing effects that give rise to a modest failure of the Koopmans approximation, and to the observed broad PES band, in this case. Finally, the origins of the various spectral features present in the measured 1a_1 oxygen K‐edge electron energy‐loss profile in H_2O are seen to be clarified fully by the present calculations

### Soft gluon resummation for squark and gluino pair-production at hadron colliders

We report on the study of soft gluon effects in the production of squarks and
gluinos at hadron colliders. Close to production threshold, the emission of
soft gluon results in the appearence of large logarithmic corrections in the
theoretical expressions. In order to resum these corrections at
next-to-leading-logarithmic accuracy appropriate one-loop anomalous dimensions
have to be calculated. We present the calculation of the anomalous dimensions
for all production channels of squarks and gluinos and provide numerical
predictions for the Tevatron and the LHC.Comment: 6 pages, talk given at RADCOR 2009 - 9th International Symposium on
Radiative Corrections (Applications of Quantum Field Theory to Phenomenology)
October 25-30 2009, Ascona, Switzerlan

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