1,750 research outputs found

    Status of the CMS pixel detector

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    After 10 years of design and construction the CMS pixel detector has been installed and commissioned. The pixel detector which has two parts, barrel layers and forward disks, consists of 66~M pixels of 100¬†őľm√ó150¬†őľm100~{\mu}m{\times}150~{\mu}m size. In the paper the detector installation, commissioning and the results of the detector testing is presented. The basic electronic parameters of the detector like noise, threshold and the analog signal calibration are shown. The detector performance is illustrated by showing the pixel response uniformity and the number of dead channels

    Simulation of Heavily Irradiated Silicon Pixel Sensors and Comparison with Test Beam Measurements

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    Charge collection measurements performed on heavily irradiated p-spray DOFZ pixel sensors with a grazing angle hadron beam provide a sensitive determination of the electric field within the detectors. The data are compared with a complete charge transport simulation of the sensor which includes signal trapping and charge induction effects. A linearly varying electric field based upon the standard picture of a constant type-inverted effective doping density is inconsistent with the data. A two-trap double junction model implemented in the ISE TCAD software can be tuned to produce a doubly-peaked electric field which describes the data reasonably well. The modeled field differs somewhat from previous determinations based upon the transient current technique. The model can also account for the level of charge trapping observed in the data.Comment: 8 pages, 11 figures. Talk presented at the 2004 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, October 18-21, Rome, Italy. Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Scienc

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton‚Äďproton collisions at ‚ąös = 7 TeV

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    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb[superscript ‚ąí1]. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.United States. Dept. of EnergyNational Science Foundation (U.S.)Alfred P. Sloan Foundatio

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an