772 research outputs found

    Nanomechanical testing of ODS steels irradiated with 1 MeV/amu heavy ions

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    Heavy ion beams with high damage production rate are widely used to evaluate radiation tolerance of promising nuclear reactor materials, such as oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys, including their mechanical properties. Since typical ion projected ranges do not exceed 1 micron, nanoindentation technique is the most convenient method for examination of irradiated materials. In present work we report data on radiation hardening of several ODS steels irradiated with 107 MeV Kr and 167 MeV Xe ions. Some samples were irradiated trough the special Al-foil filter in order to obtain the unfolding damage profile on the surface. The post-irradiation testing steels included conventional nanoindentation measurements and CSM for determination of possible size effects associated with indentation size effect as well as soft surface effect. Swift heavy ion induced changes in microstructure evolution were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was found that hardening of the ODS steels irradiated with krypton and xenon ions of fission fragment energy for damage dose about 1 dpa level is in the range 5-25% (figure 1). TEM examination have revealed complete amorphization of carbide and (Y,Ti) oxide particles in ferritic matrices as a result of multiple amorphous latent track overlapping. At the same time no dissolution of nano-oxide particles was observed. This implies that radiation hardening is not due to changes in morphology of nanoparticles

    2017 update of the WSES guidelines for emergency repair of complicated abdominal wall hernias

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    Emergency repair of complicated abdominal wall hernias may be associated with worsen outcome and a significant rate of postoperative complications. There is no consensus on management of complicated abdominal hernias. The main matter of debate is about the use of mesh in case of intestinal resection and the type of mesh to be used. Wound infection is the most common complication encountered and represents an immense burden especially in the presence of a mesh. The recurrence rate is an important topic that influences the final outcome. A World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) Consensus Conference was held in Bergamo in July 2013 with the aim to define recommendations for emergency repair of abdominal wall hernias in adults. This document represents the executive summary of the consensus conference approved by a WSES expert panel. In 2016, the guidelines have been revised and updated according to the most recent available literature.Peer reviewe

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton‚Äďproton collisions at ‚ąös = 7 TeV

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    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb[superscript ‚ąí1]. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.United States. Dept. of EnergyNational Science Foundation (U.S.)Alfred P. Sloan Foundatio

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an