1,807 research outputs found

    Exercícios de equaçÔes diferenciais ordinårias

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    The increasing of quality requirements of state regulation of economy in solving of social tasks

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    © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, London.The authors consider the problem of increasing in society’s demands to the quality of government regulation as an objective process of globalization. From this perspective, the level of population satisfaction of the activity of the state, as a regulatory institution, is reviewed. The assessment of the degree of availability of public goods reflects the increasing of the relationship between public goods and the improvement of human capital. As a result, it creates new needs for public goods

    Identification and Characterization of a New Tubulin-Binding

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    We studied the mechanism of action of 3,5-dibromo-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (JG-03-14) and found that it is a potent microtubule depolymerizer. JG-03-14 caused a dose-dependent loss of cellular microtubules, formation of aberrant mitotic spindles, accumulation of cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle, and Bcl-2 phosphorylation. These events culminated in the initiation of apoptosis, as evidenced by the caspase 3-dependent cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). JG-03-14 has antiproliferative activity against a wide range of cancer cell lines, with an average IC50 value of 62 nM, and it is a poor substrate for transport by P-glycoprotein. JG-03-14 inhibited the polymerization of purified tubulin in vitro, consistent with a direct interaction between the compound and tubulin. JG-03-14 potently inhibited the binding of [3H]colchicine to tubulin, suggesting that it bound to tubulin at a site overlapping the colchicine site. JG-03-14 had antitumor effects in the PC3 xenograft model, in which it caused greater than 50% reduction in tumor burden after 14 days of treatment. Molecular modeling studies indicated that the dimethoxyphenyl group of JG-03-14 occupies a space similar to that of the trimethoxyphenyl group of colchicine. However, the 2,3,5-trisubstituted pyrrole group, which is connected to the dimethoxyphenyl moiety, interacted with both α and ÎČ tubulin in space not shared with colchicine, suggesting significant differences compared with colchicine in the mechanism of binding to tubulin. Our results suggest that this tetransubstituted pyrrole represents a new, biologically active chemotype for the colchicine site on tubulin

    Mechanochemical Synthesis of Doped Apatite-type Lanthanum Silicates

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    In this paper, our results on mechanochemical synthesis of ATLS are summarized. The effect of the dopant type, its parent compound nature and amount of water on the Al and Fe-doped ATLS formation as well as possible phenomenological models of mechanism of apatitetype silicates synthesis are considered. As lanthanum and silicon sources, the La2O3 and SiO2∙nH2O have been taken. As dopant precursors, Fe- and Al-oxides and hydroxides, Fe(HCOO)3, SiO2 impregnated with nitrates have been taken. The apatite formation in the course of milling is studied by XRD, TEM, 29Si and 27Al MAS NMR, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The key role of intermediate La(OH)3 formation, acid-base reactions and double-contact generation in the many-component mixtures due to aluminum or ferrosilicate formation for the rapid MCS of doped ATLS is shown. The doped ATLS formation via the topotactic mechanism was observed in the case of mixtures containing Al(OH)3 and SiO2 impregnated with nitrates. The water presence favours fast passing of acid-base reactions, however a large quantity of water may lead to ATLS formation via the activated mixture amorphization

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    This paper presents measurements of the W+→Ό+ÎœW^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu and W−→Ό−ΜW^- \rightarrow \mu^-\nu cross-sections and the associated charge asymmetry as a function of the absolute pseudorapidity of the decay muon. The data were collected in proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 20.2~\mbox{fb^{-1}}. The precision of the cross-section measurements varies between 0.8% to 1.5% as a function of the pseudorapidity, excluding the 1.9% uncertainty on the integrated luminosity. The charge asymmetry is measured with an uncertainty between 0.002 and 0.003. The results are compared with predictions based on next-to-next-to-leading-order calculations with various parton distribution functions and have the sensitivity to discriminate between them.Comment: 38 pages in total, author list starting page 22, 5 figures, 4 tables, submitted to EPJC. All figures including auxiliary figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/STDM-2017-13

    Search for direct stau production in events with two hadronic tau-leptons in root s=13 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS detector