3,232 research outputs found

### Cyclic Identities Involving Jacobi Elliptic Functions

We state and discuss numerous mathematical identities involving Jacobi elliptic functions sn(x,m), cn(x,m), dn(x,m), where m is the elliptic modulus parameter. In all identities, the arguments of the Jacobi functions are separated by either 2K(m)/p or 4K(m)/p, where p is an integer and K(m) is the complete elliptic integral of the first kind. Each p-point identity of rank r involves a cyclic homogeneous polynomial of degree r (in Jacobi elliptic functions with p equally spaced arguments) related to other cyclic homogeneous polynomials of degree r-2 or smaller. Identities corresponding to small values of p,r are readily established algebraically using standard properties of Jacobi elliptic functions, whereas identities with higher values of p,r are easily verified numerically using advanced mathematical software packages.Comment: 14 pages, 0 figure

### Exact Solution of a N-body Problem in One Dimension

Complete energy spectrum is obtained for the quantum mechanical problem of N one dimensional equal mass particles interacting via potential $V(x_1,x_2,...,x_N) = g\sum^N_{i < j}{1\over (x_i-x_j)^2} - {\alpha\over \sqrt{\sum_{i < j} (x_i-x_j)^2}}$ Further, it is shown that scattering configuration, characterized by initial momenta $p_i (i=1,2,...,N)$ goes over into a final configuration characterized uniquely by the final momenta $p'_i$ with $p'_i=p_{N+1-i}$.Comment: 8 pages, tex file, no figures, sign in the first term on the right hand side of eq.3 correcte

### Cyclic Identities Involving Jacobi Elliptic Functions. II

Identities involving cyclic sums of terms composed from Jacobi elliptic functions evaluated at $p$ equally shifted points on the real axis were recently found. These identities played a crucial role in discovering linear superposition solutions of a large number of important nonlinear equations. We derive four master identities, from which the identities discussed earlier are derivable as special cases. Master identities are also obtained which lead to cyclic identities with alternating signs. We discuss an extension of our results to pure imaginary and complex shifts as well as to the ratio of Jacobi theta functions.Comment: 38 pages. Modified and includes more new identities. A shorter version of this will appear in J. Math. Phys. (May 2003

### Some Exact Results for Mid-Band and Zero Band-Gap States of Associated Lame Potentials

Applying certain known theorems about one-dimensional periodic potentials, we show that the energy spectrum of the associated Lam\'{e} potentials $a(a+1)m~{\rm sn}^2(x,m)+b(b+1)m~{\rm cn}^2(x,m)/{\rm dn}^2(x,m)$ consists of a finite number of bound bands followed by a continuum band when both $a$ and $b$ take integer values. Further, if $a$ and $b$ are unequal integers, we show that there must exist some zero band-gap states, i.e. doubly degenerate states with the same number of nodes. More generally, in case $a$ and $b$ are not integers, but either $a + b$ or $a - b$ is an integer ($a \ne b$), we again show that several of the band-gaps vanish due to degeneracy of states with the same number of nodes. Finally, when either $a$ or $b$ is an integer and the other takes a half-integral value, we obtain exact analytic solutions for several mid-band states.Comment: 18 pages, 2 figure

### Local Identities Involving Jacobi Elliptic Functions

We derive a number of local identities of arbitrary rank involving Jacobi elliptic functions and use them to obtain several new results. First, we present an alternative, simpler derivation of the cyclic identities discovered by us recently, along with an extension to several new cyclic identities of arbitrary rank. Second, we obtain a generalization to cyclic identities in which successive terms have a multiplicative phase factor exp(2i\pi/s), where s is any integer. Third, we systematize the local identities by deriving four local master identities'' analogous to the master identities for the cyclic sums discussed by us previously. Fourth, we point out that many of the local identities can be thought of as exact discretizations of standard nonlinear differential equations satisfied by the Jacobian elliptic functions. Finally, we obtain explicit answers for a number of definite integrals and simpler forms for several indefinite integrals involving Jacobi elliptic functions.Comment: 47 page

### Exact Solutions of the Two-Dimensional Discrete Nonlinear Schr\"odinger Equation with Saturable Nonlinearity

We show that the two-dimensional, nonlinear Schr\"odinger lattice with a saturable nonlinearity admits periodic and pulse-like exact solutions. We establish the general formalism for the stability considerations of these solutions and give examples of stability diagrams. Finally, we show that the effective Peierls-Nabarro barrier for the pulse-like soliton solution is zero

### Soliton Lattice and Single Soliton Solutions of the Associated Lam\'e and Lam\'e Potentials

We obtain the exact nontopological soliton lattice solutions of the Associated Lam\'e equation in different parameter regimes and compute the corresponding energy for each of these solutions. We show that in specific limits these solutions give rise to nontopological (pulse-like) single solitons, as well as to different types of topological (kink-like) single soliton solutions of the Associated Lam\'e equation. Following Manton, we also compute, as an illustration, the asymptotic interaction energy between these soliton solutions in one particular case. Finally, in specific limits, we deduce the soliton lattices, as well as the topological single soliton solutions of the Lam\'e equation, and also the sine-Gordon soliton solution.Comment: 23 pages, 5 figures. Submitted to J. Math. Phy

### New Shape Invariant Potentials in Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics

Quantum mechanical potentials satisfying the property of shape invariance are well known to be algebraically solvable. Using a scaling ansatz for the change of parameters, we obtain a large class of new shape invariant potentials which are reflectionless and possess an infinite number of bound states. They can be viewed as q-deformations of the single soliton solution corresponding to the Rosen-Morse potential. Explicit expressions for energy eigenvalues, eigenfunctions and transmission coefficients are given. Included in our potentials as a special case is the self-similar potential recently discussed by Shabat and Spiridonov.Comment: 8pages, Te

### Exact Moving and Stationary Solutions of a Generalized Discrete Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation

We obtain exact moving and stationary, spatially periodic and localized solutions of a generalized discrete nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation. More specifically, we find two different moving periodic wave solutions and a localized moving pulse solution. We also address the problem of finding exact stationary solutions and, for a particular case of the model when stationary solutions can be expressed through the Jacobi elliptic functions, we present a two-point map from which all possible stationary solutions can be found. Numerically we demonstrate the generic stability of the stationary pulse solutions and also the robustness of moving pulses in long-term dynamics.Comment: 22 pages, 7 figures, to appear in J. Phys.

### New classes of quasi-solvable potentials, their exactly-solvable limit and related orthogonal polynomials

We have generated, using an sl(2,R) formalism, several new classes of quasi-solvable elliptic potentials, which in the appropriate limit go over to the exactly solvable forms. We have obtained exact solutions of the corresponding spectral problems for some real values of the potential parameters. We have also given explicit expressions of the families of associated orthogonal polynomials in the energy variable.Comment: 14 pages, 5 tables, LaTeX2
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