132 research outputs found

    The double insult: explaining gender differences in the psychological consequences of war

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    Although women have been shown to be at higher mental health risk following the experience of extreme events in war, this phenomenon is not fully understood. In the present study, we investigate the role of gender norms in determining the interpretation of events and the degree of social support given to victims. Thirty-eight survivors from the Kosovo conflict in 1999 were interviewed and data was analyzed using thematic and content analysis. The findings suggest that events which are seen as affirming gender norms (such as men who were injured in fighting the enemy) evoke pride in the victim and support from the community whereas events that are seen as undermining gender norms (such as women who are sexually assaulted) evoke shame in the victim and rejection by the community. Women, we suggest, are psychologically vulnerable both because they are more likely than men to experience identity undermining events and also because the consequences of such events are more severe for women than men

    Citizenship and belonging in a women's immigration detention centre

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    This chapter draws on six months of fieldwork in IRC Yarl’s Wood, Britain’s primary immigration removal centre for women, to explore the racialised logic of citizenship and nationality that underpin border control. Using women’s testimonies, it seeks to ‘give voice’ to an otherwise ilenced custodial population. In doing so, it seeks to enrich the predominantly theoretical literature on border control and challenge its pessimistic view of such places merely as ‘zones of exclusion.’ A second and related goal is to demonstrate the salience of detention centres – and migration - for criminological research on race/ethnicity. Detention centres are complex and nuanced sites where issues of race and nationality are under constant debate. While the government restricts migration, such places play an increasingly important role both in determining and managing populations who are unwelcome and in setting out a British national identity