3,313 research outputs found

    Toward an Unconditional Right to Vote for Persons with Mental Disabilities: Reconciling State Law with Constitutional Gaurantees

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    Casting a ballot is a primary form of community participation in the United States. This exercise provides citizens with a means to safeguard their legal rights and effectuate change. Nevertheless, some citizens, such as people with mental disabilities, are often denied this fundamental right solely based upon their status. These citizens have faced a long history of pernicious discrimination at the hands of their communities, legislators, and even the courts. Yet, social policy has begun to evolve in light of more nuanced understandings of mental disabilities. This knowledge has also spurred the reform of state and federal law. While the prospect of change looms high, in the context of voting, some states lag behind and recent jurisprudence demands that they reform voter eligibility requirements. This Note calls for all states to ensure that the right to vote is a presumptive right of the mentally disabled, to facilitate its exercise, and to deny it by a clear and fair standard that only excludes the mentally incapacitated when there is a clear lack of understanding of the nature and effect of voting

    Atypical cystic fibrosis: from the genetic causes to current and future treatments

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    Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a life threatening autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene, leading to irregular secretions and inflammation in tubular organs. Disease manifestations of CF are heterogeneous in severity and can be present in the sinopulmonary, hepatic, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tract. Since the 1960’s, physicians and scientists have described a less severe form of CF known as atypical CF, usually seen in adults. Patients with atypical CF tend to have one severe CF mutation on one chromosome, and one less common, mild CF mutation on their other chromosome; or have one severe mutation on one chromosome and an abnormal number of trinucleotide repeats in the CFTR gene on their other chromosome. Today, of the approximately 1000 patients diagnosed with CF per year in the United States, roughly 10% are diagnosed with the atypical presentation of the disease as adults. Patients suffering from atypical CF typically have only one organ system that is dysfunctional, and their clinical symptoms may be less severe than those of a classical case where there are two severe CF mutations. Common symptoms include idiopathic bronchiectasis, chronic sinusitis, congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD), and idiopathic pancreatitis. Unlike patients suffering from the classical presentation of the disease, most are pancreatic sufficient – however the possibility of pancreatic insufficiency still exists. Patients with atypical CF represent a diagnostic challenge for physicians due to the mild, slowly progressing array of clinical symptoms, the general lack of knowledge about atypical CF, and the general association of CF as a childhood disease. Increasing physician awareness of the adult population with CF is a paramount in improving the diagnosis, care and treatment of patients with atypical CF. Missed diagnoses can result in hospital admissions and morbidity that may have been avoidable. The goal of this thesis is to describe the causes of CF, the common symptoms seen in both CF and atypical CF, the proper diagnosis of atypical CF, and to identify the therapies, both current and in development, used to treat atypical CF

    Are there sex differences in reaction to different types of sexual infidelity?

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    Evolutionary theory based research shows that women and men can differ in their responses to sexual and emotional infidelity. However, research has not examined the question of whether men and women react similarly or differently to a partner’s engagement in different types of sexual infidelity. The present research sought to answer this question. Based on the aforementioned prior research, and short term mating desires, sex differences in reactions to different types of sexual infidelity were not expected. Both women and men were expected to report higher levels of upset when a partner engaged in sexual intercourse rather than when a partner engaged in oral sex, heavy petting, or kissing with another person. The results were consistent with the hypothesis. Both men and women were most upset by a partner’s engagement in sexual intercourse with another person. These findings are discussed in terms of prior research

    Half a Mile to Hope

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    When you first see the football team from Frederick Douglass Academy in East Harlem, you can tell they have an edge. A certain swagger that says this team has something to prove. Their athleticism is scrappy, their personalities are animated, and their motivation is a dirt field, half a mile from the school. That’s where they walk every day in the fall to practice. Instead of a football field, it’s a city park with a softball infield in each corner. The outfield grass in the middle is torn up from the team’s cleats. A cloud of dust is kicked up and hangs in the air. The players don mismatched practice jerseys and some have spray-painted helmets. Some of them come from poverty, single-parent homes, or crime-riddled neighborhoods. And even though the program started just four years ago, the Lions have played in two straight conference championship games. The Lions\u27 success led them to move up from the Cup Conference to the Bowl Conference in 2017, where they played against tougher competition. For the first time in nearly three years they struggled through the season, and if not for a late winning streak, they would have missed the playoffs. Instead, they found themselves in a round-one matchup against an experienced team that would go down to the wire and end in thrilling fashion. https://ryan-j-kelley.github.io/final-project

    Dust in Comet C/2007 N3 (Lulin)

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    We report optical imaging, optical and near-infrared polarimetry, and Spitzer mid-infrared spectroscopy of comet C/2007 N3 (Lulin). Polarimetric observations were obtained in R (0.676 micron) at phase angles from 0.44 degrees to 21 degrees with simultaneous observations in H (1.65 micron) at 4.0 degrees, exploring the negative branch in polarization. Comet C/2007 N3 (Lulin) shows typical negative polarization in the optical as well as a similar negative branch near-infrared wavelengths. The 10 micron silicate feature is only weakly in emission and according to our thermal models, is consistent with emission from a mixture of silicate and carbon material. We argue that large, low-porosity (akin to Ballistic Particle Cluster Aggregates) rather absorbing aggregate dust particles best explain both the polarimetric and the mid-infrared spectral energy distribution.Comment: 18 pages, 9 figures, 3 table

    Shaping Educator Sensemaking in Complex Systems? Policy-Directed Teacher Evaluation Models as Boundary Objects

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    This study examined a state-wide, policy-directed teacher evaluation model implemented across public schools and educator preparation programs. Such models are grounded in a theory of action that situates teacher learning within social relationships, yet does not account for the complexity of systems. Results challenge policy’s implicit theory that an evaluation model can function as a boundary object to create a common understanding of good teaching and positively impact teacher professional practice. We found contradictory evidence that the model served as a boundary object that facilitated shared sensemaking as mediated understandings of good teaching collided with expectations in classroom contexts
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