5,315 research outputs found

    “A Certain Stigma” of Educational Radio: Judith Waller and “Public Service” Broadcasting

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    This paper explores Judith Waller’s radio programming philosophy over her career that began in 1922 at WMAQ Chicago. In the 1940s, representing the interests of her employer NBC, Waller began to use the phrase “public service” as a way to break free of the “stigma” of educational radio. The concept of public service programming shifted during the 1930s and 1940s in the US, redefined and negotiated in response to assumptions about radio listeners, the financial motivations of commercial radio, and Federal Communications Commission rulings. This paper brings renewed attention to the past and present political economy of media in the US, providing a window into the historically complex relationship between commercial and noncommercial media that continues to this day

    The Aesthetic Turn: Toward a Television Aesthetic (Again)

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    Defining a Medium: The Educational Aspirations for Early Radio

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    This essay examines the attempts by many writers to steer the burgeoning U.S. radio industry towards educational uses and programming in the 1920s. At the same time that commercial radio began to take shape, several competing and seemingly incompatible visions of the airwaves emerged—one of which privileged the use of radio for educational purposes. Using discourse from trade journals, general interest magazines, and newspapers, this article explores the calls for educational programming amid the rapidly expanding and consolidating commercial radio industry

    Sound Recognition of Historical Visibility: The Radio Preservation Task Force of the Library of Congress: Introduction

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    This issue of Journal of Radio & Audio Media serves as a gesture toward increasing attention to many untold cultural sound histories. The “question” of radio preservation, we’re just coming to realize, closely equates to our responsibility to identify gaps within our historical record, as those gaps are delineated along race, class, orientation, and gendered lines. Sound preservation turns out to be one strategy for how to reconcile failures of recognition. It’s widely accepted that a historian must not project a different meaning upon historical materials than its author intended. Yet at the same time historians might now play the role of advocates, by increasing representation through digital preservation. Sound history is one of the last frontiers to build paths of visibility among scattered records. The Radio Preservation Task Force (RPTF) of the National Recording Preservation Board of the Library of Congress represents one such project. National in scope but local in focus, the RPTF is currently in the process of constructing several interconnected initiatives that will culminate in a detailed mapping of the cultural history of radio, so as to reveal previously hidden experiences, events, and perspectives

    Electromagnetic interference aspects of integrating a UHF/VHF receiver onboard Mariner 5

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    Electromagnetic interference assessment in integration of Mariner 5 UHF/VHF receive

    Propagation of Errors for Matrix Inversion

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    A formula is given for the propagation of errors during matrix inversion. An explicit calculation for a 2 by 2 matrix using both the formula and a Monte Carlo calculation are compared. A prescription is given to determine when a matrix with uncertain elements is sufficiently nonsingular for the calculation of the covariances of the inverted matrix elements to be reliable.Comment: 18 pages, 4 figures, figure 4 contains two eps file

    The Implementation of Common Core: Graphic Novels In the Classroom

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    The Common Core State Standards are alive and thriving in schools across the nation, and teachers are constantly looking for the best possible ways to implement these rigorous standards with student interests in mind. These standards set goals, or benchmarks, for students to reach at any specified grade level throughout their primary and secondary education; school districts, administrators, and teachers have the choice of deciding how students meet these standards. As a pre-service teacher who will enter the teaching profession, I examine how graphic novels can be implemented into the English Language Arts classroom by analyzing Maus, Persepolis, and Bleach through different schools of criticism and arguing how these texts can be complex. This study shows how graphic novels can be read in the classroom with theory and how the pictures and words lead to a deep structural meaning of the text. I decided to use graphic novels because they are a very popular genre of young adult literature. Teaching graphic novels can be a stepping stone for sparking student interests in reading and meeting the goals given by the English Language Arts CCSS. The intention of this study is to look at diverse texts in realm of the young adult literature and to provide ways in which graphic novels can be successfully implemented into classrooms to meet the Common Core State Standards