30 research outputs found

    Applying the thresholds for clinical importance for fourteen key domains of the EORTC QLQ-C30: A Latent Class Analysis of Cancer Survivors.

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    A person’s quality of life is impacted from the beginning of their oncology experience. One of the most common tools to measure quality of life is the EORTC QLQ-C30. The absolute scores it produces can be difficult to interpret in the clinical setting, and thresholds to help identify those who require intervention have recently been introduced. The aim of this research was to identify heterogeneity of these thresholds for clinical importance using latent class analysis in cancer survivors (those undergoing and those who have completed treatment) attending a hospital in the northwest of Ireland. We identified 3 distinct classes of cancer survivors, using Mplus 6.11: high clinical impact (13.9%), compromised physical function (40.3%) and low clinical impact (45.9%). The compromised physical function group were slightly more likely to be older (OR = 1.042, p < .05, CI = 1.000–1.086), not employed (OR = 8.347, p < .01, CI = 2.092–33.305), have lower PG-SGA scores (OR = .826, p < .001, CI = .755–.904), and not have been diagnosed in the last 2 years (OR = .325, p < .05, CI = .114–.923) compared to the high clinical impact group. The low clinical impact group were more likely to be female (OR = 3.288, p < .05, CI = 1.281–1.073), not employed (OR = 10.129, p < .01, CI = 2.572–39.882), have a lower BMI (OR = .921, p < .05, CI = .853–.994), and lower PG-SGA scores (OR = .656, p < .001, CI = .573–.750) than the high clinical impact group. Functional and symptom issues impact on quality of life, and therefore, identifying those of clinical importance is crucial for developing supportive care strategies

    Nutrition Practices among Adult Cancer Survivors Living on the Island of Ireland: A Cross-Sectional Study

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    The purpose of this research was to explore the nutrition practices among post-treatment cancer survivors across Ireland. Cancer survivors aged 18+ years living across Ireland, who were not palliative and had completed active cancer treatment at least six months previous, were recruited to complete an online survey assessing dietary quality, food choice and satisfaction with food-related life as well as clinical and nutrition status. It was circulated by cancer support networks and on social media. Descriptive statistics are presented. The cohort (n = 170) was predominantly female (85.9%) and had breast cancer (64.7%). Mean age was 51.5 ± 10.9 years and 42.7% of the cohort were >five years post-treatment. Only 20% and 12% of the cohort had been assessed by a dietitian during and post-treatment, respectively. The mean dietary quality score was 10.3 ± 1.7, which was measured by the Leeds short-form food frequency questionnaire (SFFFQ). Using a 5-point Likert scale, the median satisfaction with food-related life score was 19 (3.3), which evaluates cognitive judgements on the person’s food-related life. The food choice questionnaire (FCQ) assesses the relative importance of a range of factors related to dietary choice to individuals. The primary determinant of food choice in this cohort was the natural content (31.7%) followed by health (24.7%). Vitamin and mineral supplement use was reported by 69.8% of the cohort; the most consumed was Vitamin D. Four themes emerged from an optional open-ended question: awareness of nutritional importance; desire for specific nutritional advice and dietetic referral; cancer and treatment nutrition impacts were highlighted; as well as struggles with weight gain. This research provides useful insight into the nutrition practices of Irish cancer survivors. A desire and need for individualised and specific advice are evident

    The Relationship Between Diet and Lifestyle Behaviours in a Sample of Higher Education Students; A Cross-Sectional Study

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    Transitioning into higher education (HE) impacts health behaviours. Poor dietary and lifestyle behaviours may correlate and increase risk of co-morbidities. The introduction of the Okanagan Charter detailed the important role of health promotion within a HE setting. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between dietary quality and lifestyle behaviours of students attending HE

    The Prevalence of Weak Handgrip Strength in Ambulatory Oncology Patients and its Relationship with Quality of Life

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    Muscle strength as a proxy for muscle function has emerged as a predictor of nutritional status in both clinical as well as epidemiological studies. Hand grip strength (HGS) is a reliable non-invasive test of muscle strength. Dynapenia (weak strength) is independently associated with loss of physical functionality, quality of life (QoL) characteristics and reduced survival. The first aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dynapenia using handgrip strength (HGS) in ambulatory oncology patients and if this had an impact on quality of life (QoL). This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the oncology day ward and outpatient clinic in Sligo University Hospital (SUH). To assess QoL, participants completed the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). Isometric handgrip dynamometry was used to determine muscle strength of the dominant forearm. Three measures were performed, and the highest value was analysed. Weak handgrip strength was defined as(n=160) was predominantly female (58.1%), breast cancer was the most prevalent cancer type (29.4%) and the mean age was 63.2 ± 11.3 years. Over half of the cohort was overweight (53.5%) and 70% had not received nutritional advice from a dietician, with 77.5% reporting weight changes since diagnosis. Weak handgrip strength was present in 26.9% of the cohort. Weaker HGS was significantly associated with poorer QoL, physical, role and cognitive functioning (p \u3c 0.05). Additionally, weaker HGS was associated with increased symptom scale scores for fatigue, pain and appetite loss (p \u3c 0.05). Results display how poor muscular strength impacts QoL in an ambulatory oncology setting in the North-West of Ireland. If routine screening of muscle strength was conducted in oncology patients, it could aid timely referral to nutrition support and combat the negative impacts on their future

    Weight status of children aged 2-5 years old, attending a paediatric outpatient clinic and its association with parental feeding style and parental perceptions of weight status

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    Background: A child’s weight status can allow health care professionals to assess their developmental growth. A child having a low or high weight for height could be due to an imbalance in nutrient intake occurring. It is important to balance dietary intake and physical activity to maintain a healthy weight status. Excessive consumption of food can lead to an overweight/obese weight status which is linked to non-communicable diseases. Parental feeding style can directly impact a child’s set of eating behaviours. Therefore, parents have a strong influence over a child’s growth pattern. In addition, parental awareness of childhood obesity is reported to be poor which could be a barrier to interventions. Aim: To determine; (1) the weight status of children aged 2-5 years attending Sligo University Hospital (SUH); (2) current parental feeding styles being utilised; (3) whether parents were able to correctly classify their own weight status and that of their child and if this was associated with parental misclassification of their own weight status and (4) whether parents are interested in further information in this area, and what form this information/guidance should take. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a paediatric outpatient department between September 2018 and May 2019. Data collected included anthropometric measurements and demographic information as well as a validated parental feeding style questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS version 24. Statistical significance was set at p \u3c.05. Results: Fifty parents and children were recruited. 72% of children were classified as having a normal weight status, 22% an overweight status and 6% an obese weight status. No parent correctly classified a child as having an overweight status. No association was found between parental misclassification of a child’s weight status and their own weight status. The majority of parents used an encouragement feeding style. 84% of parents reported to be interested in obtaining healthy lifestyle information. The preferred method of receiving this information is in the form of a leaflet. Discussion/Conclusion: The childhood overweight and obesity rates within this cohort are slightly above the national rates for childhood obesity. Parental awareness of childhood overweight/obesity was found to be poor as illustrated in previous studies. Interventions need to be implemented to improve parental classification of a child’s weight status. Parents expressed an interest in receiving health education material in this setting

    Energy drinks available in Ireland: a description of caffeine and sugar content

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    Objective: To describe the caffeine and sugar content of all energy drinks available on the island of Ireland. Design: Two retail outlets were selected from each of: multinational, convenience and discount stores in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and all available single-serve energy drinks were purchased. The cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2015 and brand name, price, volume, caffeine and sugar content were recorded for each product. Descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Seventy-eight products were identified on the island of Ireland (regular, n 59; diet/sugar-free/light, n 19). Caffeine and sugar content was in the range of 14–35 mg and 2·9–15·6 g per 100 ml, respectively. Mean caffeine content of 102·2 mg per serving represents 25·6 % of the maximum intake advised for adults by the European Food Safety Authority. Per serving, mean sugar content of regular energy drinks was 37 g. This exceeds WHO recommendations for maximum daily sugar intake of <5 % of total energy intake (25 g for adults consuming 8368 kJ (2000 kcal) diet). If displaying front-of-pack labelling, fifty-seven of the fifty-nine regular energy drinks would receive a Food Standards Agency ‘red’ colour-coded label for sugar. Conclusions: Energy drinks are freely available on the island of Ireland and all products surveyed can be defined as highly caffeinated products. This has potential health issues particularly for children and adolescents where safe limits of caffeine have not been determined. Energy drinks surveyed also contained high levels of sugar and could potentially contribute to weight gain and adverse dental health effects