2,802 research outputs found

    Asymptotic directional structure of radiation for fields of algebraic type D

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    The directional behavior of dominant components of algebraically special spin-s fields near a spacelike, timelike or null conformal infinity is studied. By extending our previous general investigations we concentrate on fields which admit a pair of equivalent algebraically special null directions, such as the Petrov type D gravitational fields or algebraically general electromagnetic fields. We introduce and discuss a canonical choice of the reference tetrad near infinity in all possible situations, and we present the corresponding asymptotic directional structures using the most natural parametrizations.Comment: 20 pages, 6 figure

    Doubly Heavy Tetraquarks and Baryons

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    During the last three years strong experimental evidence from BB and charm factories has been accumulating for the existence of exotic hadronic quarkonia, narrow resonances which cannot be made from a quark and an antiquark. Their masses and decay modes show that they contain a heavy quark-antiquark pair, but their quantum numbers are such that they must also contain a light quark-antiquark pair. The theoretical challenge has been to determine the nature of these resonances. The main possibilities are that they are either "genuine tetraquarks", i.e. two quarks and two antiquarks within one confinement volume, or "hadronic molecules" of two heavy-light mesons. In the last few months there as been more and more evidence in favor of the latter. I discuss the experimental data and its interpretation and provide fairly precise predictions for masses and quantum numbers of the additional exotic states which are naturally expected in the molecular picture but have yet to be observed. In addition, I provide arguments in favor of the existence of an even more exotic state - a hypothetical deuteron-like bound state of two heavy baryons. I also consider "baryon-like" states QQqˉqˉQ Q' \bar q\bar q', which if found will be direct evidence not just for near-threshold binding of two heavy mesons, but for genuine tetraquarks with novel color networks. I stress the importance of experimental search for doubly-heavy baryons in this context.Comment: Invited plenary lecture at International Conference on New Frontiers in Physics, Aug. 28-Sep. 2013, Kolymbari, Crete, Greec

    Review of Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models

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    We discuss one of the most interesting phenomena exhibited by baby skyrmions -- breaking of rotational symmetry. The topics we will deal with here include the appearance of rotational symmetry breaking in the static solutions of baby Skyrme models, both in flat as well as in curved spaces, the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby skyrmions, and finally, the appearance of spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry in rotating baby skyrmions.Comment: 35 pages, 16 figures. A version of this manuscript with higher-resolution figures is available at http://www.tau.ac.il/~itayhe/SkReview/SkReview.ra

    Spin Structure Functions

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    We review the theory and phenomenology of deep inelastic polarized lepton-nucleon scattering in the light of recent data with a deuteron target from the SMC at CERN and a Helium 3 target from the E142 experiment at SLAC. After including higher-order perturbative QCD corrections, mass corrections and updated estimates of higher-twist effects, we find good agreement with the basic Bjorken sum rule, and extract a consistent set of values for the quark contributions to the proton spin: ΔΣΔu+Δd+Δs=0.27±0.11\Delta\Sigma \equiv \Delta u + \Delta d + \Delta s = 0.27 \pm 0.11 Δu=0.82±0.04,Δd=0.44±0.04,Δs=0.11±0.04\Delta u = 0.82 \pm 0.04, \Delta d = -0.44 \pm 0.04,\Delta s = -0.11 \pm 0.04 which are consistent with chiral soliton models and indications from lattice estimates. We also mention the prospects for future experiments on the spin structure of the nucleon.Comment: 18 pages (LateX) + 6 postscript figures encoded through uufiles; CERN-TH-7022/93, TAUP-2094-93; Plenary talk at the PANIC '93 (corrected eq. (3)

    A diquark model for the d*(2380) dibaryon resonance?

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    Diquark models have been applied with varying degree of success to tetraquark and pentaquark states involving both light and heavy quark degrees of freedom. We discuss the applicability of such models to light quark dibaryons, viewed as three-diquark objects. Highlighting the case of the d*(2380) dibaryon resonance, we demonstrate the inapplicability of diquark models in the light quark sector.Comment: v2 -- inessential minor changes with respect to v1, matches published EPJC versio

    Scattering and Resonances in QCD_2

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    Extending previous works on the spectrum of QCD_2, we now investigate the 2D analogue of meson-baryon scattering. We use semi-classical methods, perturbing around classical soliton solutions. We start with the abelian case, corresponding to one flavor,and find that in this case the effective potential is reflectionless. We obtain an explicit expression for the forward phase shift. In the non-abelian case of several flavors, the method yields a potential which depends on the momentum of the incoming particle. In this case there is both transmission and reflection. In both cases no resonances appear. As a byproduct, we derive the general conditions for a 2D quantum field theoretical action to yield a reflectionless effective potential when one expands in small fluctuations about the classical solution.Comment: Figs. 2 and 3 and the accompanying text amended, following sign correction in the first term in the potential V in eq. (58). Qualitative conclusions unchange

    Diquarks and antiquarks in exotics: a menage a trois and a menage a quatre

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    A menage a trois is very different from an ordinary family. Similarly, exotic hadrons with both qq and qbar q pairs have important color-space correlations that are completely absent in ordinary mesons and baryons. The presence of both types of pairs requires attention to the basic QCD physics that the q qbar interaction is much stronger than the qq interaction. This new physics in multiquark systems produces color structures totally different from those of normal hadrons, for example the ud system is utterly unlike the ud diquark in the uds Lambda baryon. The color-space correlations produce unusual experimental properties in tetraquarks with heavy quark pairs which may be relevant for newly discovered mesons like the X(3872) resonance. Tetraquark masses can be below the two-meson threshold for sufficiently high quark masses. A simple model calculation shows the b q bbar ubar and b q cbar qbar tetraquarks below the B Bbar and B Dbar thresholds. Some of these states have exotic electric charge and their decays might have striking signatures involving monoenergetic photons and/or pions.Comment: Journal version (PLB