132 research outputs found

    Neural Cryptography

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    Two neural networks which are trained on their mutual output bits show a novel phenomenon: The networks synchronize to a state with identical time dependent weights. It is shown how synchronization by mutual learning can be applied to cryptography: secret key exchange over a public channel.Comment: 9th International Conference on Neural Information Processing, Singapore, Nov. 200

    Optimum Asymptotic Multiuser Efficiency of Pseudo-Orthogonal Randomly Spread CDMA

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    A KK-user pseudo-orthogonal (PO) randomly spread CDMA system, equivalent to transmission over a subset of KKK'\leq K single-user Gaussian channels, is introduced. The high signal-to-noise ratio performance of the PO-CDMA is analyzed by rigorously deriving its asymptotic multiuser efficiency (AME) in the large system limit. Interestingly, the KK'-optimized PO-CDMA transceiver scheme yields an AME which is practically equal to 1 for system loads smaller than 0.1 and lower bounded by 1/4 for increasing loads. As opposed to the vanishing efficiency of linear multiuser detectors, the derived efficiency is comparable to the ultimate CDMA efficiency achieved for the intractable optimal multiuser detector.Comment: WIC 27th Symposium on Information Theory in the Benelux, 200

    Interacting neural networks and cryptography

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    Two neural networks which are trained on their mutual output bits are analysed using methods of statistical physics. The exact solution of the dynamics of the two weight vectors shows a novel phenomenon: The networks synchronize to a state with identical time dependent weights. Extending the models to multilayer networks with discrete weights, it is shown how synchronization by mutual learning can be applied to secret key exchange over a public channel.Comment: Invited talk for the meeting of the German Physical Societ

    An Efficient Joint Source-Channel Decoder with Dynamical Block Priors

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    An efficient joint source-channel (s/c) decoder based on the side information of the source and on the MN-Gallager algorithm over Galois fields is presented. The dynamical block priors (DBP) are derived either from a statistical mechanical approach via calculation of the entropy for the correlated sequences, or from the Markovian transition matrix. The Markovian joint s/c decoder has many advantages over the statistical mechanical approach. In particular, there is no need for the construction and the diagonalization of a qXq matrix and for a solution to saddle point equations in q dimensions. Using parametric estimation, an efficient joint s/c decoder with the lack of side information is discussed. Besides the variant joint s/c decoders presented, we also show that the available sets of autocorrelations consist of a convex volume, and its structure can be found using the Simplex algorithm.Comment: 13 pages, to appear in "Progress in Theoretical Physics Supplement", May 200

    Capacity of Complexity-Constrained Noise-Free CDMA

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    An interference-limited noise-free CDMA downlink channel operating under a complexity constraint on the receiver is introduced. According to this paradigm, detected bits, obtained by performing hard decisions directly on the channel's matched filter output, must be the same as the transmitted binary inputs. This channel setting, allowing the use of the simplest receiver scheme, seems to be worthless, making reliable communication at any rate impossible. We prove, by adopting statistical mechanics notion, that in the large-system limit such a complexity-constrained CDMA channel gives rise to a non-trivial Shannon-theoretic capacity, rigorously analyzed and corroborated using finite-size channel simulations.Comment: To appear in IEEE Communications Letter

    Chaos Synchronization with Dynamic Filters: Two Way is Better Than One Way

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    Two chaotic systems which interact by mutually exchanging a signal built from their delayed internal variables, can synchronize. A third unit may be able to record and to manipulate the exchanged signal. Can the third unit synchronize to the common chaotic trajectory, as well? If all parameters of the system are public, a proof is given that the recording system can synchronize as well. However, if the two interacting systems use private commutative filters to generate the exchanged signal, a driven system cannot synchronize. It is shown that with dynamic private filters the chaotic trajectory even cannot be calculated. Hence two way (interaction) is more than one way (drive). The implication of this general result to secret communication with chaos synchronization is discussed
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