4,249 research outputs found

    Optimum dosage of a new preemergence herbicide oxifluorfen (Commercial name GOAL) on the cassava planted in different soil types

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    The main objectives of this expt. were to study the optimum dosage of the preemergence herbicide, oxyfluorfen, on different soil types by evaluating the chemical injury on cassava leaves; investigate the relationship between the diameter of the cutting and the initial growth; analyze aspects of mineral nutrition of N- deficient plants; and obtain general information about the effect of urea leaf application to these plants. Injury by the herbicide increased with increasing application of oxyfluorfen; as soil content increased and clay content decreased, herbicide damage increased. These was no correlation of the diameter of the cutting to the germination rate or plant height. Fifty days after planting, the upper leaves of some plants showed N deficiency. Leaf application of 1 and 2 percent urea caused damage at the same degree of severity. (CIAT

    In vivo Ca2+ dynamics induced by Ca2+ injection in individual rat skeletal muscle fibers

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    Citation: Wakizaka, M., Eshima, H., Tanaka, Y., Shirakawa, H., Poole, D. C., & Kano, Y. (2017). In vivo Ca2+ dynamics induced by Ca2+ injection in individual rat skeletal muscle fibers. Physiological Reports, 5(5), 10. doi:10.14814/phy2.13180In contrast to cardiomyocytes, store overload-induced calcium ion (Ca2+) release (SOICR) is not considered to constitute a primary Ca2+ releasing system from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in skeletal muscle myocytes. In the latter, voltage-induced Ca2+ release (VICR) is regarded as the dominant mechanism facilitating contractions. Any role of the SOICR in the regulation of cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) and its dynamics in skeletal muscle in vivo remains poorly understood. By means of in vivo single fiber Ca2+ microinjections combined with bioimaging techniques, we tested the hypothesis that the [Ca2+](i) dynamics following Ca2+ injection would be amplified and fiber contraction facilitated by SOICR. The circulation-intact spinotrapezius muscle of adult male Wistar rats (n = 34) was exteriorized and loaded with Fura-2 AM to monitor [Ca2+](i) dynamics. Groups of rats underwent the following treatments: (1) 0.02, 0.2, and 2.0 mmol/L Ca2+ injections, (2) 2.0 mmol/L Ca2+ with inhibition of ryanodine receptors (RyR) by dantrolene sodium (DAN), and (3) 2.0 mmol/L Ca2+ with inhibition of SR Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) by cyclopiazonic acid (CPA). A quantity of 0.02 mmol/L Ca2+ injection yielded no detectable response, whereas peak evoked [Ca2+](i) increased 9.9 +/- 1.8% above baseline for 0.2 mmol/L and 23.8 c 4.3% (P < 0.05) for 2.0 mmol/L Ca2+ injections. The peak [Ca2+](i) in response to 2.0 mmol/L Ca2+ injection was largely abolished by DAN and CPA (-85.8%, -71.0%, respectively, both P < 0.05 vs. unblocked) supporting dependence of the [Ca2+](i) dynamics on Ca2+ released by SOICR rather than injected Ca2+ itself. Thus, this investigation demonstrates the presence of a robust SR-evoked SOICR operant in skeletal muscle in vivo

    Marky: a lightweight web tracking tool for document annotation

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    Document annotation is an elementary task in the development of Text Mining applications, notably in defining the entities and relationships that are relevant to a given domain. Many annotation software tools have been implemented. Some are particular to a Text Mining framework while others are typical stand-alone tools. Regardless, most development efforts were driven to basic functionality, i.e. performing the annotation, and to interface, making sure operation was intuitive and visually appellative. The deployment of large-scale annotation jamborees and projects showed the need for additional features regarding inter- and intra-annotation management. Therefore, this paper presents Marky, a new Web-based document annotation tool that integrates a highly customisable annotation environment with a robust project management system. Novelty lays on the annotation tracking system, which supports per user and per round annotation change tracking and thus, enables automatic annotation correction and agreement analysis

    Multi-wavelength spectroscopic observation of EUV jet in AR 10960

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    We have studied the relationship between the velocity and temperature of a solar EUV jet. The highly accelerated jet occurred in the active region NOAA 10960 on 2007 June 5. Multi-wavelength spectral observations with EIS/Hinode allow us to investigate Doppler velocities at the wide temperature range. We analyzed the three-dimensional angle of the jet from the stereoscopic analysis with STEREO. Using this angle and Doppler velocity, we derived the true velocity of the jet. As a result, we found that the cool jet observed with \ion{He}{2} 256 \AA log‚Ā°10Te[K]=4.9\log_{10}T_e[\rm{K}] = 4.9 is accelerated to around 220km/s220 \rm{km/s} which is over the upper limit of the chromospheric evaporation. The velocities observed with the other lines are under the upper limit of the chromospheric evaporation while most of the velocities of hot lines are higher than that of cool lines. We interpret that the chromospheric evaporation and magnetic acceleration occur simultaneously. A morphological interpretation of this event based on the reconnection model is given by utilizing the multi-instrumental observations.Comment: Accepted for publication in Ap

    COMPARATIVE STUDIES ABOUT KINEMATICS OF MAXIMAL SPRINT RUNNING AND RUNNING UP IN HORSE VAULTING

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    INTRODUCTION: Effective running up is known as an important factor for successful completion of horse vaulting. Some examined the relationship of mechanical parameters of pre-flight and/or post-flight with gymnasts’ performance. However, running up kinematics and its running velocity have been neglected. So the purposes of present study were 1) to compare the kinematics of running up during horse vaulting with that of sprint running, and 2) to investigated the relationships of running velocities and scores of horse vaulting

    Superlubricity mechanism of diamond-like carbon with glycerol. Coupling of experimental and simulation studies

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    We report a unique tribological system that produces superlubricity under boundary lubrication conditions with extremely little wear. This system is a thin coating of hydrogen-free amorphous Diamond-Like-Carbon (denoted as ta-C) at 353 K in a ta-C/ta-C friction pair lubricated with pure glycerol. To understand the mechanism of friction vanishing we performed ToF-SIMS experiments using deuterated glycerol and 13C glycerol. This was complemented by first-principles-based computer simulations using the ReaxFF reactive force field to create an atomistic model of ta-C. These simulations show that DLC with the experimental density of 3.24 g/cc leads to an atomistic structure consisting of a 3D percolating network of tetrahedral (sp3) carbons accounting for 71.5% of the total, in excellent agreement with the 70% deduced from our Auger spectroscopy and XANES experiments. The simulations show that the remaining carbons (with sp2 and sp1 character) attach in short chains of length 1 to 7. In sliding simulations including glycerol molecules, the surface atoms react readily to form a very smooth carbon surface containing OH-terminated groups. This agrees with our SIMS experiments. The simulations find that the OH atoms are mostly bound to surface sp1 atoms leading to very flexible elastic response to sliding. Both simulations and experiments suggest that the origin of the superlubricity arises from the formation of this OH-terminated surface

    Lymphapheresis in organ transplantation: preliminary report.

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    Reduction of lymphoid tissue by splenectomy and/or thymectomy has been used as a part of immunosuppression in organ transplantation (4). More recently Walker (7), Johnson (2), Franksson (1) and Starzl (5,6) and their associates have shown that chronic depletion of lymphocytes by thoracic duct drainage decreases the incidence of rejection and hence increases renal graft survival. Mechanical removal of lymphocytes from circulation peripheral blood should theoretically achieve the same or similar effect on the immunity as thoracic duct drainage. Since September, 1979, five organ transplant recipients have received multiple lymphocytapheresis by IBM 2997 Blood Cell Separator as a mechanical pretransplant immunosuppression. The changes in cellular and humoral immunity and the clinical outcome are presented in this report

    Lidar observation of the mesospheric sodium layer in Antarctica

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    The mesospheric sodium layer has been observed at Syowa Station in Antarctica during the wintering period of the 26th Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition. A lidar observation of the polar middle atmosphere at the station has been performed as a part of the Middle Atmosphere Program since 1983. At first stratospheric aerosols have been observed by the system based on a ruby laser. In 1985 a new transmitting system consisting of a tunable dye laser was added to that system to observe the sodium layer, too. The characteristics of the lidar system are given. The results of the mesospheric sodium layer observed on 42 nights during the period from March to October, 1985 are also given
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