3,373 research outputs found

    Nucleus-Nucleus Bremsstrahlung from Ultrarelativistic Collisions

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    The bremsstrahlung produced when heavy nuclei collide is estimated for central collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Soft photons can be used to infer the rapidity distribution of the outgoing charge. An experimental design is outlined.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figures, uses revte

    Strange Particle Production in p+p, p+Pb and Pb+Pb Interactions from NA49

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    Recent NA49 results on Lambda, Antilambda, Xi- and Antixi+ production in minimum bias p+p and centrality selected p+Pb collisions at 158 GeV/c, and the results on Lambda, Antilambda, K+ and K- production in central Pb+Pb collisions at 40, 80 and 158 A GeV are discussed and compared with other available data. By comparing the energy dependence of Lambda and Antilambda production at mid-rapidity a striking similarity is observed between p+p and A+A data. This is also seen in the energy dependence of the Lambda/pi ratio. K+/pi at mid-rapidity is affected in a similar way, due to the associated production of K+ together with Lambda particles. The observed yields increase faster than the number of wounded nucleons when comparing p+Pb to p+p. As already observed in A+A collisions, the increase is larger for multistrange than for strange baryons and for baryons than for anti-baryons.Comment: 8 pages, 10 figures, To appear in proceedings of Strange Quark in Matter 2001-A Flavourspace Odyssey, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 24-29. Sept. 200

    Hanbury-Brown--Twiss Analysis in a Solvable Model

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    The analysis of meson correlations by Hanbury-Brown--Twiss interferometry is tested with a simple model of meson production by resonance decay. We derive conditions which should be satisfied in order to relate the measured momentum correlation to the classical source size. The Bose correlation effects are apparent in both the ratio of meson pairs to singles and in the ratio of like to unlike pairs. With our parameter values, we find that the single particle distribution is too distorted by the correlation to allow a straightforward analysis using pair correlation normalized by the singles rates. An analysis comparing symmetrized to unsymmetrized pairs is more robust, but nonclassical off-shell effects are important at realistic temperatures.Comment: 21 pages + 9 figures (tarred etc. using uufiles, submitted separately), REVTeX 3.0, preprint number: DOE/ER/40561-112/INT93-00-3

    Event-by-event fluctuations in collective quantities

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    We discuss an event-by-event fluctuation analysis of particle production in heavy ion collisions. We compare different approaches to the evaluation of the event-by-event dynamical fluctuations in quantities defined on groups of particles, such quantities as mean transverse momentum, transverse momentum spectra slope, strength of anisotropic flow, etc.. The direct computation of the dynamical fluctuations and the sub-event method are discussed in more detail. We also show how the fluctuation in different variables can be related to each other.Comment: LaTex, 14 pages and 5 figures. 2 references adde

    Time Dependence of Chemical Freeze-out in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

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    We investigate chemical and thermal freeze-out time dependencies for strange particle production for CERN SPS heavy ion collisions in the framework of a dynamical hadronic transport code. We show that the Lambda yield changes considerably after hadronization in the case of Pb+Pb collisions, whereas for smaller system sizes (e.g. S+S) the direct particle production dominates over production from inelastic rescattering. Chemical freeze-out times for strange baryons in Pb+Pb are smaller than for non-strange baryons, but they are still sufficiently long for hadronic rescattering to contribute significantly to the final Lambda yield. Based on inelastic and elastic cross section estimates we expect the trend of shorter freeze-out times (chemical and kinetic), and thus less particle production after hadronization, to continue for multi-strange baryons.Comment: 10 pages, 7 postscript figure

    Pentaquarks: review of the experimental evidence

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    Pentaquarks, namely baryons made by 4 quarks and one antiquark have been predicted and searched for since several decades without success. Theoretical and experimental advances in the last 2 years led to the observation of a number of pentaquark candidates. We review the experimental evidence for pentaquarks as well as their non-observations by some experiments, and discuss to which extend these sometimes contradicting informations may lead to a consistent picture.Comment: Contribution to the International Conference on 'Strangeness in Quark Matter', 15-21 Sept. 2004, Cape Tawn, South Afric

    Energy dependence of kaon production in central Pb+Pb collisions

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    Recent results from the NA49 experiment on the energy dependence of charged kaon production in central Pb+Pb collisions are presented. First results from the new data at 80 AGeV beam energy are compared with those from lower and higher energies. A difference in the energy dependence of the / and / ratios is observed. The / ratio shows a non-monotonic behaviour with a maximum near 40 AGeV.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures, proceedings of talk at SQM2001, Frankfurt, Germany, to appear in J. Phys.

    Emission times and opacities from interferometry in non-central Relativistic Nuclear Collisions

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    The nuclear overlap zone in non-central relativistic heavy ion collisions is azimuthally very asymmetric. By varying the angle between the axes of deformation and the transverse direction of the pair momenta, the transverse HBT radii oscillate in a characteristic way. It is shown that these oscillations allow determination of source sizes, deformations as well as the opacity and duration of emission of the source created in any non-central high energy nuclear collisions. The behavior of the physical quantities with centrality of the collisions is discussed --- in particular changes caused by a possible phase transition to a quark-gluon plasma.Comment: Revised version, to appear in Phys. Rev. Letter

    Interferometry of Direct Photons in Central 280Pb+208Pb Collisions at 158A GeV

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    Two-particle correlations of direct photons were measured in central 208Pb+208Pb collisions at 158 AGeV. The invariant interferometric radii were extracted for 100<K_T<300 MeV/c and compared to radii extracted from charged pion correlations. The yield of soft direct photons, K_T<300 MeV/c, was extracted from the correlation strength and compared to theoretical calculations.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Bulk properties and flow

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    In this report, I summarize the experimental results on {\bf bulk properties and flow} presented at Quark Matter 2004. It is organized in four sections: 1) Initial condition and stopping; 2) Particle spectra and freeze-outs; 3) Anisotropic flow; 4) Outlook for future measurements.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, "Rapporteur-Conference Highlights", Quark Matter 2004, Oakland, January 11-1
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