495 research outputs found

    Radiative processes (tau -> mu gamma, mu -> e gamma and muon g-2) as probes of ESSM/SO(10)

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    The Extended Supersymmetric Standard Model (ESSM), motivated on several grounds, introduces two vectorlike families (16 + 16-bar) of SO(10)) with masses of order one TeV. It is noted that the successful predictions of prior work on fermion masses and mixings, based on MSSM embedded in SO(10), can be retained rather simply within the ESSM extension. These include an understanding of the smallness of V_{cb} ~ 0.04 and the largeness of nu_mu - nu_tau oscillation angle, sin^2 2 theta_{nu_mu nu_tau}^{osc} ~ 1. We analyze the new contributions arising through the exchange of the vectorlike families of ESSM to radiative processes including tau -> mu gamma, mu -> e gamma, b -> s gamma, EDM of the muon and the muon (g-2). We show that ESSM makes significant contributions especially to the decays tau -> mu gamma and mu -> e gamma and simultaneously to muon (g-2). For a large and plausible range of relevant parameters, we obtain: a_mu^{ESSM} ~ +(10-40) times 10^{-10}, with a correlated prediction that tau -> mu gamma should be discovered with an improvement in its current limit by a factor of 3-20. The implications for mu -> e gamma are very similar. The muon EDM is within reach of the next generation experiments. Thus, ESSM with heavy leptons being lighter than about 700 GeV (say) can be probed effectively by radiative processes before a direct search for these vectorlike leptons and quarks is feasible at the LHC.Comment: 27 pages LaTex, 2 figure

    Up-Down Unification, Neutrino Masses and Rare Lepton Decays

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    In a recent paper, we showed that tree level up-down unification of fermion Yukawa couplings is a natural consequence of a large class of supersymmetric models. They can lead to viable quark masses and mixings for moderately large values of tanβ\tan\beta with interesting and testable predictions for CP violation in the hadronic sector. In this letter, we extend our discussion to the leptonic sector focusing on one particular class of these models, the supersymmetric left-right model with the seesaw mechanism for neutrino masses. We show that fitting the solar and the atmospheric neutrino data considerably restricts the Majorana-Yukawa couplings of the leptons in this model and leads to predictions for the decay τμ+γ\tau\to \mu +\gamma, which is found to be accessible to the next generation of rare decay searches. We also show that the resulting parameter space of the model is consistent with the requirements of generating adequate baryon asymmetry through lepton-number violating decays of the right-handed neutrino.Comment: 16 pages, latex, 6 figures, typos correcte

    Family Unification with SO(10)

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    Unification based on the group SO(10)^3 \times S_3 is studied. Each family has its own SO(10) group, and the S_3 permutes the three families and SO(10) factors. This is the maximal local symmetry for the known fermions. Family unification is achieved in the sense that all known fermions are in a single irreducible multiplet of the symmetry. The symmetry suppresses SUSY flavor changing effects by making all squarks and sleptons degenerate in the symmetry limit. Doublet-triplet splitting can arise simply, and non-trivial structure of the quark and lepton masses emerges from the gauge symmetry, including the "doubly lopsided" form.Comment: 11 pages, references adde

    Classification of Effective Neutrino Mass Operators

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    We present a classification of SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) gauge invariant \Delta L = 2 (L being lepton number) effective operators relevant for generating small Majorana neutrino masses. Operators of dimension up to 11 have been included in our analysis. This approach enables us to systematically identify interesting neutrino mass models. It is shown that many of the well-known models fall into this classification. In addition, a number of new models are proposed and their neutrino phenomenology is outlined. Of particular interest is a large class of models in which neutrinoless double beta decays arise at a lower order compared to the neutrino mass, making these decays accessible to the current round of experiments.Comment: 34 pages in RevTeX with 18 figure

    SUSY breaking based on Abelian gaugino kinetic term mixings

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    We present a SUSY breaking scenario based on Abelian gaugino kinetic term mixings between hidden and observable sectors. If an extra U(1) gaugino in the observable sector obtains a large mass through this mixing effect based on SUSY breaking in the hidden sector, soft SUSY breaking parameters in the MSSM may be affected by radiative effects due to this gaugino mass. New phenomenological aspects are discussed in such a SUSY breaking scenario.Comment: latex, 12pages, 2figures, published versio

    Predictive Models of Large Neutrino Mixing Angles

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    Several experimental results could be interpreted as evidence that certain neutrino mixing angles are large, of order unity. However, in the context of grand unified models the neutrino angles come out characteristically to be small, like the KM angles. It is shown how to construct simple grand-unified models in which neutrino angles are not only large but completely predicted with some precision. Six models are presented for illustration.Comment: 19 pages, LaTe

    Fermion masses in SO(10) with a single adjoint Higgs field

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    It has recently been shown how to break SO(10) down to the Standard Model in a realistic way with only one adjoint Higgs. The expectation value of this adjoint must point in the B-L direction. This has consequences for the possible form of the quark and lepton mass matrices. These consequences are explored in this paper, and it is found that one is naturally led to consider a particular form for the masses of the heavier generations. This form implies typically that there should be large (nearly maximal) mixing of the mu- and tau-neutrinos. An explanation that does not involve large tan beta also emerges for the fact that b and tau are light compared to the top quark.Comment: 20 pages, LaTeX, clarification of statements about multiple adjoint Higgs fields in the context of superstring theor

    Lepton Flavor Violation and the Origin of the Seesaw Mechanism

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    The right--handed neutrino mass matrix that is central to the understanding of small neutrino masses via the seesaw mechanism can arise either (i) from renormalizable operators or (ii) from nonrenormalizable or super-renormalizable operators, depending on the symmetries and the Higgs content of the theory beyond the Standard Model. In this paper, we study lepton flavor violating (LFV) effects in the first class of seesaw models wherein the \nu_R Majorana masses arise from renormalizable Yukawa couplings involving a B-L = 2 Higgs field. We present detailed predictions for \tau -> \mu + \gamma and \mu -> e + \gamma branching ratios in these models taking the current neutrino oscillation data into account. Focusing on minimal supergravity models, we find that for a large range of MSSM parameters suggested by the relic abundance of neutralino dark matter and that is consistent with Higgs boson mass and other constraints, these radiative decays are in the range accessible to planned experiments. We compare these predictions with lepton flavor violation in the second class of models arising entirely from the Dirac Yukawa couplings. We study the dependence of the ratio r \equiv B(\mu -> e+\gamma)/B(\tau ->\mu +\gamma) on the MSSM parameters and show that measurement of r can provide crucial insight into the origin of the seesaw mechanism.Comment: 20 pages, Revtex, 7 figure

    Lifting a Realistic SO(10) Grand Unified Model to Five Dimensions

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    It has been shown recently that the problem of rapid proton decay induced by dimension five operators arising from the exchange of colored Higgsinos can be simply avoided in grand unified models where a fifth spatial dimension is compactified on an orbifold. Here we demonstrate that this idea can be used to solve the Higgsino-mediated proton decay problem in any realistic SO(10) model by lifting that model to five dimensions. A particular SO(10) model that has been proposed to explain the pattern of quark and lepton masses and mixings is used as an example. The idea is to break the SO(10) down to the Pati-Salam symmetry by the orbifold boundary conditions. The entire four-dimensional SO(10) model is placed on the physical SO(10) brane except for the gauge fields, the 45 and a single 10 of Higgs fields, which are placed in the five-dimensional bulk. The structure of the Higgs superpotential can be somewhat simplified in doing so, while the Yukawa superpotential and mass matrices derived from it remain essentially unaltered.Comment: 17 pages, version to be published in Phys. Rev. D with expanded discussion of the suppression of dim-5 proton decay operator

    Closing the Windows on Mev Tau Neutrinos

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    In this note, we analyze various constraints on the ``visible'' decay modes of a massive τ\tau neutrino, ντνγ\nu_\tau\rightarrow\nu^\prime\,\gamma and ντνe+e\nu_\tau\rightarrow\nu^\prime\, e^+ e^-, where ν\nu^\prime is a light neutrino. The BEBC beam dump experiment provides model-independent constraints on these modes. The lifetime for the νe+e\nu^\prime\, e^+e^- mode is constrained to be τνe+e0.18 (mντ/MeV) sec.\tau_{\nu^\prime\, e^+e^-} \ge 0.18~(m_{\nu_\tau}/MeV)~sec. We point out that the same experiment implies a similar constraint on the νγ\nu^\prime\,\gamma mode. This results in a new upper limit on the transition magnetic moment of ντ\nu_\tau, μtran1.1×109(MeV/mντ)2μB\mu_{\rm tran} \le 1.1 \times 10^{-9} (MeV/m_{\nu_\tau})^2 \mu_B . Furthermore, a limit on the electric charge of ντ\nu_\tau may be obtained, Qντ4×104eQ_{\nu_\tau} \le 4 \times 10^{-4}e. Combining these constraints with those arising from supernova observations and primordial nucleosynthesis calculations, we show that these ``visible'' decays cannot be the dominant decay modes of the τ\tau neutrino.Comment: 8 pgs. LaTeX (1 uuencoded fig., also available on request), Bartol-930XXX, JHU-TIPAC-930026, UM-TH-93-2
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