10,333 research outputs found

    Absence of jump discontinuity in the magnetization in quasi-one-dimensional random-field Ising models

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    We consider the zero-temperature random-field Ising model in the presence of an external field, on ladders and in one dimension with finite range interactions, for unbounded continuous distributions of random fields, and show that there is no jump discontinuity in the magnetizations for any quasi-one dimensional model. We show that the evolution of the system at an external field can be described by a stochastic matrix and the magnetization can be obtained using the eigenvector of the matrix corresponding to the eigenvalue one, which is continuous and differentiable function of the external field.Comment: 4 pages, 5 ps figures. Minor correction

    Mode coupling theory in the FDR-preserving field theory of interacting Brownian particles

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    We develop a renormalized perturbation theory for the dynamics of interacting Brownian particles, which preserves the fluctuation-dissipation relation order by order. We then show that the resulting one-loop theory gives a closed equation for the density correlation function, which is identical with that in the standard mode coupling theory.Comment: version to be published in Fast Track Communication in Journal of Physics A:Math. Theo

    Kinetics of the Wako-Saito-Munoz-Eaton Model of Protein Folding

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    We consider a simplified model of protein folding, with binary degrees of freedom, whose equilibrium thermodynamics is exactly solvable. Based on this exact solution, the kinetics is studied in the framework of a local equilibrium approach, for which we prove that (i) the free energy decreases with time, (ii) the exact equilibrium is recovered in the infinite time limit, and (iii) the folding rate is an upper bound of the exact one. The kinetics is compared to the exact one for a small peptide and to Monte Carlo simulations for a longer protein, then rates are studied for a real protein and a model structure.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    R-Invariant Topological Inflation

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    We propose a topological inflation model in the framework of supergravity with RR invariance. This topological inflation model is not only free from the initial value problem of the inflaton field but also gives low reheating temperature which is favored in supergravity since the overproduction of gravitinos is avoided. Furthermore, the predicted spectrum of the density fluctuations is generally tilted, which will be tested by future observations on CMB anisotropies and large scale structure of the universe.Comment: 7pages (RevTeX file

    Non-Gaussianity from Baryon Asymmetry

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    We study a scenario that large non-Gaussianity arises from the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. There are baryogenesis scenarios containing a light scalar field, which may result in baryonic isocurvature perturbations with some amount of non-Gaussianity. As an explicit example we consider the Affleck-Dine mechanism and show that a flat direction of the supersymmeteric standard model can generate large non-Gaussianity in the curvature perturbations, satisfying the observational constraints on the baryonic isocurvature perturbations. The sign of a non-linearity parameter, f_{NL}, is negative, if the Affleck-Dine mechanism accounts for the observed baryon asymmetry; otherwise it can be either positive or negative.Comment: 25 pages, 7 figures; minor correction, references added; version to appear in JCA

    Dynamic aspect of the chiral phase transition in the mode coupling theory

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    We analyze the dynamic aspect of the chiral phase transition. We apply the mode coupling theory to the linear sigma model and derive the kinetic equation for the chiral phase transition. We challenge Hohenberg and Halperin's classification scheme of dynamic critical phenomena in which the dynamic universality class of the chiral phase transition has been identified with that of the antiferromagnet. We point out a crucial difference between the chiral dynamics and the antiferromagnet system. We also calculate the dynamic critical exponent for the chiral phase transition. Our result is z=1η/20.98z=1-\eta/2\cong 0.98 which is contrasted with z=d/2=1.5z=d/2=1.5 of the antiferromagnet.Comment: 57 pages, no figure

    Non-equilibrium critical behavior : An extended irreversible thermodynamics approach

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    Critical phenomena in non-equilibrium systems have been studied by means of a wide variety of theoretical and experimental approaches. Mode-coupling, renormalization group, complex Lie algebras and diagrammatic techniques are some of the usual theoretical tools. Experimental studies include light and inelastic neutron scattering, X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, microwave interferometry and several other techniques. Nevertheless no conclusive reatment has been developed from the basic principles of a thermodynamic theory of irreversible processes. We have developed a formalism in which we obtain correlation functions as field averages of the associated functions. By applying such formalism we attempt to find out if the resulting correlation functions will inherit the mathematical properties (integrability, generalized homogeneity, scaling laws) of its parent potentials, and we will also use these correlation functions to study the behavior of macroscopic systems far from equilibrium, specially in the neighborhood of critical points or dynamic phase transitions. As a working example we will consider the mono-critical behavior of a non-equilibrium binary fluid mixture close to its consolute point.Comment: 23 pages, 3 figures, 1 tabl

    Stochastic Approach to Flat Direction during Inflation

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    We revisit the time evolution of a flat and non-flat direction system during inflation. In order to take into account quantum noises in the analysis, we base on stochastic formalism and solve coupled Langevin equations numerically. We focus on a class of models in which tree-level Hubble-induced mass is not generated. Although the non-flat directions can block the growth of the flat direction's variance in principle, the blocking effects are suppressed by the effective masses of the non-flat directions. We find that the fate of the flat direction during inflation is determined by one-loop radiative corrections and non-renormalizable terms as usually considered, if we remove the zero-point fluctuation from the noise terms.Comment: 17 pages, 4 figures, v2: minor corrections made, published in JCA

    511 keV line and diffuse gamma rays from moduli

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    We obtain the spectrum of gamma ray emissions from the moduli whose decay into e+ee^+ e^- accounts for the 511 keV line observed by SPI/INTERGRAL. The moduli emit gamma rays through internal bremsstrahlung, and also decay directly into two gammas via tree and/or one-loop diagrams. We show that the internal bremsstahlung constrains the mass of the moduli below 40\sim 40 MeV model-independently. On the other hand, the flux of two gammas directly decayed from the moduli through one loop diagrams will exceed the observed galactic diffuse gamma-ray background if the moduli mass exceeds 20\sim 20 MeV in the typical situation. Moreover, forthcoming analysis of SPI data in the range of 1-8 MeV may detect the line emisson with the energy half the moduli mass in the near future, which confirms the decaying moduli scenario.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, published versio