898 research outputs found

    The GL_2 main conjecture for elliptic curves without complex multiplication

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    The main conjectures of Iwasawa theory provide the only general method known at present for studying the mysterious relationship between purely arithmetic problems and the special values of complex L-functions, typified by the conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer and its generalizations. Our goal in the present paper is to develop algebraic techniques which enable us to formulate a precise version of such a main conjecture for motives over a large class of p-adic Lie extensions of number fields. The paper ends by formulating and briefly discussing the main conjecture for an elliptic curve E over the rationals Q over the field generated by the coordinates of its p-power division points, where p is a prime greater than 3 of good ordinary reduction for E.Comment: 39 page

    Interpolation between the epsilon and p regimes

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    We reconsider chiral perturbation theory in a finite volume and develop a new computational scheme which smoothly interpolates the conventional epsilon and p regimes. The counting rule is kept essentially the same as in the p expansion. The zero-momentum modes of Nambu-Goldstone bosons are, however, treated separately and partly integrated out to all orders as in the epsilon expansion. In this new scheme, the theory remains infra-red finite even in the chiral limit, while the chiral-logarithmic effects are kept present. We calculate the two-point function in the pseudoscalar channel and show that the correlator has a constant contribution in addition to the conventional hyperbolic cosine function of time t. This constant term rapidly disappears in the p regime but it is indispensable for a smooth convergence of the formula to the epsilon regime result. Our calculation is useful to precisely estimate the finite volume effects in lattice QCD simulations on the pion mass Mpi and kaon mass MK, as well as their decay constants Fpi and FK.Comment: 49 pages, 6 figures, minor corrections, references added, version to appear in PR

    Topology conserving gauge action and the overlap-Dirac operator

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    We apply the topology conserving gauge action proposed by Luescher to the four-dimensional lattice QCD simulation in the quenched approximation. With this gauge action the topological charge is stabilized along the hybrid Monte Carlo updates compared to the standard Wilson gauge action. The quark potential and renormalized coupling constant are in good agreement with the results obtained with the Wilson gauge action. We also investigate the low-lying eigenvalue distribution of the hermitian Wilson-Dirac operator, which is relevant for the construction of the overlap-Dirac operator.Comment: 27pages, 11figures, accepted versio

    Lattice study of meson correlators in the epsilon-regime of two-flavor QCD

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    We calculate mesonic two-point functions in the epsilon-regime of two-flavor QCD on the lattice with exact chiral symmetry. We use gauge configurations of size 16^3 32 at the lattice spacing a \sim 0.11 fm generated with dynamical overlap fermions. The sea quark mass is fixed at \sim 3 MeV and the valence quark mass is varied in the range 1-4 MeV, both of which are in the epsilon-regime. We find a good consistency with the expectations from the next-to-leading order calculation in the epsilon-expansion of (partially quenched) chiral perturbation theory. From a fit we obtain the pion decay constant F=87.3(5.6) MeV and the chiral condensate Sigma^{MS}=[239.8(4.0) MeV ]^3 up to next-to-next-to-leading order contributions.Comment: 20 pages, 12 figures, final version to appear in PR

    Lagrangian Floer theory on compact toric manifolds I

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    The present authors introduced the notion of \emph{weakly unobstructed} Lagrangian submanifolds and constructed their \emph{potential function} PO\mathfrak{PO} purely in terms of AA-model data in [FOOO2]. In this paper, we carry out explicit calculations involving PO\mathfrak{PO} on toric manifolds and study the relationship between this class of Lagrangian submanifolds with the earlier work of Givental [Gi1] which advocates that quantum cohomology ring is isomorphic to the Jacobian ring of a certain function, called the Landau-Ginzburg superpotential. Combining this study with the results from [FOOO2], we also apply the study to various examples to illustrate its implications to symplectic topology of Lagrangian fibers of toric manifolds. In particular we relate it to Hamiltonian displacement property of Lagrangian fibers and to Entov-Polterovich's symplectic quasi-states.Comment: 84 pages, submitted version ; more examples and new results added, exposition polished, minor typos corrected; v3) to appear in Duke Math.J., Example 10.19 modified, citations from the book [FOOO2,3] updated accoding to the final version of [FOOO3] to be publishe