10,983 research outputs found

    Localization of strongly correlated electrons as Jahn-Teller polarons in manganites

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    A realistic modeling of manganites should include the Coulomb repulsion between ege_g electrons, the Hund's rule coupling to t2gt_{2g} spins, and Jahn-Teller phonons. Solving such a model by dynamical mean field theory, we report large magnetoresistances and spectra in good agreement with experiments. The physics of the unusual, insulating-like paramagnetic phase is determined by correlated electrons which are-due to strong correlations-easily trapped as Jahn-Teller polarons.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Microscopic conditions favoring itinerant ferromagnetism: Hund's rule coupling and orbital degeneracy

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    The importance of Hund's rule coupling for the stabilization of itinerant ferromagnetism is investigated within a two-band Hubbard model. The magnetic phase diagram is calculated by finite-temperature quantum Monte Carlo simulations within the dynamical mean-field theory. Ferromagnetism is found in a broad range of electron fillings whereas antiferromagnetism exists only near half filling. The possibility of orbital ordering at quarter filling is also analyzed.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figures, RevTeX, final version contains an additional phase diagram for smaller Hund's rule coupling. to appear in Eur. Phys. J. B (1998

    Electronic structure of CeRu4Sn6: a density functional plus dynamical mean field theory study

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    The Kondo system CeRu4_4Sn6_6 shows a strong anisotropy in its electric, optic and magnetic properties. We employ density functional theory plus dynamical mean field theory and show that the predominant Ce-ff state has total angular moment J=5/2J=5/2 and zz-component mJ=±1/2m_J=\pm 1/2 in agreement with recent X-ray absorption experiments. Even though CeRu4_4Sn6_6 has the direct gap of a Kondo insulator through most of the Brillouin zone it remains weakly metallic. This is because of (i) a band crossing in the zz-direction and (ii) a negative indirect gap.Comment: 6 pages, 9 figure

    Physics behind the minimum of relative entropy measures for correlations

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    The relative entropy of a correlated state and an uncorrelated reference state is a reasonable measure for the degree of correlations. A key question is however which uncorrelated state to compare to. The relative entropy becomes minimal for the uncorrelated reference state that has the same one-particle density matrix as the correlated state. Hence, this particular measure, coined nonfreeness, is unique and reasonable. We demonstrate that for relevant physical situations, such as finite temperatures or a correlation enhanced orbital splitting, other choices of the uncorrelated state, even educated guesses, overestimate correlations.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure, final version as to appear European Physical Journal

    From d- to p-wave pairing in the t-t' Hubbard model at zero temperature

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    We develop a DCA(PQMC) algorithm which employs the projective quantum Monte Carlo (PQMC) method for solving the equations of the dynamical cluster approximation (DCA) at zero temperature, and apply it for studying pair susceptibilities of the two-dimensional Hubbard-model with next-nearest neighbor hopping. In particular, we identify which pairing symmetry is dominant in the U-n parameter space (U: repulsive Coulomb interaction; n: electron density). We find that p_{x+y}- (d_{x^2-y^2}-) wave is dominant among triplet (singlet) pairings -at least for 0.3<n<0.8 and U<=4t. The crossover between d_{x^2-y^2}-wave and p_{x+y}-wave occurs around n~0.4.Comment: 5 pages 5 figures; two additional panels in Fig. 2; as to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Pressure-induced metal-insulator transition in LaMnO3 is not of Mott-Hubbard type

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    Calculations employing the local density approximation combined with static and dynamical mean-field theories (LDA+U and LDA+DMFT) indicate that the metal-insulator transition observed at 32 GPa in paramagnetic LaMnO3 at room temperature is not a Mott-Hubbard transition, but is caused by orbital splitting of the majority-spin eg bands. For LaMnO3 to be insulating at pressures below 32 GPa, both on-site Coulomb repulsion and Jahn-Teller distortion are needed.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Thermodynamic and spectral properties of compressed Ce calculated by the merger of the local density approximation and dynamical mean field theory

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    We have calculated thermodynamic and spectral properties of Ce metal over a wide range of volume and temperature, including the effects of 4f electron correlations, by the merger of the local density approximation and dynamical mean field theory (DMFT). The DMFT equations are solved using the quantum Monte Carlo technique supplemented by the more approximate Hubbard I and Hartree Fock methods. At large volume we find Hubbard split spectra, the associated local moment, and an entropy consistent with degeneracy in the moment direction. On compression through the volume range of the observed gamma-alpha transition, an Abrikosov-Suhl resonance begins to grow rapidly in the 4f spectra at the Fermi level, a corresponding peak develops in the specific heat, and the entropy drops rapidly in the presence of a persistent, although somewhat reduced local moment. Our parameter-free spectra agree well with experiment at the alpha- and gamma-Ce volumes, and a region of negative curvature in the correlation energy leads to a shallowness in the low-temperature total energy over this volume range which is consistent with the gamma-alpha transition. As measured by the double occupancy, we find a noticeable decrease in correlation on compression across the transition; however, even at the smallest volumes considered, Ce remains strongly correlated with residual Hubbard bands to either side of a dominant Fermi-level structure. These characteristics are discussed in light of current theories for the volume collapse transition in Ce.Comment: 19 pages including 14 eps figure
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